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  • Benvenuto Cellini (1500 - 1571)
    Benvenuto Cellini (3 November 1500 – 13 February 1571) was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, and artist who also wrote poetry and a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important a...
  • Frederick Orton Rossi (bef.1811 - bef.1876)
    LONDON METROPOLITAN ARCHIVES - ARTISTS' ANNUITY AND BENEVOLENT FUND page 32 CLC/114/MS23663/001/248 Frederick Orton Rossi Age: 21. Sculptor. Sponsors' surnames: Rossi, Cooper, Freebairn 1 page entr...
  • Sir Richard Westmacott (1775 - 1856)
    Sir Richard Westmacott RA (15 July 1775 – 1 September 1856) was a British sculptor. Westmacott lived and died at 14 South Audley Street, Mayfair, London where he is commemorated by a blue plaque. T...
  • Una Vincenzo, Lady Troubridge (1887 - 1963)
    Una Vincenzo, Lady Troubridge (born Margot Elena Gertrude Taylor; 8 March 1887 – 24 September 1963) was a British sculptor and translator. She is best known as the long-time lesbian partner of Margueri...
  • Laura Pope Forester (1873 - 1953)
    Born in a rural area of South Georgia, Laura Pope Forester combined her gifts and her convictions to create an environment that demonstrated both superior artistic genius, and a message that was rare...


A sculptor follows the art or practice of shaping figures or designs in the round or in relief, as by chiseling marble, modeling clay, or casting in metal.

[Middle English, from Latin sculptūra, from sculptus, past participle of sculpere, to carve; see skel- in Indo-European roots.]

This is a Geni occupations project.

  • Please add Geni profiles of practicing sculptors from any era and of any "notability."
  • Collaborators, please add to the project overview, especially the resources section.
  • Additions to the media gallery are wanted; there is nothing so pleasing as viewing images of art.
  • Do consider project spin offs, such as Homage to Alexander Archipenko or Croatian sculptors.
  • Translations desired.
  • Please invite more collaborators.



Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions. It is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material, as clay), in stone, metal, ceramics, wood and other materials but, since modernism, shifts in sculptural process led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or cast.

Sculpture in stone survives far better than works of art in perishable materials, and often represents the majority of the surviving works (other than pottery) from ancient cultures, though conversely traditions of sculpture in wood may have vanished almost entirely. However, most ancient sculpture was brightly painted, and this has been lost.

Sculpture has been central in religious devotion in many cultures, and until recent centuries large sculptures, too expensive for private individuals to create, were usually an expression of religion or politics. Those cultures whose sculptures have survived in quantities include the cultures of the Ancient Mediterranean, India and China, as well as many in South America and Africa.

The Western tradition of sculpture began in Ancient Greece, and Greece is widely seen as producing great masterpieces in the classical period. During the Middle Ages, Gothic sculpture represented the agonies and passions of the Christian faith. The revival of classical models in the Renaissance produced famous sculptures such as Michelangelo's David. Modernist sculpture moved away from traditional processes and the emphasis on the depiction of the human body, with the making of constructed sculpture, and the presentation of found objects as finished art works.

See also: HistoryWorld: History of Sculpture


St. Castorius is the patron saint of sculptors, stonemasons and stonecutters, and his feast day is November 8th. See also: St. Claude

this project is a HistoryLink project