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Shakespeare's History

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  • Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584 - 1650)
    Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, 1st Earl of Montgomery Son of Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of ...
  • William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1580 - 1630)
    and his brother Philip are the "Incomparable Pair" to whom William Shakespeare's First Folio is dedicated.
  • Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke (c.1561 - 1621)
    Mary SidneyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaMary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke née Mary Sidney (Bewdley, 27 October 1561 – London, 25 September 1621), was one of the first English women to achie...
  • Martha Chalkley (1677 - bef.1712)
    Thomas Chalkey treats of the marriage in: The Journal of Thomas Chalkley: A Minister of the Gospel in the Society of Friends (1866) By Thomas Chalkley, pages 46-47; this journal is now an e-book online...
  • Stephen Hopkins, "Mayflower" Passenger (c.1581 - bef.1644)
    Stephen Hopkins (1581 – June or July 1644), born April 1581, was a passenger on the Mayflower in 1620, one of 41 signatories of the Mayflower Compact, and an assistant to the governor of Plymouth Colon...

Many of the plays of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) are dramatizations of historical events, while others contain a kernel of history or allusions to history.


See also: Macbeth - Historical Context of Shakespeare's Play

The Stuart Line back to King Arthur through Fleance & Banquo

Fleance and his father Banquo are both fictional characters presented as historical fact by Hector Boece, whose Scotorum Historiae (1526–27) was a source for Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles, a history of the British Isles popular in Shakespeare's time. In the Chronicles, Fleance—in fear of Macbeth—flees to Wales and marries Nesta verch Gruffydd, daughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, the last native Prince of Wales.
They have a son named Walter who makes his way back to Scotland and is appointed Royal Steward. According to legend, he fathered the Stuart monarchs of England and Scotland.

The Stuarts used their connection with Fleance and his marriage to the Welsh princess to claim a genealogical link with the legendary King Arthur. This, they hoped, would strengthen the legitimacy of their throne.[3] In 1722, however, Richard Hay, a Scottish historian, presented strong evidence that not only was James not a descendant of Fleance, but also that both Fleance and Banquo never even existed. Most modern scholars now agree that Fleance is not a real historical figure.

Interesting Early Shakespearean London Players & Theater Owners

~• many of whom were related

  • Richard Burbage & his grand daughter Mary Saunderson, the wife of
  • Thomas Betterton, employed by
  • Sir William Davenant