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The National Memorial for Peace and Justice Montgomery Alabama

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  • James Press Merriweather (1908 - 1935)
  • Elmore Bolling (c.1908 - 1947)
    It was a mild winter’s night in Lowndes County, and the boy was trying to tug the boots off his father’s dead body.There was nothing to be done about the bullets that riddled his father's chest, or the...

The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, which opened to the public on April 26, 2018, is the nation’s first memorial dedicated to the legacy of enslaved black people, people terrorized by lynching, African Americans humiliated by racial segregation and Jim Crow, and people of color burdened with contemporary presumptions of guilt and police violence.

Lynching in America

In the report, Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror, EJI documented more than 4400 lynchings of black people in the United States between 1877 and 1950. EJI identified 800 more lynchings than had previously been recognized.

Racial terror lynchings were violent and public acts of torture that traumatized black people throughout the country and were largely tolerated by state and federal officials. Lynchings in the American South were not isolated hate crimes committed by rogue vigilantes. Lynching was targeted racial violence at the core of a systematic campaign of terror perpetuated in furtherance of an unjust social order. These lynchings were terrorism.

The lynching era left thousands dead; it significantly marginalized black people in the country's political, economic, and social systems; and it fueled a massive migration of black refugees out of the South. In addition, lynching - and other forms of racial terrorism - inflicted deep traumatic and psychological wounds on survivors, witnesses, family members, and the entire African American community.

Source: https://museumandmemorial.eji.org/memorial

  • Nov. 2, 1877 Owen Wright- Russell
  • Dec. 8, 1877 Mark Woodford- Clarke
  • April 17, 1878 Ben Evans- Madison
  • April 17, 1878 Ephraim Hall- Madison
  • Sept. 21, 1878 Daniel McBride- Limestone
  • June 15, 1879 Dave Benson- St. Clair
  • Dec. 21, 1879 Bill King- Russell
  • Dec. 21, 1879 Squire Smith- Russell
  • June. 9, 1881 Shade Thompson- Barbour
  • July 22, 1881 Albert Brooks- Barbour
  • April 14, 1882 Henry Ivy- Dallas
  • April 14, 1882 Sam Acoff- Dallas
  • Aug. 19, 1882 Jack Turner- Choctaw
  • Aug. 25, 1882 Leonard Coker- Macon
  • Oct. 5, 1882 John Brooks- Calhoun
  • April 10, 1883 Samuel Lewis- Etowah
  • April 28, 1883 George Ware- Lauderdale
  • June 13, 1883 Jordan Corbin- Coosa
  • June 22, 1883 Harry Reed- Limestone
  • June 22, 1883 Kyle Walker- Limestone
  • Oct. 9, 1883 Wesley Brown- Madison
  • Nov. 24, 1883 Lewis Houston- Jefferson
  • Dec. 30, 1883 Lewis Austin- Walker
  • Feb. 2, 1884 Jeff N. Rogers- Chambers
  • July 16, 1884 Joe Robertson- Greene
  • July 18, 1884 Andy Burke- Tuscaloosa
  • Sept. 21, 1884 Short- Hale
  • Oct. 20, 1884 J. R. Dorsey- Cherokee
  • May 8, 1885 Jordan- Colbert
  • May 9, 1885 Scipio Atchison- Chilton
  • Oct. 21, 1885 George Ward- Barbour
  • Dec. 27, 1885 Alexander Reed- Clarke
  • April 20, 1886 Unnamed man- Jefferson
  • Oct. 21, 1886 Three unidentified men- Pickens
  • Nov. 3, 1886 John Hart- Lee
  • Nov. 23, 1886 John Davis- Bibb
  • June 2, 1887 Unnamed man- Bibb
  • Aug. 23, 1887 Jack Myrick- Henry
  • Sept. 18, 1887 Monroe Johnson- Jefferson
  • Nov. 5, 1887 George Hart- Lee
  • Jan. 1, 1888 Oscar Coger- Colbert
  • March 18, 1888 Jeff Curry- Jefferson
  • March 29, 1888 Theodore Calloway- Lowndes
  • April 23, 1888 Hardy Posey- Jefferson
  • July 1, 1888 Calvin Moody- Lawrence
  • July 13, 1888 Jim Torney- St. Clair
  • July 14, 1888 Frank Stone- St. Clair
  • Sept. 7, 1888 Seven unnamed men- Henry
  • Jan. 15, 1889 George Meadows- Jefferson
  • Sept. 1, 1889 "Big Six"- Shelby
  • Sept. 1, 1889 Unnamed man- Shelby
  • Sept. 27, 1889 John Sleet- Jefferson
  • Dec. 26, 1889 Bud Wilson- Tuscaloosa
  • March 21, 1890 Robert Mosley- Madison
  • March 29, 1890 Frank Griffin- Chilton
  • June 7, 1890 Unnamed man- Shelby
  • July 23, 1890 Tobe Williams- Blount
  • Sept. 26, 1890 Jim Tate- Bibb
  • Nov. 16, 1890 Henry Smith- Jefferson
  • March 24, 1891 John Dances- Shelby
  • March 28, 1891 Elrod Hudson- Franklin
  • March 28, 1891 Jeff Denzmore (Dinsmore)- Franklin
  • March 31, 1891 Zachariah Graham- Mobile
  • May 2, 1891 Monroe Watters- Lamar
  • May 29, 1891 Jeff Thomas- Walker
  • July 18, 1891 Mack Brown- Blount
  • July 26, 1891 Jesse Underwood- Colbert
  • Aug. 1, 1891 Eliza Lowe- Henry
  • Aug. 1, 1891 Ella Williams- Henry
  • Aug. 1, 1891 William Williams- Henry
  • Aug. 1, 1891 Willis Lowe- Henry
  • Aug. 21, 1891 Ray Porter- Chilton
  • Sept. 3, 1891 James Sims- Choctaw
  • Sept. 25, 1891 Two unnamed men- Butler
  • Sept. 29, 1891 John Brown- Talladega
  • Jan. 17, 1892 Harry Hinton- Choctaw
  • Feb. 10, 1892 Charles McKilton- Tuscaloosa
  • Feb. 10, 1892 John Johnson- Tuscaloosa
  • Feb. 14, 1892 William Webb- Dallas
  • March 3, 1892 Unnamed man- Calhoun
  • May 5, 1892 G. H. Rose- Choctaw
  • May 16, 1892 Berry Roden- Talladega
  • May 16, 1892 Jim Roden- Talladega
  • May 16, 1892 Will Carter- Talladega
  • July 4, 1892 Unnamed man- Walker
  • July 5, 1892 Edward Prater- Clay
  • Oct. 13, 1892 Burrill Jones- Monroe
  • Oct. 13, 1892 Jim Packer- Monroe
  • Oct. 13, 1892 John Packard- Monroe
  • Oct. 13, 1892 Moses Johnson- Monroe
  • Oct. 29, 1892 Allen Parker- Monroe
  • Jan. 17, 1893 David Williams- Pickens
  • Feb. 21, 1893 Richard Mays- St. Clair
  • March 15, 1893 Tom Brunnon- Pike
  • June 22, 1893 Daniel Edwards- Dallas
  • June 27, 1893 Ernest Murphy- Tallapoosa
  • July 16, 1893 Unnamed man- Shelby
  • July 28, 1893 Lindsay Harper- Chilton
  • Aug. 13, 1893 Monroe Smith- Marengo
  • August 1893 Joe Floyd- Pickens
  • Sept. 4, 1893 Unnamed man- Bibb
  • Sept. 14, 1893 Ellen Fant- Pickens
  • Sept. 14, 1893 Ed Guyton- Pickens
  • Sept. 14, 1893 Paul Archer- Pickens
  • Sept. 14, 1893 Polk Hill- Pickens
  • Sept. 14, 1893 William Archer- Pickens
  • Sept. 18, 1893 Riley Gulley- Wilcox
  • Oct. 9, 1893 John Booker Davis- Henry
  • Dec. 6, 1893 Benjamin Minter- Dallas
  • Dec. 7, 1893 Jim Wilkins- Dallas
  • Dec. 8, 1893 Joseph Givham- Dallas
  • Dec. 27, 1893 Mack Segars- Crenshaw
  • Jan. 8, 1894 Samuel Smith- Butler
  • Feb. 16, 1894 Abram Seddon- Chilton
  • Feb. 16, 1894 William George- Chilton
  • Feb. 20, 1894 Lewis Hendricks- Chilton
  • Feb. 26, 1894 Thomas Douglas- Sumter
  • March 29, 1894 Oliver Jackson- Montgomery
  • April 12, 1894 William Lewis- Wilcox
  • April 22, 1894 John Williams- Colbert
  • April 22, 1894 Thomas Black- Colbert
  • April 22, 1894 Tony Johnson- Colbert
  • April 1894 Two unnamed men- Chilton
  • June 25, 1894 Edward White- Lamar
  • June 30, 1894 Lewis Bankhead- Chilton
  • Nov. 14, 1894 Robert Moseley- Jefferson
  • March 1895 Manuel Dunegan- Chilton
  • March 1895 Rufus Swindler- Elmore
  • April 21, 1895 Alice Greene- Butler
  • April 21, 1895 Martha Greene- Butler
  • April 21, 1895 Mary Deane- Butler
  • April 21, 1895 John Rateler- Butler
  • April 21, 1895 Zeb Colley- Butler
  • April 28, 1895 Unnamed man- Butler
  • May 18, 1895 Jerido Shrivers- Coffee
  • Oct. 4, 1895 Toby McGrady- Bullock
  • Oct. 22, 1895 Dick Henderson- Washington
  • Feb. 9, 1896 Joseph Leeds- St. Clair
  • Feb. 15, 1896 Robert Wilson- Montgomery
  • April 12, 1896 Reddick Adams- Russell
  • June 21, 1896 Leon Orr- Morgan
  • June 24, 1896 William Westmoreland- Lowndes
  • Aug. 1, 1896 Isidore Mobley- Dallas
  • Aug. 1, 1896 William Hunter- Dallas
  • Sept. 13, 1896 John Lee- Henry
  • Sept. 18, 1896 John Fitch- Chambers
  • Oct. 9, 1896 James Anderson- Jefferson
  • Oct. 30, 1896 Jeff Jackson- Monroe
  • Oct. 30, 1896 John Adams- Monroe
  • Oct. 30, 1896 Robert Allison- Monroe
  • Oct. 30, 1896 William Taylor- Monroe
  • Dec. 22, 1896 Joseph James- Bibb
  • Jan. 28, 1897 James Jackson- Bibb
  • March 15, 1897 Andy Beard- Pickens
  • March 18, 1897 John Smith- Jackson
  • May 11, 1897 Amanda Franks- Madison
  • May 11, 1897 Mollie Smith- Madison
  • May 30, 1897 John Hayden- Lamar
  • June 21, 1897 George Bradley- Monroe
  • July 3, 1897 Jim Thomas- Jefferson
  • July 17, 1897 Edmonson- Lauderdale
  • July 19, 1897 George Richardson- Tallapoosa
  • July 19, 1897 James Daniel- Coosa
  • Aug. 6, 1897 Jeff Johnson- Cleburne
  • Aug. 6, 1897 John Clark- Barbour
  • Aug. 26, 1897 John Pharr- Monroe
  • Sept. 2, 1897 John Tompkins- Monroe
  • Nov. 25, 1897 Henry Abrams- Montgomery
  • Dec. 13, 1897 John Bonner- Lamar
  • Dec. 13, 1897 Louis Bonner- Lamar
  • Feb. 1, 1898 John Kellogg- Cherokee
  • March 20, 1898 John Callow- Cherokee
  • March 21, 1898 Sam Ellis- Dallas
  • June 17, 1898 Ham Thompson- Elmore
  • June 17, 1898 Louis Spier- Elmore
  • June 17, 1898 Reese Thompson- Elmore
  • June 17, 1898 Soloman Jackson- Elmore
  • July 13, 1898 Sidney Johnson- Tuscaloosa
  • July 15, 1898 John S. Durrett- Tuscaloosa
  • Aug. 18, 1898 Alex Walker- Dallas
  • Sept. 11, 1898 Albert Anderson- Lamar
  • Sept, 17, 1898 Joe Thompson- Tallapoosa
  • Oct. 24, 1898 John Anderson- Chambers
  • Nov. 5, 1898 John Williams- Autauga
  • Jan. 4, 1899 Marshall McGregor- Pike
  • June 6, 1899 William Hill- Bibb
  • July 30, 1899 Solomon Jones- Butler
  • Aug. 16, 1899 Charles Hurt- Crenshaw
  • Aug. 20, 1899 Peter Louin- Elmore
  • Aug. 20, 1899 Son of Peter Louin- Elmore
  • Nov. 1, 1899 Andrew Sloss- Lawrence
  • February 28 (?)1900 Unnamed man- Lowndes
  • 1900 3 2 Daughter of Jim Crosby- Lowndes
  • 1900 3 2 Wife of Jim Crosby- Lowndes
  • March 2, 1900 Jim Crosby- Lowndes
  • March 18, 1900 Charles Humphries- Lee
  • May 5, 1900 John White- Geneva
  • July 5, 1900 John Roe- Henry
  • July 10, 1900 John Jennings- Shelby
  • July 23, 1900 Elijah Clark- Madison
  • Sept. 10, 1900 Zeb Floyd- Elmore
  • Oct. 2, 1900 Wallace Townsend- Elmore
  • Dec. 24, 1900 Unnamed man- Henry
  • Dec. 27, 1900 George Fuller- Perry
  • Jan. 2, 1901 Louis McAdams- Shelby
  • 1901 3 3 Bud Davis- Lawrence
  • 1901 5 1 Dock Mays- Dallas
  • May 1, 1901 Edward Mays- Dallas
  • May 1, 1901 Robert Dawson- Dallas
  • May 10, 1901 Charles Winston- Jefferson
  • May 30, 1901 Frank Reeves- Butler
  • June 15, 1901 Joe Harris- Limestone
  • June 28, 1901 Billie Magruder- Barbour
  • July 2, 1901 Robert White- Elmore
  • July 15, 1901 Alexander Herman- Lawrence
  • Aug. 2, 1901 Charley Bend- St. Clair
  • Aug. 7, 1901 John Wesley Pennington- Coffee
  • Sept. 3, 1901 William Fournay- Pike
  • 1902 3 22 Ben Zeigler- Pike
  • 1902 6 21 Wiley Campbell- Choctaw
  • Nov. 3, 1902 Samuel Harris- Lee
  • June 30, 1903 Andrew Diggs- Jackson
  • Nov. 7, 1903 Charles Young- St. Clair
  • Dec. 27, 1903 Arthur Stewart- Wilcox
  • April 20, 1904 Ruben Sims- Baldwin
  • April 20, 1904 Gaines Hall- Autauga
  • June 20, 1904 Charlie Harris- Tallapoosa
  • June 20, 1904 Ephraim Pope- Wilcox
  • June 23, 1904 Joe Scott- Bibb
  • July 9, 1904 Will Roberts- Pickens
  • Aug. 6, 1904 Edmund Bell- Dallas
  • Aug. 16, 1904 Rufus Lesseur- Marengo
  • Aug. 20, 1904 Ed Avery- Walker
  • Sept. 7, 1904 Horace Maples- Madison
  • Dec. 15, 1904 Buck Steward- Autauga
  • Dec. 27, 1905 Alex MacDonald- Limestone
  • Feb. 4, 1906 Jim Cotton- Barbour
  • Feb. 11, 1906 Bunk Richardson- Etowah
  • Oct. 6, 1906 Corneilius Robinson- Mobile
  • Oct. 6, 1906 William Thompson- Mobile
  • Jan. 4, 1907 Will Scott- Bullock
  • March 24, 1907 Cleveland Harding- Lauderdale
  • March 25, 1907 Joe Lawrence- Geneva
  • Aug. 28, 1907 John Lipsey- Pickens
  • Sept. 3, 1907 Jerry Johnson- Jefferson
  • Sept. 22, 1907 Moses Dossett- Mobile
  • Nov. 2, 1907 Abe Sumrall- Washington
  • Nov. 2, 1907 Frank Lucas- Washington
  • Nov. 3, 1907 Henry Singleton- Talladega
  • Nov. 30, 1907 Neal Sanders- Covington
  • July 29, 1908 Lige Nelms- Jefferson
  • Aug. 4, 1908 Will Millen- Jefferson
  • Aug. 13, 1908 Unnamed man- Shelby
  • Aug. 21, 1908 Anthony Davis- Jefferson
  • Oct. 20, 1908 Tom Stover- Morgan
  • Jan. 23, 1909 Richard Robertson- Mobile
  • Jan. 24, 1909 Samuel Davenport- Colbert
  • Feb. 6, 1909 Will Parker- Monroe
  • April 25, 1909 John Thomas- Jefferson
  • Sept. 13, 1909 John Holly- Sumter
  • Nov. 23, 1909 Ray Rolston- Cleburne
  • Dec. 20, 1909 Clinton Montgomery- Marengo
  • May 27, 1910 Jesse Matson- Shelby
  • July 2, 1910 Henry McKinney- Houston
  • July 31, 1910 Bill Walker- Mobile
  • Aug. 3, 1910 Unnamed man- Talladega
  • Oct. 1, 1910 Unnamed man- Calhoun
  • Oct. 3, 1910 Bush Withers- Covington
  • Oct. 7, 1910 John Dell- Montgomery
  • Oct. 11, 1910 Grant Richardson- Bibb
  • Dec. 5, 1910 Calvin Ezelle- Monroe
  • Dec. 5, 1910 Sylvester Peyton- Monroe
  • Feb. 12, 1911 Iver Peterson- Barbour
  • March 11, 1911 Jackson Walker- Pike
  • April 2, 1911 Abberdine Johnson- Bullock
  • Jan. 28, 1912 John Chandler- Jefferson
  • June 19, 1912 Tom Jackson- Clarke
  • Aug. 4, 1912 Sam Verge- Sumter
  • Aug. 27, 1912 Willis Perkins- Marion
  • Nov. 1, 1912 William Smith- Jefferson
  • Nov. 10, 1912 Berney- Elmore
  • Dec. 6, 1912 Azariah Curtis- Choctaw
  • Dec. 19, 1912 Unnamed man- Sumter
  • Feb. 25, 1913 Joe Green- Covington
  • Aug. 23, 1913 Wilson Gardner- Jefferson
  • Dec. 2, 1913 Unnamed man- Henry
  • March 21, 1914 Charles Young- Chilton
  • Dec. 18, 1914 William Jones- Lowndes
  • Jan. 4, 1915 Ed Smith- Elmore
  • Jan. 4, 1915 William Smith- Elmore
  • Jan. 18, 1915 Herman Deely- Madison
  • January 1915 Dock Hartley- Butler
  • May 3, 1915 Jesse Hatch- Clarke
  • Aug. 8, 1915 James Fox - Monroe
  • Aug. 18, 1915 "Kid" Jackson- Montgomery
  • Aug. 18, 1915 Henry Russell- Montgomery
  • Jan. 25, 1916 Richard Burton- Sumter
  • July 1, 1916 Sam Meeks- Pickens
  • Jan. 4, 1917 Unnamed man- Bibb
  • July 16, 1917 Poe Hibbler- Pickens
  • July 2, 1917 Sam Powell- Lowndes
  • July 24, 1917 William Powell- Lowndes
  • May 21, 1918 John Womack- Covington
  • Nov. 10, 1918 William Bird- Colbert
  • Nov. 12, 1918 George Whiteside- Colbert
  • June 6, 1919 James E. Lewis- Mobile
  • June 18, 1919 Jim McMillan- Bibb
  • Aug. 2, 1919 Archie Robinson- Clarke
  • Aug. 2, 1919 Unnamed man- Clarke
  • Sept. 29, 1919 Miles Phifer- Montgomery
  • Sept. 29, 1919 Robert Croskey- Montgomery
  • Sept. 30, 1919 John Temple- Montgomery
  • Jan. 15, 1920 Jack Waters- Covington
  • March 11, 1920 Wilbur Smith- Montgomery
  • July 30, 1920 Juster Jennings- Dale
  • July 30, 1920 Sills Spinks- Dale
  • Aug. 8, 1920 Monroe Wood- Henry
  • Oct. 14, 1920 Select Reeves- Butler
  • Oct. 16, 1920 Pete Zeigler- Autauga
  • July 28, 1921 Jordan- Choctaw
  • Jan. 10, 1922 Wm. Jenkins- Barbour
  • Dec. 3, 1922 George Teague- Covington
  • July 1925 Annie May Simmons- Crenshaw
  • Dec. 16, 1925 Grant Cole- Montgomery
  • April 25, 1926 Lillie Cobb- Blount
  • Oct. 30, 1926 Joe Lockhart- Russell
  • July 4, 1930 John Robertson- Sumter
  • July 5, 1930 Esau Robertson- Sumter
  • July 6, 1930 Viola Dial- Sumter
  • Aug. 5, 1931 Neal Quinn- Lowndes
  • Aug. 13, 1933 A. T. Hardin- Bibb
  • Aug. 13, 1933 Dan Pippen- Bibb
  • Sept. 24, 1933 Dennis Cross- Tuscaloosa
  • June 18, 1934 Otis Parham- Montgomery
  • Aug. 23, 1934 George Davis- Jefferson
  • July 15, 1935 Joe Spinner Johnson- Hale
  • Aug. 22, 1935 Jim P. Meriwether- Lowndes
  • Feb. 2, 1937 Wes Johnson- Henry
  • June 21, 1940 Jesse Thornton- Crenshaw
  • Aug. 8, 1943 Willie Lee Cooper- Monroe

Links: https://fpsudbury.org/w111p/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Lynching-Vic... https://gist.github.com/sqsmith/1b0bc9ba18b14c73e9d0