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Profiles

  • Sir George Stoddart Whitmore (1829 - 1903)
    George Stoddart Whitmore was born on 30 May 1829 in Malta, the son of George St Vincent Whitmore and his wife, Isabella Maxwell Stoddart. His father was a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers stationed at...
  • Walter Edward Gudgeon (1841 - 1920)
    Armed Constabulary (New Zealand). Walter Edward Gudgeon by David Green , first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography (Volume 2, 1993). Walter Edward Gudgeon was born in London, Engla...
  • Hākaraia Māhika (c.1814 - 1870)
    Hākaraia Māhika was a Waitaha leader and prophet (poropiti), blending Christian philosophies with Māori teachings. He led warriors during the battles of Gate Pā at Pukehinah...
  • John Murray, VC (1837 - 1911)
    Rank: Sergeant Unit: 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) Battles/wars: Crimean War & New Zealand Wars. Sergeant John Murray of the 68th Regiment. Sergeant Murray received his ‘for ...
  • Frederick Augustus Smith, VC (1826 - 1887)
    Rank: Lieutenant Colonel. Commands held: 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot (1975–78). Battles/wars: Crimean War & New Zealand Wars. Medals: Victoria Cross, Crimea War Medal 1854-1856, New Ze...

The New Zealand Wars, sometimes called the Land Wars and also once called the Māori Wars, were a series of armed conflicts that took place in New Zealand between 1845 and 1872. The wars were fought over a number of issues, the most prominent concerning Māori land being sold to the settler population.

The Māori King Movement (also known as the Kingitanga Movement) began resisting the purchase of their land by British settlers, in some cases resulting in violence. These disputes sowed the seeds of eventual war between Kingitanga Māori, with their supporters, and the British and New Zealand governments, with the support of allied Māori