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Verdi Gallery sub page 28, 31, 34 & 35: Don Carlos

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  • HRH Infante Don Carlos, Prince of Asturias (1545 - 1568)
    When 16-year-old Philip II of Spain (1527-1598) married Maria Manuela of Portugal (1527-1545) his father, the Emperor Charles V, told him not to overstrain himself: he was not marrying to enjoy sex, bu...
  • Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda, Princesa de Eboli (1540 - 1592)
    Árboles de Costados de Gran Parte de Las Primeras Casas de Estos Reynos: Cuyos Dueños Vivian en El Año De 1683 Ana de Mendoza de la Cerda y de Silva Cifuentes, conocida como la princesa de Éboli, (...
  • Philip II of Spain (1527 - 1598)
    (English) Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España1 b. 21 May 1527, d. 13 September 1598 King Philip II of Spain Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España was born on 21 May 1527 at Valladolid, Cast...
  • Elisabeth de Valois (1545 - 1568)
    F, #105247, b. 1545, d. 1568 Last Edited=3 Dec 2008 Consanguinity Index=0.03% Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France was born in 1545. (1) She was the daughter of Henri II, Roi de France and ...


  • Historical persons (HP) behind the opera characters
  • Performers and collaborators of the first premieres
  • Performers most liked by Giuseppe Verdi and his wife Giuseppina Strepponi
  • Greatest performers after Verdi's times
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Don Carlos

  • Grand opéra in 5 acts, French
  • Libretto Camille du Locle and Joseph Méry
  • Based on the tragic play Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien by Friedrich von Schiller
  • Time and place: France (Forest of Fontainebleau near Paris) and Spain (Madrid and Monastery of Yuste) c. 1565.
  • Premiere at Paris Opéra, exact name that time 'Théâtre Imperial de l´Opéra', situated in its former building Salle Le Peletier, 11 March 1867 3, scene 2. Drawing from the premiere at Paris Opera, in its former building Salle Le Peletier, 11 March 1867. (Scala Archives) 4, scene 2. The death of Rodrigo. The front page of Don Carlos' piano score from 1867. designed by Alfredo Edel for the first premiere 11 March 1867.

Don Carlo / revised version

  • 5 acts, Italian
  • Libretto Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry; Achille de Lauzières (Italian trans.)
  • First revision of the translation (additions by Antonio Ghislanzoni).
  • However, the first performance in Italian was at the Royal Italian Opera House in London, 4 June 1867 (severely cut).
  • First official performance in Italian took place at the Teatro Comunale, Bologna on 27 October 1867 and was very successful.
  • Premiere after the final modifications of this version at Teatro di San Carlo, Naples, November/December 1872 3, scene 2. Drawing after the first performance in Italian at the Royal Italian Opera House in London, 4 June 1867. The world premiere took place in Paris 3 months earlier.

Don Carlos / revised

  • 4 acts, French
  • Second revision of Don Carlos with Camille du Locle and Charles Nuitter. Omitted Act 1 and the ballet.
  • Italian translation by Angelo Zanardini based on the original version by Achille De Lauzières
  • Premiere Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 10 January 1884 Cornaglia's depiction of Act IV (the original Act V) in the 1884 La Scala production.

Don Carlo / revised

  • 5 acts, Italian
  • Third revision of Don Carlos with Angelo Zanardini. Restored Act 1, Fontainebleau scene.
  • Premiere Teatro Municipale, Modena, 29 December 1886