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Verdi Gallery sub page 28, 31, 34 & 35: Don Carlos

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Don Carlos


  • Grand opéra in 5 acts, French
  • Libretto Camille du Locle and Joseph Méry
  • Based on the tragic play Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien by Friedrich von Schiller
  • Time and place: France (Forest of Fontainebleau near Paris) and Spain (Madrid and Monastery of Yuste) c. 1565.
  • Premiere at Paris Opéra, exact name that time 'Théâtre Imperial de l´Opéra', situated in its former building Salle Le Peletier, 11 March 1867


photos.geni.com/p13/59/ac/6d/41/5344485c208ee082/1_original.jpgAct 3, scene 2. Drawing from the premiere at Paris Opera, in its former building Salle Le Peletier, 11 March 1867.



photos.geni.com/p13/0c/d2/00/b1/5344485c202ce689/1_original.jpgAct 4, scene 2. The death of Rodrigo in the King's presence. The front page of Don Carlos' piano score from 1867.

Don Carlo / revised version

  • 5 acts, Italian
  • Libretto Camille du Locle, Joseph Méry; Achille de Lauzières (Italian trans.)
  • First revision of the translation (additions by Antonio Ghislanzoni).
  • However, the first performance in Italian was at the Royal Italian Opera House in London, 4 June 1867 (severely cut).
  • First official performance in Italian took place at the Teatro Comunale, Bologna on 27 October 1867 and was very successful.
  • Premiere after the final modifications of this version at Teatro di San Carlo, Naples, November/December 1872

photos.geni.com/p13/6e/5d/40/17/5344485c202aeac5/1_original.jpgAct 3, scene 2. Drawing after the first performance in Italian at the Royal Italian Opera House in London, 4 June 1867. The world premiere took place in Paris 3 months earlier.

Don Carlos / revised

  • 4 acts, French
  • Second revision of Don Carlos with Camille du Locle and Charles Nuitter. Omitted Act 1 and the ballet.
  • Italian translation by Angelo Zanardini based on the original version by Achille De Lauzières
  • Premiere Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 10 January 1884

photos.geni.com/p13/6e/ab/e1/a5/5344485c20301f29/1_original.jpgCarlo Cornaglia's depiction of Act IV (the original Act V) in the 1884 La Scala production.

Don Carlo / revised

  • 5 acts, Italian
  • Third revision of Don Carlos with Angelo Zanardini. Restored Act 1, Fontainebleau scene.
  • Premiere Teatro Municipale, Modena, 29 December 1886



photos.geni.com/p13/bf/27/6b/cc/5344485c202ce68a/la_princesa_de_eboli_original.jpgThe historical Princess of Eboli, Ana de Mendoza (1540 - 1592), by unknown artist.





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