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Profiles

  • James Mease, Dr. (1771 - 1846)
    James Mease (1771-1846), physician, scientific thinker and author, was one of Philadelphia's most prominent citizens and an ardent booster of both the United States and Pennsylvania. His interests we...
  • Commodore John Collings Long (1795 - 1865)
    John C. Long was the son of Capt. George & Martha (Hart) Long. He was a commodore in the United States navy, who began his career when he was commissioned a officer in the US navy on June 18, 1812. H...
  • Hugh Pigot (1775 - 1857)
    ) Admiral Sir Hugh Pigot (1775–29 July 1857), KCB KCH, was an officer of the British Royal Navy, who served in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812. Early life a...
  • Capt. John Aikman (1764 - 1841)
    Notes Note: Crown Patentee, Con 1, Lot 1, Barton, Broken Front Lot 1. From Loyalist Ancestors- John AIKMAN Capt., U.E. 1764, 1 Nov 1841. John's name appears in the Haldimand Papers as being on the...
  • Governor John Brooks (1752 - 1825)
    ) John Brooks (baptized May 4, 1752 – March 1, 1825) was a doctor, military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823, and w...

War of 1812

Project around those who fought in the American-Anglo War of 1812

. This project is on History Link https://s3.amazonaws.com/photos.geni.com/p13/05/07/3d/8e/5344483e1d124a35/history_link_small.jpg

If you add a profile and know any specific battles they served in, please feel free to create a project for that battle and link it to this page under the 'add a related project' section to the right.


General description

from wikipedia:

"The War of 1812 was a military conflict fought between the forces of the United States of America and those of the British Empire. The Americans declared war in 1812 for a number of reasons, including a desire for expansion into the Northwest Territory, trade restrictions because of Britain's ongoing war with France, impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion, and the humiliation of American honour. Until 1814, the British Empire adopted a defensive strategy, repelling multiple American invasions of the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada. However, the Americans gained control over Lake Erie in 1813, seized parts of western Ontario, and destroyed Tecumseh's dream of an Indian confederacy. In the Southwest General Andrew Jackson humbled the Creek nation at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend but with the defeat of Napoleon in 1814, the British adopted a more aggressive strategy, sending in three large armies along with more patrols. British victory at the Battle of Bladensburg in August 1814 allowed the British to capture and burn Washington, D.C. American victories in September 1814 and January 1815 repulsed British invasions of New York and New Orleans.

The war was fought in three theaters: At sea, warships and privateers of both sides attacked each other's merchant ships. The British blockaded the Atlantic coast of the U.S. and mounted large-scale raids in the later stages of the war. Both land and naval battles were fought on the frontier, which ran along the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence River. The South and the Gulf coast saw major land battles in which the American forces destroyed Britain's Indian allies and defeated the main British invasion force at New Orleans. Both sides invaded each other's territory, but these invasions were unsuccessful or temporary. At the end of the war, both sides occupied parts of the other's territory, but these areas were restored by the Treaty of Ghent.

In the U.S., battles such as the Battle of New Orleans and the earlier successful defense of Baltimore (which inspired the lyrics of the U.S. national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner") produced a sense of euphoria over a "second war of independence" against Britain. It ushered in an "Era of Good Feelings" in which the partisan animosity that had once verged on treason practically vanished. Canada also emerged from the war with a heightened sense of national feeling and solidarity. Britain regarded the war as a sideshow to the Napoleonic Wars raging in Europe; it welcomed an era of peaceful relations and trade with the United States."

Battles

On July 19, 1812, the First Battle of Sackets Harbor in Lake Ontario resulted in an American victory as U.S. naval forces repelled a British attack.

Links

Suffix for profiles

Each profile should be labled with a suffix so anyone looking at it they can tell who's who.

These should be understood as (not in order)

USA - U.S. Army

USN - U.S. Navy

USMC - U.S. Marine Corps

U.S. - U.S. Diplomat (i.e. Senator from The Territory of Michigan, Secretary of War, Journalist, etc.)

BRN - Britsh Royal Navy


BA - British Army

BRM - British Royal Marines

resources