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Ovaj projekat je dio projekta Hrvatsko Rodoslovlje - Dalmacija / Croatian Genealogy – Dalmatia

Otok pripada Splitsko-dalmatinskoj županiji i podijeljen je u 2 grada i općine (broj stanovnika 2001. godine):

Otok Hvar je vodeći u suvremenom čakavskom pjesništvu po razvedenosti suvremenoga dijalektalnog pjesništva, a poznata su imena: Tin Kolumbić, Marin Franičević-Pločar, Jure Franičević-Pločar, Pere Ljubić, Lucija Rudan, Rajka Anđelić Maslovarić, Tatjana Radovanović, Mirko Barbarić, Zlatan Plenković, Sibe Miličić, Miki Bratanić...

Od 2004. godine održava se književna manifestacija Susret čakavskih pjesnikinja otoka Hvara posvećena pjesništvu na čakavskom narječju otoka Hvara, autorice čijih su pjesama žene.

Križna procesija na Hvaru je 2009. godine, kao nematerijalna kulturna baština, postala UNESCO-va svjetska baština.


Hvar je dao mnoge poznate rimokatoličke znanstvenike, autore i velikodostojnike: Tomislav Koljatić Maroević, Jordan Zaninović, Šime Ljubić, Nikola Dominik Budrović, Jordan Kuničić, Rajmund Kupareo, Juraj Carić, Estanislao Esteban Karlic, Jorge Novak


The island of Hvar is part of Split-Dalmatia County in Dalmatia, Croatia, with four municipalities (općina), namely Hvar (city) (pop 4138), Stari Grad (pop 2,817), Jelsa (pop 3,656) and Sućuraj (pop 492). Population figures as of 2001.[2]

  • Hvar (city) is the largest town on the island (pop 3,672), for many years an independent commune and major naval base of the Venetian Empire. Hvar municipality includes the settlements of Brusje (206), Velo Grablje (21), Milna (90) and Sveta Nedilja (148).
  • Jelsa is a market town in the northern part of the island (pop 1,798). Jelsa municipality includes the settlements of Gdinj (119), Gromin Dolac (4), Ivan Dolac (26), Svirče (445), Pitve (81), Poljica (68), Vrboska (526), Vrisnik (215), Zastražišće (230), Zavala (144).[2]
  • Stari Grad , also on the north part of the island (pop 1,906), is the site of one of the first permanent settlements on the Adriatic islands during Antiquity. Today, Stari Grad is the main seaport on the island; most visitors arrive here via car ferries from Split. Stari Grad municipality includes the settlements of Dol (348), Rudina (54), Selca (20) and Vrbanj (489).[2]
  • Sućuraj is a small town on the eastern end of the island, nearest to the mainland, where a regular car ferry service connects the island with the town of Drvenik. Sućuraj municipality includes the mainly agricultural communities in the eastern part of the island. The village of Bogomolje is in the district of Sućuraj.

Population Structure of the island of Hvar

In 1525, Vinko Pribojević, gave a speech in the town of Hvar, entitled De origine successibusque Slavorum (On the Origin and Glory of Slavs), where he ended off with specific information on Hvar and its inhabitants. He divided the island into three geographical parts, the eastern part, consisting of the high plain plateau, the western part, consisting of the Hvar plain, and the town of Hvar. The division of the island's inhabitants corresponds to this division. In his description of the islanders and their supposed characteristics we can recognize many of the stereotypes still ascribed to many inhabitants of islands even today.

More recent investigations into the linguistics, characteristics and genetics of the inhabitants of Hvar, tell a similar story.

  • Study 1

The history of the island’s settlement is well established, with colonization of the eastern part of the island which began 400 years ago as a result of forced immigration from the mainland following the Turkish conquest of the Balkans. These new immigrants brought a different dialect, different customs, and a different way of life from those of the longer established population of the western end of the island. The very geography of the island, moreover, with strong barriers to communication between east and west-indeed, a road was only built connecting the east and west parts of the island 20 years ago (viz. circa 1970) and similar difficulty in communication among the villages in each part make this island particularly suitable for examining the genetic effects of population subdivision and migration. Moreover, the settlements themselves are located linearly, which simplifies the analysis. The population of the island numbered 11,402 inhabitants according to the census of 1971. These lived in 20 villages and three small towns.

RESULTS - Comparison of east and west parts of the island. The population of the western part of the island differs significantly from that of the east in the majority of measurements. Only 11 of the 38 measurements in males and 13 in females do not show a significant difference.

 

There are on this island two main different populations living in the same biotope, and they are morphologically distinguishable. Historically, they appear to be of different origins and therefore likely to differ genetically. - extracted from the article Anthropometry and the Biological Structure of the Hvar Population 1986

  • Study 2

The population sub-stratum was being formed until 800 AD by admixture of proto-Illyrians, Illyrians, Greeks and succeeding Romans, and by Croatian (Slavic) immigrants from the 5th century AD who spoke cakavian dialect which became dominant, leading to »Croatization« of the island from the 9th century. Population superstratum was formed during 16th–18th century AD. It was formed by the Croatian population from the mainland who fled the Balkans peninsula in the wake of the Ottoman expansion. Those immigrants spoke stokavian dialect of Croatian language. The subsequent tendency towards inbreeding in each village has been influenced by geographic isolation, political (i.e. the »Pastrovic«)privileges given to residents of certain communities and socio-cultural reasons. All three factors added to population sub-structuring as they prevented gene flow both within and between the villages. Finally, the population adstratum was formed within the past two centuries by infrequent immigration from and non-random emigration to the mainland. - extracted from the article Holistic Anthropological Research of Hvar Islanders, Croatia – From Parish Registries to DNA Studies 2004

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