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Hamengkubuwono II (March 7, 1750 - January 2 1828) or also known by other names Sepuh Sultan. Known as the opponents of the Dutch, among others, opposed the Governor General Daendels and Raffles, the sultan against the creation of new rules of protocol Daendels the oversize tool Dutch resident, when facing the sultan for example only and do not need to use an umbrella to open cap, per dispute between Hamengkubuwana II with His Majesty surakarta about territory boundaries also resulted Daendels forced Hamengkubuwono II abdicated in 1810 and for the subsequent reigns intermittently until the end of 1811 in 1828 when the British set foot on Java (Indonesia) until mid-1812 when the army England stormed the palace of Yogyakarta and 1826 to reduce Diponegoro resistance until 1828. Hamengkubuwono III, Hamengkubuwono Hamengkubuwono IV and V had reigned at the time hidupnyaSri lane II.

When I became crown prince proposed to his palace fortress built to withstand seragan British army. Raffles in 1812 stormed the Sultan of Yogyakarta and caught Sepuh who then exiled in Penang and then moved to Ambon.

Hamengkubuwono I, born Raden Mas Sujana (d. 1792), was the first sultan of Yogyakarta.

Sujana, the Crown Prince, was known as Prince Mangkubumi prior to Becoming sultan of Yogyakarta Sultanate. As a son of Sultan Sunan King of Mataram Mataram ruler, and brother to Prince Heir Apparent Pakubuwono II of Surakarta, a dispute arose concerning the Succession to the throne of Mataram. Prince Mangkubumi Pakubuwono II challenged brother who was aided by the Dutch East India Company seeking a more pliant VOC as Central Javanese puppet king. The war that eventuated was known as the Third Succession War in Mataram.

During the war Prince Mangkubumi was aided by brilliant legendary army commander-in-chief Raden Mas Said who Fought in a highly effective strategic manner. Mangkubumi won decisive battles at Grobogan, Demak and Bogowonto River. During the War in 1749, and the winner! Pakubuwono II Mangkubumi Became Crown Prince Sultan. At the Battle of Bogowonto River in 1751, the Dutch Army under De Clerck was destroyed by Mangkubumi's forces. Raden Mas revolted in dispute with Prince Mangkubumi. The Succession War and revolt of Raden Mas Said ended when the Treaty of 1755 Giyanti Giyanti Treaty, signed in Giyanti-an area east of Surakarta (capital of Mataram Empire) Raden Mas Said and was granted the title Royal Appenages Mangkunegara.

According to the Giyanti Treaty, Mataram was firstly divided into two Kingdoms, Surakarta with Pakubuwono III as ruler, and Yogyakarta Sultanate with Prince Mangkubumi as sultan with the title Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I Senopati Ing Ngalaga Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatulah. Became capital Yogyakarta and a new palace was built with a magnificent water palace in the west of his grounds of Taman Sari.

Hamengkubuwono winner! Sultan in 1792 and was interred in the Royal cemetery of Astana Kasuwargan in Imogiri. He was Succeeded by Hamengkubuwono II, his son.