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Azogui Genealogy and Azogui Family History Information

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About the Azogui surname

Les noms des juifs du Maroc : essai d'onomastique judeo-marocaine. [Abraham I Lareda; Instituto Arias Montano, 1978]

EN FRANCAIS:

Nom espanol du mercure, tirant son etymologie de l'arabe "Azzaouaq. Cet appellatif designe un individu intelligent, a l'esprit vif et subtil.

On retrouve cet appellatif dans les vieux documents espanols sous la graphie de ABENAZOGUE et ABEAZOGUE.

1. Abraham ABENAZOGUE, potier a Tolede au XVe s. Baer II, 390. 2. Yucef ABENAZOGUE, cordonnier, fils de Don Elias, habitant de Santaolalla, figure comme heritier de Abraham ABENAZOGUE (1) et comme proprietaire dans l'inventaire des biens juifs dresse a Tolede en 1494, apres l'expulsion. Baer II, 390. 3. Yehudah AZOGUE, fait l'objet d'un proces au sujet de la Hazaqah d'une boutique a Sale au XVIIIe s. Ben Malca, 83.

IN ENGLISH:

Spanish name for mercury, drawing its etymology from Arabic "Azzaouaq". This appellative designates an intelligent individual with a lively and subtle mind.

This name is found in the old Spanish documents under the script of ABENAZOGUE and ABEAZOGUE.

Abraham ABENAZOGUE, potter in Toledo in the fifteenth century. Baer II, 390. 2. Yucef ABENAZOGUE, shoemaker, son of Don Elias, resident of Santaolalla, figure as heir of Abraham ABENAZOGUE (1) and as owner in the inventory of Jewish property erected in Toledo in 1494, after expulsion. Baer II, 390. 3. Yehudah AZOGUE, is the subject of a lawsuit about the Hazaqah from a Sale shop in the 18th century. Ben Malca, 83.

EN FRANCAIS:

AZOGUI

Nom patronymique generalement considere comme d'origine espagnole, alteration de azogue, le mercure, et au figure, trait de caractere: l'homme vif, ou fuyant qu'il eu impossible d'attrapper - comme le mercure. C'est la tradition admise dans la famille et d'ailleurs, a Tanger, ils se faisaient appeler Azogue et non Azogui. On peut trouver un debut de confirmation a cette explication dans le fait que le nom est atteste en Espagne des le XVeme siecle. Il est, en effe4t, notamment mentionne dans un document datant de 1458, citant Abraham Abenazogue et son fils Yossef habitant a Tolede. Sans contredire cette explication, il est possible de penser que le nom est encore plus ancien, peut-etre apporte avec eux par des Juifs marocains installes au Moyen Age en Espagne. La terminaison en indiqutn generalement une origine, il est possible que Azogui soit l'ethnique de Azog, l'habitant d'Azog. Au Moyen Ae, Azog ou Azok etait dans le Tafilalet, aud sude de la capitale Sijilmass, une des etapes de la route des cavanes menant du Sahara a la Mediteranee, abritant une imporante communaute juive, jusqu'a son declin et sa disparition. D'ailleurs, une des familles Cohen du Maroc, pour se distinguer des autres, a ajoute a son patronyme sa locality d'origine: les Cohen-Azogue, voir par example, rabbi Pinhas Hacohen Azog, le saint patron de la communaute deMarrakech. La troisieme explication, faisant appel a une origine hebraique, ne vaut d'etre citee que pour la seductio nde sa recherche: a l'instar d'Azoulay (voir Azoulay), Azogue serait forme des intials du commandment interdisant aux Cohanim les mesalliances matrimoniales: "Aicha Zona Ou Groucha (lo) Ikahou, une femme non-vierge ou divorcee, il ne prendront pas ... " De patronume ne figure pas, bizarrement, sur la liste des noms courant au Maroc au XVIeme siecle etablie par rabbi Yaacob Toledano dans son histoire des Juifs au Maroc "Ne rare, porte uniquement au Maroc, a Meknes, Rabat et Tanger.

IN ENGLISH:

Patronymic name generally considered as of Spanish origin, alteration of azogue, the mercury, and in the figure, character trait: the alive man, or fleet, impossible to catch - like mercury. It is the accepted tradition in the family and besides, in Tangier, they called themselves Azogue and not Azogui. One can find a beginning of confirmation to this explanation in the fact that the name is attested in Spain of the XV century. It is, indeed, mentioned in a document dating from 1458, citing Abraham Abenazogue and his son Yossef living in Toledo. Without contradicting this explanation, it is possible to think that the name is even older, perhaps brought with them by Moroccan Jews settled in the Middle Ages in Spain. The termination usually indicates an origin, it is possible that Azogui is the ethnic Azog, the inhabitant of Azog. In the Middle Ages, Azog or Azok was in the Tafilalt, to the south of the capital Sijilmass, one of the stages of the caravan route from the Sahara to the Mediterranean, housing an important Jewish community, until its decline and disappearance. Moreover, one of the Cohen families of Morocco, to distinguish itself from others, added to his surname his locality of origin: the Cohen-Azogue, see for example, Rabbi Pinhas Hacohen Azog, the patron saint of the community of Marrakech. The third explanation, appealing to a Hebraic origin, is worth being quoted only for the seduction of its research: like Azoulay (see Azoulay), Azogue forms the intials of the commandment forbidding the Cohanim certain matrimonial alliances: "Aicha Zona Ou Groucha (lo) Ikahou, a non-virgin or divorced woman, he will not take ..." This patronym does not appear, oddly, on the list of names in Morocco in the 16th century established by Rabbi Yaacob Toledano in his history of Jews in Morocco, "Ner Hamaarab". Other forms: Azogue, Benazogue. In the 20th century, an extremely rare name, unique to Morocco, Meknes, Rabat, and Tangier.