Deal This interesting name is a variant of Dale which is a topographical name deriving from the Middle English 'dale' which traces its roots to the Old English term 'dael' or 'dweller in the valley'. Dale may also be habitational in origin, arising from any of the numerous locations called by this word; as seen in the names of such places as Dalwood (Dorset), Dalham (Kent) and Dawley (Worcestershire). The variant 'Deal' comes from the Kentish form 'del' and is also the name of a place in Kent. Among the sample recordings in London are the marriage of William Deal and Elizabeth Snell on May 12th 1667 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, and the christening of James, son of William and Elizabeth Deal, on July 1st 1692 at St. Giles, Cripplegate. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William en le Dale, which was dated 1318, in the Sheffield Manoral Records, during the reign of King Edward 11, known as 'Edward of Caernafon', 1307 - 1327. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
The Ancient History of the Distinguished Surname Deal
The history of the most ancient Anglo/Saxon surname of Deal reaches far into the chronicles of the Saxon Race. The Saxon Chronicle, compiled by monks in the 10th century, now reposes in the British Museum. History researchers have examined reproductions of such ancient manuscripts as the Domesday Book (1086), the Ragman Rolls (1291-1296), the Curia Regis Rolls, The Pipe Rolls, the Hearth Rolls, parish registers, baptismals, tax records and other ancient documents. They found the first record of the name Deal in Kent where they were seated from ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke Willia at Hastings in 1066 A.D. Different spellings were encountered in the research of your surname. Throughout the centuries your name, Deal, occurred in many records, manuscripts and documents but not always with your exact spelling From time to time the surname included the spellings Deal, Deale, Dealey, Dealy, Deel, and variations in spelling, frequently occurred even between father and son. Scribes and church officials, often traveling great distances, even from other countries, frequently spelt the names phonetically. As a result the game person would be recorded differently on birth, baptismal, marriage and death certificates as well as the other numerous records recording life's events. The Saxon race gave birth to many English surnames not the least of which was the surname Deal. The Saxons were invited into England by the ancient Britons of the 44th century. A fair skinned people their home was the Rhine valley, some as far north east as Denmark. They were led by two brothers, General/commanders, Hengist and Horsa. The Saxons settled in the country of Kent, on the South east coast of England Gradually they spread north and westward, and during the next four hundred years forced the Ancient Britons back into Wales and Cornwall in the West, and Cumberland to the North. The Angles occupied the eastern coast, the south Folk in Suffolk, north folk in Norfolk. Under Saxon rule England prospered under a series of High Kings, the last of which was, Harold. In 1066, the Normans, invaded from France and were victorious at the battle of Hastings. In 1070, Duke William took an army of 40,000 north and wasted the northern countries, Forcing many rebellious Norman nobles and Saxons to flee over the border into Scotland. Meanwhile, the Saxons who remained in the South were not treated well under hostile Norman rule, and they also moved northward to the midlands, Lancashire and Yorkshire away from the Norman oppression. Nevertheless, this notable English family name, Deal emerged as an influential name in the country of Kent where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated at Deal with manor and estates in that shire. This Kentish name flourished for several centuries in the country of Kent and became one of the group of families known as the "Men of Kent." They also acquired the manor and estates at Feversham. They intermarried with many of the distinguished families of this country. Notable amongst the family at this, time was Sir Richard Deal. The surname Deal nourished during the turbulent middle ages contributing greatly to the cultural development of England During the 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th century England was ravaged by plagues, famine, and religious conflict. Protestantism, the newly found political fervour of Cromwellianism and democratic government, and the remnants of the Roman Church rejected all non believers, each jealously claiming adherent to their own cause. The changing rule caused burnings, hangings and banishments of all sects and creeds, first one then another. Many families were freely "encouraged" to migrate to Ireland, or to the "colonies,". Some were rewarded With grants of lands, others were banished. Some families were forced to migrate to Ireland where they became known at, the "Adventurers for land in Ireland." Protestant settlers "undertook" to keep their faith, being granted lands previously owned by the Catholic Irish. There is no evidence that the family name migrated to Ireland, but this does not preclude the possibility of their scattered migration to that country. The New World offered better opportunities and some migrated voluntarily; some were banished mostly for religious reasons. Some left Ireland disillusioned with promises unfulfilled, but many left directly from England, their home territories. Some also moved to the European continent. Members of the family name Deal sailed aboard the huge armada of three masted sailing ships known as the "White Sails," which plied the stormy Atlantic. These overcrowded ships such as the Hector, the Dove and the Pambler, were pestilence ridden, sometime 30 to 40% of the passenger list never reaching their destination, their numbers reduced by dysentery, cholera, small pox and typhoid. Amongst the first settlers in North America, which could be considered a kinsman of the surname Deal or a variable spelling of that family name was Jeremy Deale who was one of the original settlers of Virginia in 1606 before the "Mayflower; William Deale settled in Barbados in 1685; Oliver Deal settled in Charles Town S.C. in 1767; Mary Deal settled in Maryland in 1739; Alexander, Casper, Daniel, George, James, John, Jeremiah, Samuel Deal, all settled in Philadelphia between 1750 and 1800. From the port of entry many settlers made their way west, joining the wagon trains to the prairies or to the west coast During the American War of Independence, many loyalists made their way north to Canada about 1790, and became known as the United Empire Loyalist. Contemporary notables, of this surname, Deal, include many distinguished contributors; and the family name continued to make an Important contribution to the political and cultural life of the societies on both sides of the Atlantic.
During the course of our research we also determined the many Coat of Arms granted to different branches of the family name. The most ancient grant of a Coat of Arms was; Red with three silver bars and in a square at top left a triple towered castle. The Crest is; A snake.