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Garrigues Genealogy and Garrigues Family History Information

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About the Garrigues surname

ORIGIN OF THE NAME

Dictionnaire Etymologique, edited by Oscar Bloch, second edition edited by W. von Wartburg, Presses Universitaire de France, 108 Blvd. St. German, Paris, 1950, states about the word Garrigue:

GARRIGUE, 1546 (Rab.). Ne s'applique qu'à des terres du Midi. Empr. du prov. garriga équivalent de l'a. fr. jarriie. Ce mot, de même famille, que l'a. fr. jarris, sorte d'arbre, a. pr. et cat. garric <<sorte de chêne>>, esp. carrasca, se rattache sans doute á la famille de gascon carroc <<rocher>>, suisse all. Karren <<rochers calcaires crevassés à fleur du sol>> (cette esp. du chêne poussant surtout sur un sol pierreux). Ce groupe de mots peut être ramené à un type *carra <<pierre>>, qui est sans doute resté d'une langue prélatine, à juger d'après son extension géographique même préceltique, mais que le gaulois et le latin ont incorporé à leur vocabulaire et transmis au romain.

Rough translation:

Garrigues, 1546. Is used only in the lands of the Midi (southern France). Taken from the Provencal word garriga, equivalent to the Old French jarrie. This word, from the same family as the Old French jarris, a kind of tree, from Old Provencal and Catalonian garric, a kind of oak, especially carrasca, probably related to the Gascon family carroc (rock), the Swiss-German Karren, cracked limestone on the surface of the earth (this kind of oak generally growing in rocky soil). This group of words could be related to a classification, carra, or stone, which has probably remained from a pre-Latin language, to judge by its broad geographic distribution, even pre-Celtic, but which the Gallic and Latin languages incorporated in their vocabulary and transmitted to the Roman.

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Origine des noms patronymiques français, edited by Paul Chapuy, Dorbon-Ainé, 19, boulevard Haussman, 19, Paris, states that:

There are four family names stemming from the root Garriciae, which means "terres incultes (formes mériidionnales)," or, in English, "uncultivated lands (southern areas [of France])." These family names are Garrigue, Garrous, Garrigous and Carroux.

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In Saint-Palage, Dictionnaire historique de l'ancien français, (page 371) we have:

Gsrrigues est le nom d'une noble famille de Castres en Languedoc, descendue conjointement avec celle des messieurs de Madiane de noble Bouffard seigneur de la Grange, homme non moins versé dans les langues, que dans le mestier de la guerre et dans la politique. (Borel.)

Or, roughly:

Garrigues is the name of a noble family of Castres in Languedoc, descended jointly with that of the Madiane gentlemen from the noble Bouffard, lord of the Grange (literally, Barn), a man not only versed in languages but also in the mastery of war and politics.