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??? bint Salūl b. Ṣaʿṣaʿa al-Hawāzin (al-Hawāzin) MP (deceased)

Salūl, the name of two tribal groups in northern Arabia: a branch of Ḵh̲uzāʿa [q.v.] and a branch of the so-called Northern Arabian federation Ḳays ʿAylān [q.v.], more precisely, the Hawāzin [q.v.]1. T...

Ali Mauladaraq . Imam Sayyid Alawi Al-Ghuyur Muhammad Fakeh Al-Muqaddam Ali MP (deceased)

2nd wife ibn Yachya HaZaken MP (c.1265 - aft.1265)

Aaron "Harun ben Khalaf ibn Tanab MP (c.960 - d.)

Aaron II ben Benjamin, of Khazaria MP (deceased)

Aaron ll Wikipedia=Aaron II=A Khazar ruler during the early 10th century CE, Aaron ben Benjamin was the son of the Khazar king Benjamin. Whether Aaron, like the rest of the Bulanids, was a Khagan or a ...

Aaron I ben Nisi, Khagan of Khazaria MP (c.900 - d.)

Aaron l Wikipedia=Aaron I= Aaron ben Nisi was a Turkic Jewish ruler of the Khazars mentioned in the Khazar Correspondence. He reigned around the year 900 CE. Little is known about his reign. As with ot...

Abba "Abbahu" bar Acha bar Sallah al-Kafri, resh metivta al-Kafri MP (c.85 - d.)

Abbad II (Abu Amr Abbad) al-Mutadid hajib de Sevilla MP (c.1015 - 1069)

II al-Mu'tadid (1042–1069), the son and successor of al-Qasim, became one of the most remarkable figures in Iberian Muslim history. He had a striking resemblance to the Italian princes of the later Mid...

'Abd al-'Aziz ibn Musa al-Bekir, valí de al-Andalus MP (c.680 - 717)

Abd al-Aziz ibn Musa ibn Nusair (en árabe, عبد العزيز بن موسى) fue el primer valí de Al-Ándalus, gobernando entre los años 714 al 716. Residió en Ishbiliya (Sevilla).Era hijo del Musa ibn Nusair, quien...

Imam Abd al -Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud Al Saud MP (b. - 1803)

Imam Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (Arabic: عبد العزيز بن محمد بن سعود ‎) was the second ruler of the First Saudi State and son of Muhammad bin Saud. He was also the son-in-law of Muhammad bin Abdul...

ʿAbd Allāh ben Muḥammad al-Manṣūriyya MP (c.969 - c.1052)

Abd' Allah (Abdullah) ibn Sabaʾ al-Yahudi ibn al-Ḥimyarī ibn al-Sawdā MP (c.650 - c.695)

Founder and creator of Shi'a Islam. All early Sunni and Shia sources are agreed and united that the founder of the Shia sect and its core doctrines is Abdullah bin Saba', the Yemeni Jew.A Jew of Yemen,...

Abd Allah al-Balansi ibn Abd ar-Rahman Bin Abd al-Rahman MP (deceased)

ABD ALLAH "al-Balansi". On his nephew's accession, he visited Charlemagne at Aachen to solicit support unsuccessfully. After attempting to establish himself at Huesca, he was forced southwards to Valen...

'Abd al-Malik I bin Marwân I bin al-Hakam MP (c.646 - 705)

5th Umayyad Caliph b. circa 646, d. October 705Father Marwân I ibn al-Hakam al-Qurayshi, 4th Umayyad Caliph1,2 b. 623, d. 685Mother 'A'isha bint Mu awiya ben al-Mughira 1 b. circa 630Of the Umayyad. 'A...

ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim MP (c.497 - 578)

ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Hāshim b. ʿAbd Manāf, Abū al-Ḥārith (d. 45 before hijra/578), was the paternal grandfather of the Prophet Muḥammad. Some sources indicate that his original name, Shayba, was embelli...

Prince Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hakam MP (deceased)

Abderramán I (Abd al-Rahman) al-Dajil ibn Muawiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik, emir de Córdoba MP (731 - 788)

Abd al-Rahmân I al-Dâkhil ibn Mu'âwiya, Amir al-Qurtubi b. 731, d. 788Father Mu awiya ibn Hishâm al-Dimashqi1,2 b. 715, d. 736Mother Raha the Berber1 b. circa 716'Abd al-Rahmân I al-Dâkhil ibn Mu'âwiya...

Caliph 'Abd ar-Rahmân III al-Nasir bin ibn Muhammad, emir of Córdoba MP (889 - 961)

III (Abd al-Rahmān ibn Muhammad ibn Abd Allāh; Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثالث‎; 11 January 889/91[14] – 15 October 961) was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Ummayad dynasty in al-Andalus. Cal...

Ibn Saud MP (1875 - 1953)

Abdulaziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al Saud (Arabic: عبد العزيز بن عبد الرحمن آل سعود‎, Abd al-'Azīz ibn 'Abd ar-Raḥman Āl Sa'ūd; 15 January 1875–1953), usually kn...

His Highness Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi MP (b. - c.732)

Notes: Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (died 732 A. D.; Arabic: عبد الرحمن الغافقي‎‎), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, unsuccessfully led the Andalusian Muslims into bat...

Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmat Syah [Sultan Johor ke-12 1723-1746 & Sultan Siak Pertama 1723-1746] MP (b. - 1746)

Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmat Syah (Raja Kechil) (Sultan Johor-Riau ke12; 1718-21; Sultan Siak pertama; 1725-46). 1723 - 1740 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'l Jalil Rahmad Shah Zilu'llah fil'Alam Khalifat ul...

King Abdullah, 6th Of Saudi Arabia MP (1924 - 2015)

King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (Arabic: عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎) Full name King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Bin Turki Bin Abdullah Bin Muh...

Abdullah II bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan MP

Amman, Jordan

Abdullah II of Jordan - Wikipedia.* King Abdullah II Official Website. Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: الملك عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين‎ , al-Malik ʿAbdullāh aṯ-ṯānī bin al-Ḥusayn; born 30 January 1...

Emir Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi, 3º califa de Córdoba MP (843 - 912)

Abdullah ibn Muhammad (عبد الله بن محمد), (January 11, 844 - October 15, 912) of the Umayyad dynasty, was the seventh Emir of Córdoba, reigning from 888 to 912 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).[sourc...

Abdullah Morsi MP (1994 - 2019)

Abdullah Mohamed Mohamed Morsi al-Ayyat (Arabic: عبد الله محمد محمد مرسى العياط; 3 September 1994 – 4 September 2019) was the son of Mohamed Morsi, who was the first President of Egypt to be elected ...

Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib MP (c.545 - 570)

‘Abdullah: The father of Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]. His mother was Fatimah, daughter of ‘Amr bin ‘A’idh bin ‘Imran bin Makhzum bin Yaqdha bin Murra. ‘Abdullah was the smartest of ‘Abdul-Muttalib’s sons, ...

Prince Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud MP (1850 - 1928)

bin Faisal (1850-1928) (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن فيصل‎) was the youngest son of Faisal bin Turki. He was the father of King Abdul-Aziz, who founded the modern nation of Saudi Arabia. Abdul-Rahman was also...

Abd Manaf MP (c.446 - c.500)

‘Abdu Manāf ibn Quṣayy (Arabic: عبد مناف بن قصي‎) was a Quraishi and great-great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Ali. His father was Quṣayy ibn Kilāb.‘Abdu Manāf married a woman named A...

Abdurrahman Al Asseqaf MP (b. - c.1416)

Dari Kalam Habib As-Syekh Abdurrahman AsseggafKekeramatan beliau yang lain adalah beliau sering kali mengabarkan kejadian-kejadian yang akan datang, seperti diriwayatkan dari kisah-kisah berikut. Belia...

Abraham ben Judah Ibn Ezra MP (c.1090 - 1125)

Also mentioned in Abarbanel Family Scroll – undated handwritten manuscript from the collection of the late Rabbi Shmuel Gorr, held by Chaim Freedman.Reference was made to “Elef Margaliot” 1993, Meir Wu...

Abraham ben Me'ir ibn Ezra MP (c.980 - d.)

Abraham ben Meir Ibn Ezra (Hebrew: אַבְרָהָם אִבְּן עֶזְרָא or ראב"ע‎; Arabic: ابن عزرا‎; also known as Abenezra or Aben Ezra, 1089–c.1167 [1][2]) was one of the most distinguished Jewish biblical comm...

Abraham ibn Ya'ish (bin Ya'ish) MP (c.1280 - d.)

Abraham ibn Yachya MP (deceased)

Abraham ibn Yahya of Sofia MP (c.1500 - d.)

Reference: "Divrei ha-Yamim le-Bnei Yahya,( דברי הימים לבני יחייא )", by Eliakim Carmoly, Printed in Frankfort am Main/Rodelheim, Published by: Isak Kaufman, 1850. Genealogy of, and biographical work o...

Abraham ben Shmuel ibn Hasday (haLevi) MP (1175 - d.)

Abraham ben Samuel ha-Levi ibn Ḥasday lived in Barcelona during the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries and was a translator from Arabic to Hebrew, a poet, and an active partisan of Maimonides....

Abraham Nathan ben Peraḥyā Ya'ishu al-Ishu, Radhani MP (c.1075 - d.)

Ben Yijū, AbrahamUnquestionably one of the most colorful figures to be illuminated by documents from the Cairo Geniza—and in Goitein’s estimation (Letters, p. 186) “the most important single figure” of...

Abram ibn Yachya MP (deceased)

Abram Yakob ibn Yachya MP (deceased)

Abu Abdullah "Hanemel" ben Nehemiah II (ibn Abi' l-Huqayq al-Nadir), 36th Exilarch Shallum al-Farsi MP (c.594 - c.657)

According to Zev Golan, Hanemel was sold as a slave. He accepted the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and became Prophet Muhammad's top Wazir named Solomon al-Farsi.Solomon al-Farsi led an army of...

al-Hakam II, Caliph of Córdoba MP (915 - 976)

Al-Hakam II (al-Ḥakam II ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān III; Arabic: الحكم الثاني‎) (January 13, 915 – October 16, 976) was the second Caliph of Cordoba, in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia), and son of Abd-ar-rahman II...

ʾAbū al-Faraj Hārūn ben Jeshua ibn Faraj (Qara'im) MP (c.1020 - d.)

ʾAbū al-Faraj Hārūn ibn Faraj was a Karaite grammarian of Hebrew who lived in Jerusalem in the first half of the eleventh century. He was attached to the Karaite college (Ar. dār lil-ʿilm) founded by h...

Abū ‘Alī Ḥasan 'Japheth' Ibn Bundār, Peqid haSoḥerim ‘Adan wa-’l-Hind MP (c.1060 - d.)

Ibn Bundār, Ḥasan , Abū ‘Alī (Japheth)Abū ‘Alī Ḥasan (Japheth) ibn Bundār, in the second half of the eleventh century and the beginning of the twelfth, was the “representative/trustee of the merchants”...

Abū al-Khayr Mūsā ben Barhūn al-Tāhertī, ḥaver al-Palestine Yeshiva MP (c.972 - c.1056)

Abū al-Khayr Mūsā ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī (ibn Ismāʿīl al-Tāhertī) MP (c.1020 - d.)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abū al-Ya'ish Mujāhid al-Muwaffaq, Emir al-Denia MP (c.995 - c.1046)

DeniaThe independent taifa kingdom of Denia (Ar. Dāniya) in the first half of the eleventh century incorporated the Balearic Islands (Ar. al-Jazāʾir) and was founded by the Slavic taifa king Abū al-Jay...

Abū ʿAmr Yosef ben Yaqub Ibn Ṣaddīq (Kohen Ṣedeq), Dayyan al-Qurtubi MP (c.1075 - c.1149)

The poet, philosopher, and distinguished talmudist Joseph Ibn Ṣaddīq was born around 1075, probably in Cordova. According to the Sefer ha-Qabbala by Abraham Ibn Daʾud, he was a dayyan in the rabbinical...

Abū ʿAmr Yosef ben Me’ir ibn Migash (Ibn al-Muhājir), Rosh Yeshiva al-Lucena MP (c.1077 - 1141)

Joseph ha-Levi ben Me’ir ibn Migash (1077– 1141), the successor to Isaac al-Fāsī (the Rif) as head of the yeshiva in Lucena, the center of talmudic learning in al-Andalus, was born in Seville. At the a...

Abū ʿAmr Yosef ben Ya'akub ibn Sahl MP (c.1030 - c.1113)

Ibn Sahl, Joseph (Abū ʿAmr) ben JacobIn his Kitāb al-Muḥāḍara wa-l-Mudhākara, Moses ibn Ezra mentions Abū ʿAmr ibn Sahl as one of Solomon ibn Ghiyyāth's most prominent students in Lucena and indicates ...

haRoffe Abū Ayyūb "Suleiman" ibn al-Muʿallim al-Yahūdī MP (c.1055 - c.1106)

In his Treatise on Asthma (102–105), Moses Maimonides mentions that Abū Ayyūb ibn al-Muʿallim from Seville, known as the Israelite (al-Yahūdī), was one of the four physicians at the court of the Almora...

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yaʿīs̲h̲ al-Asadī, Nasi,Qadi,Vizier-Sevilla MP (1031 - 1086)

This man, who was Qadi of Toledo for a short period, I dually identify with the vizier of the Abbadids Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn ʿAmmār. Historians suggest that ibn Ammar was born in Silves, Portugal, whil...

Abū Bakr Yaʿīs̲h̲ ben Muhammad ibn Yaʿīs̲h̲, haNasi, Qadi of Toledo MP (deceased)

Abu Baqr ibn Yaḥyā, II MP (deceased)

Bakr Ben YahiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaBakr Ben Yahia II was an important Mozarab (Iberian Christian living under Muslim domination) figure in Medieval Portugal.Bakr Ben Yahia II was the so...

Abu Baqr ibn Yaḥyā, I MP (1151 - 1227)

Bakr Ben Yahia IFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaBakr Ben Yahia I was possibly a son of Yahia Ben Yahi III and the father of Yahia Ben Bakr. He was, apparently, the first of his branch of the famil...

Abū Faḍl Ṣāliḥ ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī (ibn Ismāʿīl al-Tāhertī) MP (c.1015 - d.)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abū G̲h̲abs̲h̲ān al-Muḥtaris̲h̲ bin Hulail al-Ḵh̲uzāʿa MP (deceased)

Abū G̲h̲abs̲h̲ān al-Muḥtaris̲h̲ b. Hulail b. Salūl, sold the key of the temple to Ḳuṣaiy b. Kināna, through whom the custodianship came down to the tribe of Ḳurais̲h̲, for a skin of wine. This tribe wa...

Abū Harūn Moses Ibn Abī ʾl-ʿAysh (HaNasi), Qadi al-calat al-Yahud al-Zaragoza MP (c.1049 - c.1120)

bn Abī ʾl-ʿAysh, Moses (Abū Harūn)Almost nothing is known about the poet Moses ibn Abī ʾl-ʿAysh. The only reference to him is made by Moses ibn Ezra in the Kitāb al-Muḥāḍara wa ʾl-Mudhākara (ed. Halkin...

Abū Hārūn Mōs̲h̲ē ben Yaʿḳōb ibn ʿEzra, (ibn Ezra) MP (deceased)

Chronologically, Moses (Abū Har­ūn) ibn Ezra (d. after 1138) was the third of the four most artistically distinguished Hebrew poets of the Andalusian Golden Age of Jewish culture. Born early in the sec...

Abu Ibrahaim Yitzhak ben Yaʿḳōb ibn Ezra MP (c.1045 - d.)

Born around 1045, Isaac (Abū Ibrāhῑm) ibn Ezra was the older brother of Moses ibn Ezra . He lived in Granada quite probably until the arrival of the Almoravids in 1090, when he had to leave for Lucena....

Abū Ibrāhīm Ishaq Ibn Qusṭar ibn Yashūsh, haRoffe al-Denia MP (c.982 - 1056)

Ibn Yashūsh, Isaac (Abū Ibrāhīm) Ibn QasṭārBorn in Toledo around 982, Abū Ibrāhīm Isaac ibn Yashūsh died in the same city in 1056. He was a court physician in the service of ʿAlī ibn Mujāhid and his so...

Abū Ibrāhīm Ismāʿīl ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī, ḥemdat ha-yeshiva MP (c.1008 - d.)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Yosef ben Shmuel HaLevi HaNagid MP (c.970 - d.)

Abū Isḥāq Barhūn ibn Isḥāq al-Tāhertī (ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī) MP (deceased)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abraham ibn Da'ud haLevi, Rabad I MP (c.1110 - c.1180)

Abraham ben David Halevi ibn Daud , (born c. 1110, Toledo, Castile—died c. 1180, Toledo), physician and historian who was the first Jewish philosopher to draw on Aristotle’s writings in a systematic fa...

Abu Isḥāq Ibrahim Sahl ibn al-Nag'hdīlah ibn Ata al-yahūdī, haRoffe al-Galut 'Mar Sahl' MP (c.965 - 1053)

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm Ibn ʿAṭāʾ (Abraham ben Nathan) was leader of Qayrawan Jewry in the first third of the eleventh century. He was a member of a wealthy elite that included the Ben Berekhiah, Tahertī, an...

Abu Karib Tubba Shamir Yahri'sh Dhu al-Janah (Himyarite) MP (460 - 517)

Tubbaʿ“The people of Tubbaʿ” ( qawm tubbaʿ), an extinct community mentioned twice in the Qurʾān. Among other pre-Islamic groups, they were punished because they refused to believe God or obey God's pro...

"Abū Lahab" ʿAbd al-ʿUzzā bin Imaam 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib MP (549 - c.624)

Abū Lahab, ʿAbd al-ʿUzzā b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Hāshim b. ʿAbd ManāfAbū Lahab, ʿAbd al-ʿUzzā b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Hāshim b. ʿAbd Manāf (d. 2/623), was the Prophet Muḥammad's uncle and one of his stau...

Abu ’l-Farad̲j̲ Yaʿḳūb ben Yusuf ibn Killis, al-ad̲j̲all 1st Fāṭimid Wazīr of Al-ʿAzīz MP (c.935 - c.991)

Fāṭimid vizier of the caliph al-ʿAzīz [q.v.]. He was by origin a Jew, born in Bag̲h̲dād in 318/930. He went with his father to Syria and settled at Ramla, becoming an agent for various merchants; but, ...

Abū ʾl-Faraj Furqān "Yeshua" ben Yehudah ibn Asad (Qara'im) MP (c.995 - c.1070)

Jeshua ben Judah (also known as Abū ʾl-Faraj Furqān ibn Asad) was one of the most renowned Karaite scholars in eleventh-century Jerusalem. An outstanding Karaite philosopher and Bible exegete who flour...

Abū ʾl-Faraj Nissim ibn Ishaq al-Tāhertī (ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī) MP (deceased)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abul-Fat'h al-Mansur ibn Yusif Buluggin, 2nd Zirid Emir al-Ifriqiya MP (b. - 995)

al-Mansûr ibn Buluggin (Arabic: المنصور بن بلوجن) (died 995) was the second ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya (984–995). Al-Mansur succeeded his father Buluggin ibn Ziri (972–984) in Ifriqiya. Despite fu...

Abul-Futuh Sayf ad-Dawla Yusif Bologhine ibn Ziri, 1st Zirid Emir & al-Wazir al-Ṣanhājah MP (c.955 - c.984)

Abu ’l-Hasan ʿAlī ben al-Sh̲aybānī al-Kātib al-Mag̲h̲ribī al-Qayrawānī Ibn Abi ’l-Rid̲j̲āl MP (c.968 - c.1049)

abu ’l-ḥasan ʿalī al-s̲h̲aybānī al-kātib al-mag̲h̲ribī al-ḳayrawānī , was the tutor and astrologer of the Zīrid prince, al-Muʿizz b. Bādīs (407-54/1016-62), who held his court at Ḳayrawān till 449/1057...

Abu ʾl-Ḥasan ‘Alī "Eli" ibn Sulaymān al-Muqaddasī (Qara'im) MP (c.1077 - c.1130)

‘Alī ibn Sulaymān, whose full Arabic name is attested as Abu ʾl-Ḥasan ‘Alī ibn Sulaymān al-Muqaddasī—or, as otherwise attested in Hebrew (cf. Skoss, Commentary, p. 34; Mann, p. 41; Ibn al-Hītī, p. 435,...

Abū ’l Ḥasan Ismai'il Ibrahim ben Me'ir ibn Qamni’el, haRoffe al-Maraqesh MP (c.1090 - c.1143)

Aghamat and Marakesh 1106-1142 CEAghamat, the old capital of the Mourabitoun stood proud at the foot of the High Atlas Mountains, a day's walk South East of Marrakech. Jews lived in Aghamat since an an...

Abū ʾl-Ḥasan Labrat Da'ud Ibn Sughmār, haDayyan al-Mahdiyya, Tunisia MP (c.1052 - d.)

Ibn Sughmār FamilyThe Ibn Sughmārs were a prominent Maghrebi family of merchants and scholars whose activities from the 1040s to the 1090s are attested by several letters preserved in the Cairo Geniza....

Abū ’l Ḥasan Me'ir Ibn Qamni’el (Ibn Abī ʾl-ʿAysh), haRoffe al-Maraqesh MP (c.1051 - 1106)

Me’ir (Abū ’l Ḥasan) ibn Qamni’el, born in Saragossa, belonged to one of the foremost Jewish families of Seville. What little information there is about his life comes largely from poems dedicated to h...

Abu 'l-Hasan Sa'id ibn Hibat Allah al-Baghdādī al-Baladī, haRoffe MP (deceased)

He was the physician of Salaḥ al-Din (Saladin) and, after the death of the latter, of his brother Al-Malik al-'Adil. Ibn Abi Uṣaibi'ah, in his biographies of the Arabic physicians, speaks highly of Abu...

Abū ʾl-Surūr Perahya ben ben Yosef ibn ʿAwkal MP (deceased)

Averroes, Qadi al-Qurtubi & al-Sebilla MP (c.1126 - c.1198)

Abu ’l-walīd muḥammad b. aḥmad b. muḥammad b. rus̲h̲d, al-ḥafīd ( the grandson ), the “Commentator of Aristotle”, famous in the Mediaeval West under the name of Averroes, scholar of the Ḳurʾānic scienc...

Abū ʾl-Walīd "Yonah" Ibn Ḥasday ha-Levi MP (c.917 - d.)

Jonah (Abū ʾl-Walīd) ibn Ḥasday ha-Levi was a grammarian and poet in Lucena from the end of the tenth century through the early part of the eleventh. We know of him from later quotations. According to ...

Abū Manṣūr Mevorakh ben Samuel al-Barqūlī, Neʾeman haMalkhut MP (deceased)

Members of two generations of the Ibn al-Barqūlī family are mentioned in several letters from the Cairo Geniza (all composed during the first decade of the thirteenth century), as well as in the poetry...

Abū Muḥammad ʿAbdallāh Ibn Rus̲h̲d, Qadi MP (deceased)

Abū Muḥammad ʿAbdallāh Ibn Rushd (sixth-seventh/twelfth-thirteenth centuries) was one of the sons of the famous philosopher Ibn Rushd (d. 595/1198), known in the West as Averroes. According to the meag...

Abu Musa Levi bar Ishaq ibn Mar Sahl MP (c.989 - 1013)

Ibn Mar Saul, Levi ben IsaacAccording to Moses ibn Ezra (Kitāb al-Muḥāḍara wa ʾl-Mudhākara; Halkin ed., p. 66), Levi ben Isaac ibn Mar Saul was a native of Cordova, where he seems to have lived until 1...

Abu Nasir al-Fatah al-Mamun, emir de Córdoba MP (c.1068 - 1090)

- 2. ABU NASIR al-Fatah al-Mamun (-killed in battle Castle of Almodovar 26 Mar 1090). Abd el-Wahid Merrakechi records that "Motamid" appointed "son fils aîné Abbad surnommé Mamoun" as governor of Cór...

Abū Naṣr Samawʾal ibn Yaḥyā al-Mag̲h̲ribī al-Lawī, Apostate MP (c.1126 - c.1175)

Abū Naṣr Samawʾal b. Yaḥyā al-Mag̲h̲ribī (?520-70/?1126-75)Prominent physician and mathematician who lived and practiced among the notables of Syria, ʿIrāḳ, Kurdistān and Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān. Born and rai...

Rabbi Yehiel Hilel Gaon II MP (c.1060 - c.1080)

"In 1066, when his father, Jehoseph HaNagid, was assassinated and a riot broke out against the Granadan Jewish community, his widow, Rahel, and his son Abū Naṣr Azariah, who was a child at the time, fl...

Abū Naṣr Yosef ben Mevorakh (Mubārak) al-Barqūlī, haSar haNikhbad MP (deceased)

Members of two generations of the Ibn al-Barqūlī family are mentioned in several letters from the Cairo Geniza (all composed during the first decade of the thirteenth century), as well as in the poetry...

Abū Sahl ʿAṭāʾ ibn Ishaq al-Tāhertī (ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī) MP (b. - c.1062)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abu Sa'id Yaḥyā Nissim ben Nahray Ibn al-Majjānī MP (c.1056 - d.)

Ibn al-Majjānī FamilyThe Ibn al-Majjānī family, known from documentary sources in the Cairo Geniza, were active in Mediterranean trade during the first half of the eleventh century. The earliest member...

Abū Saʿīd Yūsuf ibn Musa al-Tāhertī (ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī) MP (b. - c.1062)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abu Salama ibn Qasi MP (deceased)

Abū Sulaymān David ben Sa'adya ben ha-Ger (= Ibn Muhājir) (Ibn Muhājir) MP (c.1025 - d.)

Abū Sulaymān (David?) ibn Muhājir was a member of the illustrious Ibn Muhājir family of Seville, linked to this city at least from the middle of the eleventh century. In the Romance language, his famil...

Abū Surūr Isḥāq ibn Barhūn al-Tāhertī MP (c.1017 - d.)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abū Surūr Isḥāq Barhūn ben Mūsā al-Tāhertī ḥaver MP (c.1010 - 1062)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abū Surūr Isḥāq Barhūn ben Musa al-Tāhertī, ḥaver al-Palestine Yeshiva MP (deceased)

Tāhertī FamilyThe Tāhertīs were a Maghrebī merchant family active in the period from 1010 to 1075. Together with the houses of Ibn ʿAwkal, al-Tustarī, and Nahray ben Nissim, the Tāhertīs were, in terms...

Abū Ṭālib ibn ‘Abd al-Muṭṭalib MP (535 - 619)

Abû Tâlib ibn Abd al-Muttalib ا chef du clan de Bani Hashem de la tribu des Qurayshi ابو طالب بن عبدالمطلباAbū Ṭālib (ʿImrān) b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib (d. ten years after the advent of Islam, December 619 o...

Abü Tawr ibn Qasi, valí de Huesca MP (deceased)

Leadership of the Banu QasiThe following men are the documented leaders of the Banu Qasi (entried in italics are of uncertain affiliation to the family):Cassius, fl. 714Abu Taur, Wali of Huesca, fl. 77...

Isaac Israeli haZaken, haRoffe MP (c.835 - c.955)

Abū Yaʿḳūb Isḥāḳ b. Sulaymān al-Isrā-ʾīlī, abū yaʿḳūb (ca. 243/855 - ca. 343/955), physician, médical writer and philosopher, was born in Egypt and appointed court physician by ʿUbayd Allāh al-Mahdī af...

Abu Yaqub Ishaq bar Levi ibn Mar Sahl MP (c.1021 - c.1070)

Ibn Mar Saul, Isaac bar LeviIn his Kitāb al-Muḥāḍara wa-ʾl-Mudhākara (31), Moses ibn Ezra mentions Isaac ibn Mar Saul (late 10th-11th century) as a prominent member of the second generation of Andalusi...

Abu Yosef Yakob ben Amram ibn Mar Sahl al-Nag'hdīlah MP (c.990 - d.)