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Archaeologists - India

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  • Henry Cousens, Kaisir-i-Hind Medal (1854 - 1933)
    Born 1854 September 13th, Paisley, Scotland .=== (Source Baptism Certificate)=== Baptised 1854 September 24th, in Trinity Episcopal Church, Paisley, Scotland . ===* Father Henry Cousens- Private, Sappe...


Cousens, Henry (b. 13 Sep 1854; d. Tunbridge Wells, 1933).

Areas: India Notes:

  • Listed as having joined Archaeological Survey Department, 16 Nov 1881; in fact a letter written by James Burgess in 1883 indicates that he had worked for the survey since 1874;
  • After 1886 he supervised and trained Indian draughtsmen;
  • 'Toured Northern Gujarat in 1886-7 and 1889-90, surveying and photographing.
  • non-gazetted appointments until 1890;
  • Archaeological Surveyor, Western India, Poona, 1 10.1890;
  • Superintendent, Archaeological Survey, Bombay (Poona), 24.6.1891;
  • on deputation to Hyderabad State, 1 Dec 1894-31.8.1895;
  • Superintendent, Archaeological Survey, Bombay (Poona), 1.9.1895;
  • Superintendent, Archaeological Survey, Western Circle (Poona),11.2.1906;
  • officiating as Director General of Archaeology, Simla, 14.4.1906
  • Civil engineer.
  • Superintendent of the Archaeological Survey of India, Western Circles and photographed sites for the survey (particularly Gujarat).
  • retired 13.9.1910, after 'three months short of 35 years service.

The Museum Mumbai:

  • "The priceless artefacts from the Buddhist site of Mirpurkhas, excavated by renowned archaeologist Henry Cousens in 1909 are an important part of the Museum collection."
  • Henry was also a photographer, photographing many archaeological sites for his Archaeological Survey of India


  • photographer for the British Astronomical Society's Expedition to Jeur, India, to photograph the 22 January 1898 total Solar Eclipse - some of the earliest recorded images of a solar eclipse.