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Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada

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  • William Benjamin Robinson (1797 - 1873)
    William Benjamin Robinson (December 22, 1797 – July 18, 1873) was a fur trader and political figure in Upper Canada.He was born in Kingston in 1797, the son of Christopher Robinson and Esther Sayre, an...
  • Capt. John Matthews (b. - 1832)
  • Maj. Duncan McCall, Sr. (1769 - 1832)
    McCALL, DUNCAN, merchant, politician, jp, and militia officer; b. 18 Nov. 1769 in Basking Ridge, N.J., son of Donald (Donell) McCall (McColl) and Elsie Simpson; m. first Jemima Fairchild (d. 1798), and...
  • John Brown (1791 - 1842)
    Brown (1791 – January 28, 1842) was an Irish-born merchant and political figure in Upper Canada. He represented Durham in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada from 1830 to 1836 as a Conservative.A ...
  • Elias Moore (1776 - 1847)
    Moore (March 1, 1776–October 13, 1847) born into a Quaker family in New Jersey just after the American Revolution began, later became a Member of Parliament in Canada.His family was traumatised "by the...

The Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was the elected part of the legislature for the province of Upper Canada, functioning as the lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada. Its legislative power was subject to veto by the appointed Lieutenant Governor, Executive Council, and Legislative Council.

The first elections in Upper Canada, in which only land-owning males were permitted to vote, were held in August 1792. The first session of the Assembly's sixteen members occurred in Newark, Upper Canada on 17 September 1792. Shortly before the capital of Upper Canada was moved to York in 1796 the Assembly was dissolved and reconvened for twelve more sessions between 1797 to 1840 in modest buildings in the new capital. Members continued to be elected by land-owning males to represent counties and the larger towns.

During the War of 1812, American troops set fire to the buildings of the Assembly.