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Shochet (plural shochets, shochtim or shochetim).

From Hebrew שׁוֹחֵט‎ (shokhét, “slaughterer, ritual slaughterer, butcher”). sometimes mistakenly spelled; shoychet, shoichet.

A person certified under Jewish law to slaughter cattle and poultry.

Shochtim are essential to every Jewish community, so they earn elevated social status. In medieval ages, the shochtim were treated as second in social status, just underneath rabbis. Shochtim were respected for committing their time to studying and for their importance to their communities.