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  • Walter (Josef) Blum (1921 - 1944)
    Walter was baptized Catholic but converted to Judaism, presumably with the entry into the Jewish orphanage. He must have been a good student, because at age 13 he had his Bar Mitzwah on May 5, 1934 i...
  • Marianne Emrich (1915 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Emrich, Marianne geboren am 30. März 1915 in Frankfurt a. Main / - / Hessen - Nassau wohnhaft in Mühlacker Deportationsziel: ab Drancy 11. September 1942,...
  • Elise Besser (1881 - 1944)
    Watch for Cartas de Elise – uma história brasileira sobre o nazismo . letters written by Elise to her son between 1936 and 1941 and soon to be published in Brazil by Elise's great-grandson, Luís Ernest...
  • Benedict Lachmann (1878 - 1941)
    Benedict Lachmann wurde in die jüdische Familie von Wolff Lachmann und dessen Ehefrau Emma, geb. Meier, geboren. Er hatte vier Geschwister: Anna, Georg, Martha und Rosa.[1] Lachmann ging als junger Man...

Stolpersteine - Stumbling Blocks

Stumbling Blocks ('Stolpersteine' in German) have been installed in many countries in Europe.

Please refrain from adding profiles here. Add them to the appropriate child project and, if possible, add picture, precise location, date of installation and if available, media coverage (newspapers, TV video-clips).

This is the top-level Project; here are the child Projects (so far):

The plan is to follow this format for each country that has Stolpersteine installed.


Gunter Demnig, an environmental artist from Cologne, Germany, developed the idea for these memorials in 1993 after having created several Holocaust memorial projects in Europe starting in the beginning of the eighties. Mr. Demnig was inspired to create his project by words in the Talmud: “A man is not forgotten until his name is forgotten.” Demnig installs the stone into the sidewalk at the front entrance of the residence where the victim last lived before being deported by the Nazis. The 10x10x10cm concrete blocks with a brass face plate with the text (in the local language of the country in which the Stolperstein was installed): "Here lived [name] born [year] [fate] [date of death]".

Any victim, Christian, Romani, Sinti, Jew, Homosexual, Jehovah Witness or any other target of the Nazi terror, can be remembered by a Stolperstein in front of the last residence he occupied by free will.

And this includes people who survived the regime too. Our concern is to "bring families together" in commemoration. This is why living family members (for example children who were brought to safety or family members who were able to escape) can also have a STOLPERSTEIN laid for them. Source:

Mid 2012 more than 35000 Stolpersteine have been installed foremost in Germany and the Netherlands, but also in increasing numbers in: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and others. The Stolpersteine project is therefore the largest environmental, decentralized memorial of the world.
July 3, 2013 the 40000th. Stolperstein was installed in the north of the Netherlands near the German border (Oldamt (Drieborg)) while Stolpersteine were installed to commemorate 10 Dutch communists who were executed by the German occupation force after they were betrayed by their own countrymen for hiding Jews and Roma. More in the interview the WDR German broadcasting Services of North-Rhine Westfalia made with Mr. Demnig: Stolpersteine, 40.000 Schicksale and in the "Stern", a leading German magazine: Der 40.000ste ist ein Kommunist (both in German).
January 11, 2015 Stolperstein number 50.000 is installed in Turin, Italy for Eleonora Levi (Twitteraccount Stolperstein)
Beginning of 2017 Stolperstein number 60.000 is installed.

For iPhones exists since May 2013 the App: Stolpersteine Mobile by Jung von Matt/Fleet. It can be downloaded to assist in searching and updating pictures and data based on the map at Stolpersteine-Online.


List of locations of Stolperstein installations by country and city:

Video - Movies

El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer - אל מלא רחמים, תפילת אזכרה לקרבנות השואה