Genealogy Projects tagged with Holocaust on the Geni Family Tree

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  • Victims of the Nazi Holocaust

    Victims of the Nazis during the Holocaust קרבנות הנאצים בשואה This project's mission is to list the names of the victims of the Nazis during the Holocaust to show that these victims are not just an anonymous mass, but were, and some still are, millions of human beings with names, relationships and personal biographies. They all live on in our hearts and minds. ---We will Never Forget and wi...

  • Stolpersteine in Germany

    Stolpersteine in Germany This is a child project of Stolpersteine and is intended to house all the profiles of monuments placed in Germany. Stolpersteine (Stumbling Blocks) is a project of the artist Gunter Demnig . With appropriately placed plaques he wants to remind us of the fate of people who were persecuted, murdered, deported, expelled or driven to suicide during the Nazi period. ...

  • Theresienstadt Ghetto - Ghetto Terezín – גטו טרזיינשטאט-טרזין

    This project aims to collect all of the profiles of persons who were inmates of the ghetto Theresienstadt also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto located in what is now the Czech Republic. Overcrowding and disease During WWII, the ghetto Terezín (Theresienstadt) was one of the major sites of suffering and death for the Jews of the Bohemian Lands and several European countries. Out of appr...

  • Holocaust Survivors

    For us, forgetting was never an option. Remembering is a noble and necessary act. The call of memory, the call to memory, reaches us from the very dawn of history. No commandment figures so frequently, so insistently, in the Bible. It is incumbent upon us to remember the good we have received, and the evil we have suffered. Elie Wiesel Holocaust Sur...

  • Minsk Ghetto

    The Minsk Ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It was one of the largest in Eastern Europe , and the largest in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It housed close to 100,000 Jews, most of whom perished in The Holocaust. The ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union and capture of the city of Minsk, capital of the Be...

  • Lublin Ghetto

    The Lublin Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany in the city of Lublin in occupied Poland, on the Nazi-administered territory of the General Government. Its inhabitants were mostly Polish Jews, although a number of Roma were also present. The Lublin Ghetto, set up in March 1941, was one of the first Nazi-era ghettos in occupied Poland to be "liquidated". In November 1942 ar...

  • Auschwitz Concentration Camp

    Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of-: Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the Vernichtungslager or exter...

  • Riga Ghetto

    The Riga Ghetto was a small area in Maskavas Forštate, neighborhood of Riga, Latvia, designated by the Nazis where Jews from Latvia, and later from Germany, were forced to live during World War II. On October 25, 1941, the Nazis relocated all Jews from Riga and the vicinity to the ghetto while the non-Jewish inhabitants were evicted. Most of the Latvian Jews (about 24,000) were killed on Nove...

  • Izbica Ghetto

    The Izbica Ghetto was a Jewish ghetto created in Izbica in occupied Poland during World War II, serving as a transfer point for deportation of Jews from Poland, Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia to Belzec and Sobibor extermination camp s. Jews in Izbica (eez-beetz-uh) established a kehilla in 1775. Under threat of imprisonment, Jews were forbidden to cross the bridge leading from Izbica to ...

  • Majdanek Extermination Camp

    Majdanek Concentration Camp was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,...

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  • Jägala concentration camp

    Jägala concentration camp was a labour camp of the Estonian Security Police and SD during the German occupation of Estonia during World War II. The camp was established in August 1942 on a former artillery range of the Estonian Army near the village of Jägala, Estonia. It existed from August 1942 to August 1943. Aleksander Laak, an Estonian was appointed by SS-Sturmbannführer Ain-Ervin Mere of ...

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  • Children of the Holocaust – ילדים קרבנות השואה

    This project is in memory of the 1.5 million precious innocent young souls martyred in the Shoah. Children of the Holocaust Kindertransport 1938 - 1940 Biographies and Stories Memorial to Children of the Holocaust Anne Frank Nazis’ Aryan ‘Poster Child’ Was Actually Jewish Photo of the Little Girl in Red Coat

  • Dachau Concentration Camp

    Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany. Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by th...

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  • Chelmno Extermination Camp

    Chełmno extermination camp, also known as the Kulmhof concentration camp, was a Nazi German extermination camp that was situated 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Łódź, near a small village called Chełmno nad Nerem (Kulmhof an der Nehr in German). After annexation by Germany Kulmhof was included into Reichsgau Wartheland in 1939. The camp operated in two periods, from December 8, 1941 to March 1943,...

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  • Lodz Ghetto – גטו לודז׳

    '] The Łódź Ghetto (German: Ghetto Litzmannstadt ) was the second-largest ghetto (after the Warsaw Ghetto) established for Jews and Roma in German-occupied Poland. Situated in the town of Łódź and originally intended as a temporary gathering point for Jews, the ghetto was transformed into a major industrial centre, providing much needed supplies for Nazi Germany and especially for the Ger...

  • Warsaw Ghetto

    The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest ghetto in all of Nazi occupied Europe, with over 400,000 Jews crammed into an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 7.2 persons per room.From there, about 254,000 Ghetto residents were sent to Treblinka extermination camp during the two months of summer 1942. The sheer death-toll among the Jewish inhabitants of the Ghetto during the Großaktion Warschau would...

  • Jewish Community of Graz, Styria, Austria (Steiermark, Österreich)

    The objective of this project is to build family trees for all Jewish families with members who resided in, were born, married or died in Graz, Austria, or other portions of Austria recorded in the vital records of the Graz Jewish community and Graz population register. These include Jews living in other parts of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola (Krain). Subprojects of this project will include ...

  • Buchenwald Concentration Camp

    Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil. Camp prisoners from all over Europe and Russia—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, c...

  • Ravensbrück Concentration Camp

    El Malle Rachamim Holocaust Prayer Ravensbrück was a notorious women's concentration camp during World War II, located in northern Germany, 90 km north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). Construction of the camp began in November 1938 by SS leader Heinrich Himmler and was unusual in that it was a camp primarily for women. The camp opened in ...

  • Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp

    Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as the prisoner of war camp Stalag XI-C, in 1943 it became a concentration camp on the orders of Heinrich Himmler, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. L...

  • Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg

    Sachsenhausen or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May, 1945. After World War II, when Oranienburg was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the structure was used as an NKVD special camp until 1950 (See NKVD special camp Nr. 7). The remaining buildings and grounds are now...

  • Stutthof concentration camp

    KZ Stutthof was the first Nazi concentration camp built outside of 1937 German borders. Completed on September 2, 1939, it was located in a secluded, wet, and wooded area west of the small town of Sztutowo (German: Stutthof). The town is located in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig, 34 km east of Gdańsk, Poland . KZ Stutthof was the last camp liberated by the Allies, on May 9,...

  • Mauthausen Concentration Camp

    Mauthausen Concentration Camp (known from the summer of 1940 as Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp) grew to become a small group of Nazi concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Linz. Its history ran from the time of the Anschluss in 1938 to the last week of the Second World War. The lar...

  • Treblinka Extermination Camp – מחנה ההשמדה טרבלינקה

    Treblinka Extermination Camp - KZ Treblinka Konzentrationslager (Concentration Camp) Treblinka was a Nazi extermination camp in occupied Poland during World War II near the village of Treblinka in the modern-day Masovian Voivodeship of Poland. The camp, which was constructed as part of Operation Reinhard, operated between July 23, 1942 and October 19, 1943. During this time, approximately 8...

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  • Maly Trostinets extermination camp

    Maly Trostinets extermination camp (see alternate spellings), located near a small village on the outskirts of Minsk, Belarus, was the site of a Nazi extermination camp. Originally built in the summer of 1941, on the site of a Soviet kolkhoz, as a concentration camp, to house Soviet prisoners of war who had been captured following the German attack on the Soviet Union which commenced on June ...

  • Jewish Soldiers in World War I (1914-1918)

    At the outbreak of the war, the Jews, eager to demonstrate their loyalty to their respective countries, rallied to the war effort. Initially the Jews in Russia were no exception, but when the policy of deportation was implemented, many Jews began to pray for the victory of the Central Powers. Nevertheless, about half a million Jews donned Russian uniforms. On the opposite side, almost 100,000...

  • Westerbork

    The Westerbork concentration camp (Dutch: Kamp Westerbork, German: Durchgangslager Westerbork) was a World War II Nazi refugee, detention and transit camp in Hooghalen, ten kilometres north of Westerbork, in the northeastern Netherlands. Its function during the Second World War was to assemble Roma and Dutch Jews for transport to other Nazi concentration camps. On 15 December 1938, the Dutch ...

  • Sobibor Extermination Camp

    Sobibór was a Nazi German extermination camp located on the outskirts of the Sobibór village, which was located in the eastern part of Lublin Voivodeship, Poland, close to the Chelm-Wlodawa railway line. The camp was 5km away from the Bug River, which today forms the border between Poland and the Ukraine. In 1942 the area around Sobibór was swampy, densely wooded and sparsely populated. It ...

  • Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

    Mechelen/Malines In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels,...

  • Neuengamme Concentration Camp

    The Neuengamme concentration camp , a Nazi concentration camp, was established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in Bergedorf district within the City of Hamburg, Germany. It was in operation from 1938 to 1945. By the end of the war, more than half of its estimated 106,000 prisoners had died. After being used for two prisons by the Hamburg authorities from 1948 to 2004, the sit...

  • Flossenbürg concentration camp

    Overview Konzentrationslager Flossenburg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May 1938 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) Economic-Administrative Main Office at Flossenbürg, in the Oberpfalz region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Czechoslovakia. Until its liberation in April 1945, more than 96,000 prisoners passed through the camp. About 30,000 died there. Pre–World War II Before Wor...

  • Shanghai Ghetto

    The Shanghai ghetto , formally known as the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees (無国籍難民限定地区 mukokuseki nanmin gentei chiku?), was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkou District of Japanese-occupied Shanghai, to which about 20,000 Jewish refugees were relocated by the Japanese-issued Proclamation Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees after h...

  • Trawniki concentration camp

    Trawniki concentration camp was set up by Nazi Germany in the village of Trawniki about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Lublin during the occupation of Poland in World War II. Throughout its existence the camp served a dual function. It was organized on the grounds of the former Polish sugar refinery of the Central Industrial Region, and subdivided into at least three distinct zones. The T...

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  • Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

    Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945. The name T4 was an abbreviat...

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  • Jewish Families from Altenburg/Thüringen, Germany

    This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Altenburg/Thüringen, Germany. JewishGen-Altenburg/Thueringen The Jewish Altenburg 1869-1945 Cohn Bucky Levy Cohn-Bucky-Levy - Facebook Jewish traces in the Altenburg County - Facebook Over 700 family portraits withover 1.200 people from Altenburg and its surroundings can be found in the book "Verblasste Spuren...

  • Heroes of the Holocaust - The Courageous Fighters against Hitler's Nazi Regime

    We would like to honor the extraordinary heroes, National leaders , Generals , Scientists , Partisans , Diplomats , Civil Servants , the countless supremely brave Resistors and Rescuers -- all the individuals who helped eradicate the darkest period in history. The eleven million victims of the Nazi regime included intelligentsia, artists, homosexuals, religious groups including six million Je...

  • Pithiviers Internment Camp

    Pithiviers Internment Camp (French: Le camp de transit de Pithiviers) was a little internment camp near the French commune of Pithiviers. Pithiviers is located in Loiret Department, about 80 kilometers from Paris. Pithiviers Internment Camp was built at the beginning of WWII in order to concentrate German prisoners. After the Nazi occupation in 1941 the camp became an internment camp for Je...

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  • Memorial to European Rabbis that Perished in the Holocaust

    Books and web sites about Rabbis that Perished in the Holocaust: Dr. Pnina Mysels wrote about Rabbis that perished in the Holocaust ( "רבנים שנספו בשואה "). The bibliography for that site More data about the Holocaust victims can be found in the Yad VaShem Data Base . Here I'd like to update , fix and add more data and photos from many other sources. - אדמו"רים שנספו בשואה, מנשה אונגר, ...

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  • American Victims of the Holocaust

    Holocaust Victims who United States citizens or born in the United States. For those who were American Prisoners of War in the Buchenwald subcamp, Berga an der Elster, see Berga an der Elster .

  • Drancy Internment Camp

    The Drancy internment camp of Paris, France, was used to hold Jews who were later deported to the extermination camps. 65,000 Jews were deported from Drancy, of whom 63,000 were murdered[1] including 6,000 children. Only 2,000 remained alive when Allied forces liberated the camp on 17 August 1944. Drancy was under the control of the French police until 1943 when administration was taken over ...

  • Gurs Internment Camp (France)

    Camp Gurs was an internment and refugee camp constructed by the French government in 1939. The camp was originally set up in southwestern France after the fall of Catalonia at the end of the Spanish Civil War to control those who fled Spain out of fear of retaliation from Francisco Franco's regime. At the start of the World War II, the French government interned Germans and citizens of other ...

  • Kovno Ghetto

    Kovno Ghetto Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto Kovno Pogrom The Kaunas (Kovno) pogrom, under the direction of the Nazi SS Brigadeführer Franz Walter Stahlecker, was a massacre of Jewish people living in Kaunas, Lithuania that took place in from June 25 to June 29, 1941 – the first days of the Operation Barbarossa and of Nazi occupation of Lithuania. The most infamous incident occurre...

  • Stolpersteine

    Stolpersteine - Stumbling Blocks Stumbling Blocks ('Stolpersteine' in German) have been installed in many countries in Europe. Please refrain from adding profiles here. Add them to the appropriate child project and, if possible, add picture, precise location, date of installation and if available, media coverage (newspapers, TV video-clips). This is the top-level Project; here are...

  • Nazi Germany

    ABOUT PROJECT Nazi Germany is the name of Germany as it was under Hitler's rule. This project is basically a pool of all the known people who were members of the Third Reich associated by marriage or work (not necessarily politicians or military, but also people who may have been employed as secretaries or servants). This is not a memorial project to glamorize a horrific era, but a project ab...

  • The Lost Train: Bergen-Belsen to Tröbitz

    The aim of this project is to gather all profiles of survivors and victims who were on the Lost Train, in the hopes of better commemorating and understanding their experience during the last days of the Holocaust (and the months following it). The following description was taken from Jewishgen , which holds a database relating to some of the people who were on this train. As the end of Worl...

  • Stolin Ghetto

    Stolin was occupied by the Germans from July 1941 to 1944. In August 1941, many Jewish refugees – especially women and children - from the nearby town of David-Gorodok came to Stolin. A ghetto was created in May 1942, surrounded by a barbed-wire fence. About 7,000 Jews lived in this small and unhealthy area, along the Bank River. The liquidation of the ghetto was conducted on September 11, 1942...

  • Shoah in Belarus

    Belarus lost a quarter of its pre-war population, including most of its intellectual elite and 90% of the country’s Jewish population. Altogether, between 2,230,000 to 3.0 million people were killed in Belarus during the three years of German occupation. The Nazis imposed a brutal regime, deporting to Germany some 380,000 young people for slave labour, and killing hundreds of thousands of civ...

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  • Będzin Ghetto

    The Będzin Ghetto (a.k.a. the Bendzin Ghetto, Yiddish: בענדינער געטאָ‎, Bendiner geto; German: Ghetto von Bendsburg) was a World War II ghetto set up by Nazi Germany for the Polish Jews in the town of Będzin in occupied south-western Poland. The formation of a 'Jewish Quarter' was pronounced by the German authorities in July 1940. Over 20,000 local Jews from Będzin, along with additional 10,000...

  • Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp

    Gross-Rosen concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Groß-Rosen) was a Nazi German network of Nazi concentration camps built and operated during World War II. The main camp was located in the village of Gross-Rosen not far from the border with occupied Poland, in the modern-day Rogoźnica in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland; directly on the rail-line between the towns of Jawor (Jauer) a...

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  • Bełżec Extermination Camp

    Belzec , was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. Operating from March 17, 1942 to the end of June 1943, the camp was situated in occupied Poland about 1 km south of the local railroad station of Bełżec in the Lublin district of the General Government. Between 430,000 and 500,000 Jews are believed to have been kil...

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  • The Kindertransport

    The Kindertransport (also Refugee Children Movement or "RCM'") is the name given to the rescue mission that took place during the nine months prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. The United Kingdom took in nearly 10,000 predominantly Jewish children from Nazi Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig. The children were placed in British foster homes, hostel...

  • Holocaust: "The Final Solution"

    This Project is dedicated as a Holocaust Master Project Index to the monstrous consortium of "The Final Solution death machine." Please add cherished profiles to the relevant concentration camp and ghetto sub-projects and not to this Master Holocaust Projects Directory . If no appropriate project exists, we will help create one. Please contact curators Hatte Blejer , Pam Karp , Malka Myse...

  • Jewish Families of Kraków (Poland)

    Krakow was one of the largest Jewish centers in Poland/Galicia. Founded before the end of the first millennium, the city of Krakow (Cracow), located today in southern Poland, served as the seat of the Piast Dynasty and eventually as the capital of the Polish Kingdom until the early 17th century. After the third partition of Poland in 1795, Krakow became the seat of Galicia province in the Aus...

  • Nisko Reservation

    The Nisko Plan, also Lublin Plan or Nisko-Lublin Plan, was developed in September 1939 by the Nazi German Schutzstaffel (SS) as a "territorial solution to the Jewish Question". In contrast to the similar "Madagascar" and other Nazi plans, the Nisko Plan was put into effect between October 1939 and April 1940 by Germans' setting up the Lublin reservation, also Nisko reservation, a concentratio...

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  • Dora-Mittelbau (Nordhausen)

    Mittelbau-Dora (also Dora-Mittelbau and Nordhausen-Dora) was a Nazi Germany labour camp that provided workers for the Mittelwerk V-2 rocket factory in the Kohnstein, situated near Nordhausen, Germany. Approximately 60,000 prisoners from 21 nations (mostly Russians, Poles, and French) passed through Dora. An estimated 20,000 inmates died; 9000 died from exhaustion and collapse, 350 hanged (inc...

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  • Opole Ghetto

    On February 15, 1941, and February 26, 1941, two deportation transports with 2,003 Jewish men, women and children on board left Vienna Aspang Station bound for Opole, a small town south of Lublin. Opole had a long established Jewish community; when war broke out about 4,000 Jews lived here, i.e. about 70 percent of the population, a proportion which rose further after the beginning of the war...

  • Theresienstadt (Terezin) Lecturers and Teachers

    In the sheltering darkness of the long evenings, they were together in the cold and gloomy attic of a barrack, close under the roof. There they stood, pressed close to each other, to hear a talk about the Bible and the Talmud, about Plato, Aristotle, Maimonides, about Descartes and Spinoza, about Locke and Hume and Kant or about days and problems of history, about poetry and art and music, abou...

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  • Nazi concentration camps

    This will be the master project or portal for Concentration Camps. . Liberation . The camps were liberated by the Allied and Soviet forces between 1944 and 1945. The first major camp, Majdanek, was discovered by the advancing Soviets on July 23, 1944. Auschwitz was liberated, also by the Soviets, on January 27, 1945; Buchenwald by the Americans on April 11; Bergen-Belsen by the ...

  • Bergen-Belsen - DP Camp

    Bergen-Belsen DP camp was a displaced persons (DP) camp for refugees after World War II, in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle, stablished in July 1945 in a former German army camp near the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen. After liberating the concentration camp on April 15, l945, the British burned the camp barracks as a health precaution. Thoug...

  • Landsberg Displaced Persons Camp

    Landsberg Concentration Camp and displaced person camp The Landsberg camp began as a Nazi concentration camp. By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners in the camp. The camp was liberated on April 27, 1945 by the 12th Armored Division of the United States Army. Upon orders from General Taylor, the American forces allowed news media to record the atrocities, and ordered local Ger...

  • Erlangen Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Erlangen Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Erlangen , Germany. cf: J Jüdische Euthanasie-Opfer der Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Erlangen by Wolfgang Appell (2016) (visit also: [ ] Braun, Julius * 1897, Niederstetten, Main-Tauber-Kreis, Unterfranken...

  • Kraków Ghetto

    Kraków Ghetto was one of five major, metropolitan Jewish ghettos created by Nazi Germany in the General Government territory for the purpose of persecution, terror, and exploitation of Polish Jews during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. It was a staging point to begin dividing "able workers" from those who would later be deemed unworthy of life. The Ghetto was liquidated bet...

  • Mittenwald Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors that were residents of the Mittenwald Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Mittenwald , Germany.After the end of World War II in 1945 Mittenwald belonged to the American occupation zone. The military administration erected a DP camp for Jewish and Ukrainian so-called Displaced Persons (DPs)...

  • Feldafing displaced persons camp

    Feldafing displaced persons camp in Bavaria was the first DP camp exclusively for use by liberated Jewish concentration camp prisoners. It was later used by Jewish refugees from the Russian controlled Jewish areas. The camp was located in Feldafing's Hoehenberg area and beyond. Overview The camp was opened by the United States Army on May 1, 1945 as an emergency measure to house mostly Hu...

  • Jewish families of Mława, Poland

    Dedicated to the memory of 400 years of a Jewish community that was brutally annihilated by the Nazis, in WWII. מוקדש לזכרון 400 שנה לקיומה של קהילה יהודית שהוכחדה באכזריות ע״י הנאצים ומשתפי הפעולה המקומיים שלהם בתקופת השואה, במלחמת העולם השניה A sub-Project of Jewish Communities of Mozavia District, Poland This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Mława, Pol...

  • Displaced Persons Camp - Umbrella Project

    A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons coerced into forced migration. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II in West Germany and in Austria, as well as in the United Kingdom, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps. Even two years after the end of World War I...

  • Kielce Ghetto

    Kielce was occupied on 4 September 1939 by the German army. Approximately 24,000 Jews lived in the town, a third of all inhabitants. Like in all other occupied towns anti-Jewish actions took place immediately: Lootings, expropriations, forced labour and killings were the order of the day. Soon a Judenrat was established. Its first chairman was Moses Pelc who refused to collaborate with th...

  • Cyprus internment camps

    Cyprus internment camps were camps run by the British government for internment of Jews who had immigrated or attempted to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine in violation of British policy. There were a total of 12 camps, which operated from August 1946 to January 1949, and in total held 53,510 people.Great Britain informed the United Nations (UN) on February 14, 1947, that it would no longer adm...

  • Hallein Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of the Hallein Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Hallein , Austria.==History of the camp==Hallein was the site of a work camp annex to the Dachau concentration camp during World War II. After the war, it was the site of a permanent Displaced Persons camp (B...

  • Jewish Families Who Died in the Mass Shootings at Kremnička

    The mass killings in Kremnička near Banská Bystrica by the Germans and their Slovakian fascist collaborators, the Hlink guard, took place from 5 November 1944 to 17 March 1945. A total of 747 (mostly Jewish) people were murdered in the forest: 478 men, 211 women and 58 children. The figure was confirmed in post-war exhumations from the massive trenches containing the bodies. Victims were made t...

  • Holocaust in Poland

    The Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Poland took the lives of three million Polish Jews, destroying an entire civilization. Poles represented the largest number of people who rescued Jews during the Holocaust. To date, 6,863 Poles have been awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by the State of Israel, over 700 of which received their awards posthumously. Between October 1939 and July 194...

  • Lvov Ghetto

    The Lviv Ghetto or the Lwów Ghetto (also known as Lvov or Lemberg Ghetto , Polish: getto lwowskie) was a World War II ghetto set up in the city of Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) on the territory of Nazi-administered General Government in German-occupied Poland. It was one of the largest Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany after the joint Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland. The city was a home ...

  • Salaspils Concentration Camp, near Riga

    Salaspils Concentration Camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Riga (Latvia). The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. Officially, Salaspils was a Police Prison and Work Education Camp (Polizeigegfängnis und Arbeitserziehungslager). It was also known as camp Kurtenhof after the German name for the city of Salaspils. Planning...

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  • Holocaust in Oboltsy

    A project trying to restore the names of the holocaust victims of the village Oboltsy, Orsha district, Vitebsk region, Belarus. History The town of Oboltsy, Tolochinsky district, has been known since the end of the 14th century. A brief history of the ancient Obolets can be found on Wikipedia. The landowner was the landowner Zaretsky. His estate consisted of two houses. Some rooms were loca...

  • Bamberg Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the profiles of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors that were residents of the Bamberg Displaced Persons Camp located in Bamberg , Germany.

  • Pińsk Ghetto

    The Pińsk Ghetto (Polish: Getto w Pińsku) was a World War II extermination ghetto created by Nazi Germany for the confinement of Polish Jews living in the city of Pińsk (now Pinsk, Belarus) in the eastern territory of occupied Poland. Pińsk was overrun by the Red Army in 1939 during the Soviet invasion of Poland and captured in 1941 by the Wehrmacht in Operation Barbarossa, when it became part ...

  • Salzburg Displaced Persons Camps

    The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of one of the following camps, which were located in Salzburg , Austria, Riedenburg, Camp Herzl (Franz-Josefs-Kaserne), Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and New Palestine.

  • Holocaust in Ukraine

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum tells the story of one survivor of the Einsatzgruppen in Piryatin, Ukraine, when they killed 1,600 Jews on April 6, 1942, the second day of Passover: I saw them do the killing. At 5:00 p.m. they gave the command, "Fill in the pits." Screams and groans were coming from the pits. Suddenly I saw my neighbor Ruderman rise from under the soil … His e...

  • Przemysl Ghetto

    The Przemysl Ghetto is situated on the San River, in the former Lwow district of eastern Galicia. Today it is part of Podkarpackie voivodship. Before WW2 about 24,000 Jews lived in the town. The Germans entered the town for the first time on 15 September 1939. Repressions and humiliations, aimed at the Jewish population, started almost immediately. Around 20,000 Jews still lived in Przemysl a...

  • Plaszow

    Plaszow Concentration Camp Plaszow was originally a forced labour camp , and subsequently became a concentration camp. Its official designation was Zwangsarbeitslager Plaszow des SS- und Polizeiführers im Distrikt Krakau. The construction of the camp began in summer 1940. Its first prisoners were Poles. In 1941 the camp was extended and the first Jews were deported there. The site chosen ...

  • Sosnowiec Ghetto

    The Sosnowiec Ghetto (German: Sosnowitz) was a World War II ghetto set up by Nazi German authorities for Polish Jews in the Province of Upper Silesia in occupied Poland. During the Holocaust, most inmates, estimated at over 35,000 Jewish men, women and children were deported in railway cattle trucks to Auschwitz death camp in Aktionen lasting from June until August 1943. The Ghetto was liquidat...

  • Berga an der Elster

    Background Berga an der Elster , a subdivision of Buchenwald, was a Nazi slave labor camp that held and tortured 350 American Prisoners of War (POW) after their capture at the Battle of the Bulge on December 16, 1944. While thousands of POWs were captured on that ill-fated day, the Nazis held a subset of 350 American soldiers at Berga beginning February 13, 1945. The American POWs were iden...

  • Jewish Families from Tovste, Ukraine

    This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Tovste, Ukraine, also known as Tolstoye, Tłuste, Toist, Tlusta, Tłuste Miasto, Tłuste Myasto, Toyst, Tolstoya. Gesher Galicia - Tovste Urban Type Settlement Jewish History Overview Tovste (Ukrainian: Товсте) is an urban-type settlement in the Zalischyky Raion (district) of Ternopil Oblast (province) in western...

  • Tarnopol Ghetto

    The Tarnopol Ghetto (Polish: getto w Tarnopolu, German: Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine) occupied by Germany at the onset of Operation Barbarossa. Before the joint Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 Tarnopol was the capital of the Tarnopol Voivodeship in the south-eas...

  • Jews of Tarnów and the Ghetto

    The Jews of Tarnów and the Ghetto Jews of Tarnow YIVO Yizkor Tarnow JewishGen Tarnow's Jewish Cemetery Before World War II, about 25,000 Jews lived in Tarnów. Jews, whose recorded presence in the town went back to the mid-15th century, comprised about half of the town's total population.[citation needed] A large portion of Jewish business in Tarnów was devoted to garment and hat man...

  • Bari Transit Camp for Displaced Persons

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of Bari Transit Camp for Displaced Persons. This camp was located in Bari , Italy.==Purpose of the camp==The purpose of this camp was for training of Jewish Displaced Persons, who were heading to Palestine and a Kibbutz.

  • Kalevi-Liiva (Estonia) Execution Place

    The Kalevi-Liiva site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews transported to Estonia for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass executions were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews arrived at the Raasiku railway sta...

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  • Vilna Ghetto

    Vilna Ghetto Out of 70,000 Jews living in Vilna (Vilnius), only 7,000 would survive the war; the Jewish culture in Vilnius, one of the greatest in Europe, ceased to exist. Jews constituted 30% of the total population of Vilnius before the Holocaust. Over 96% percent of the Jews living in Vilna were murdered during the Nazi occupation. No other Jewish community in Nazi-occupied Eur...

  • Holocaust in Latvia

    In Latvia, the Holocaust started on the night of June 23 to June 24, 1941, when in the Grobiņa cemetery SD murderers killed six local Jews, including the town chemist. On the following days 35 Jews were exterminated in Durbe, Priekule and Asīte. On June 29 the Nazi invaders started forming the first Latvian SD auxiliary unit in Jelgava. Mārtiņš Vagulāns, member of the Pērkonkrusts organisation,...

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  • Natzweiler-Struthof Concentration Camp

    El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer Natzweiler-Struthof was a German concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller (German Natzweiler) in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km south west from the city of Strasbourg. Natzweiler-Struthof was the only concentration camp established by the Nazis on present-day French territory, though ...

  • Holocaust in the Netherlands

    The Holocaust In 1939, there were some 140,000 Dutch Jews living in the Netherlands, among them some 25,000 German-Jewish refugees who had fled Germany in the 1930s. The Nazi occupation force put the number of (racially) Dutch Jews in 1941 at some 154,000. In the Nazi census, some 121,000 persons declared they were members of the (Ashkenazi) Dutch-Israelite community; 4,300 persons declared t...

  • Aschaffenburg Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to house all of the profiles of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors that were residents of Aschaffenburg displaced persons camp in Aschaffenburg , Germany.

  • Seeking Jewish Owners of Nazi Looted Books

    Help is requested to find the former owners Genealogists are being asked for help in providing information leading to the original owners of a large collection of approximately 10,000 books so-called the “Stürmer or Streicher Library”currently in the possession of the Jewish Community of Nuremberg (IKG). Remnants of the books were given to the city library on permanent loan by the Jewish Co...

  • Wentorf bei Hamburg Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Wentorf bei Hamburg Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Wentorf bei Hamburg , Germany.

  • Föhrenwald Displaced Persons camp

    The Föhrenwald Displaced Persons camp was one of the largest DP camps in post-World War II Europe and the last to close (in 1957). It was located in the section now known as Waldram in Wolfratshausen in Bavaria, Germany. The camp facilities were originally built in 1939 by IG Farben as housing for its employees at the several munitions factories that it operated in the vicinity. During the wa...

  • Aachen Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of the Aachen Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Aachen , Germany.

  • Babi Yar

    Yar (Russian: Бабий Яр; Ukrainian: Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of a series of massacres carried out by the Nazis during their campaign against the Soviet Union.The most notorious and the best documented of these massacres took place on September 29–30, 1941, wherein 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation. The decision to kill all the Jews in ...

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  • French Resistance Movements during WWII

    Background of the Movements The French Resistance movement is an umbrella term which covered numerous anti-German resistance groups that were based within France. There were a number of resistance movements, some that took direct orders from the Special Operations Executive , there was the communist resistance, groups loyal to de Gaulle , regional resistance movements that wanted independen...

  • Transnistria, "The Romanian Auschwitz"

    Transnistria was a geographic freak, but a historic reality. The name was coined by the Fascists to designate a territory of about 16,000 square miles, designated for the annihilation of Jews deported from Romania. It was an area situated in south-western Ukraine, between the River Dniester to the west, the River Bug to the east, the Black Sea to the south, and a line beyond the city of Moghile...

  • Vyhne forced labor and concentration camp

    Labor camp in Slovakia. Vyhne was established in early 1940 to house 326 Jewish refugees from Prague who had been imprisoned in Sosnowiec, Poland. The group was brought to Slovakia by the Slovak Jewish Center, especially through the efforts of Gisi Fleischmann. Ultimately, most of the 326 successfully reached Palestine. In March 1942 the Germans began the mass deportation of Slovak Jewry. At ...

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