Genealogy Projects tagged with Holocaust on the Geni Family Tree

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  • Stolpersteine in Germany

    Stolpersteine in Germany This is a child project of Stolpersteine and is intended to house all the profiles of monuments placed in Germany. Stolpersteine (Stumbling Blocks) is a project of the artist Gunter Demnig . With appropriately placed plaques he wants to remind us of the fate of people who were persecuted, murdered, deported, expelled or driven to suicide during the Nazi period. ...

  • Theresienstadt Ghetto - Ghetto Terezín

    This project aims to collect all of the profiles of persons who were inmates of the ghetto Theresienstadt also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto located in what is now the Czech Republic. Overcrowding and disease During WWII, the ghetto Terezín (Theresienstadt) was one of the major sites of suffering and death for the Jews of the Bohemian Lands and several European countries. Out of appr...

  • Victims of the Nazi Holocaust

    Victims of the Nazis during the Holocaust קרבנות הנאצים בשואה This project's mission is to list the names of the victims of the Nazis during the Holocaust to show that these victims are not just an anonymous mass, but were, and some still are, millions of human beings with names, relationships and personal biographies. They all live on in our hearts and minds. ---We will Never Forget and wi...

  • Buchenwald Concentration Camp

    Buchenwald concentration camp was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil. Camp prisoners from all over Europe and Russia—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, c...

  • Lodz Ghetto

    The Łódź Ghetto (German: Ghetto Litzmannstadt ) was the second-largest ghetto (after the Warsaw Ghetto) established for Jews and Roma in German-occupied Poland. Situated in the town of Łódź and originally intended as a temporary gathering point for Jews, the ghetto was transformed into a major industrial centre, providing much needed supplies for Nazi Germany and especially for the German Arm...

  • Jewish Families of the Jewish Community of Graz, Styria, Austria (Steiermark, Österreich)

    The objective of this project is to create family trees for all Jewish families with members who resided in, were born, married or died in Graz, Austria, or other portions of Austria recorded in the records of Graz. These include Jews living in other parts of Styria, Carinthia, and Krain. Subprojects of this project will include the Holocaust victims of other cities, such as Leoben. After a r...

  • Kovno Ghetto

    Kovno Ghetto Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto Kovno Pogrom The Kaunas (Kovno) pogrom, under the direction of the Nazi SS Brigadeführer Franz Walter Stahlecker, was a massacre of Jewish people living in Kaunas, Lithuania that took place in from June 25 to June 29, 1941 – the first days of the Operation Barbarossa and of Nazi occupation of Lithuania. The most infamous incident occurre...

  • Sobibor Extermination Camp

    Sobibór was a Nazi German extermination camp located on the outskirts of the Sobibór village, which was located in the eastern part of Lublin Voivodeship, Poland, close to the Chelm-Wlodawa railway line. The camp was 5km away from the Bug River, which today forms the border between Poland and the Ukraine. In 1942 the area around Sobibór was swampy, densely wooded and sparsely populated. It ...

  • Auschwitz Concentration Camp

    Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of-: Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the Vernichtungslager or exter...

  • Holocaust Survivors

    For us, forgetting was never an option. Remembering is a noble and necessary act. The call of memory, the call to memory, reaches us from the very dawn of history. No commandment figures so frequently, so insistently, in the Bible. It is incumbent upon us to remember the good we have received, and the evil we have suffered. Elie Wiesel Holocaust Sur...

  • Dachau Concentration Camp

    Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany. Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by th...

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  • Jewish Families of Kraków (Poland)

    Krakow was one of the largest Jewish centers in Poland/Galicia. Founded before the end of the first millennium, the city of Krakow (Cracow), located today in southern Poland, served as the seat of the Piast Dynasty and eventually as the capital of the Polish Kingdom until the early 17th century. After the third partition of Poland in 1795, Krakow became the seat of Galicia province in the Aus...

  • Maly Trostinets extermination camp

    Maly Trostinets extermination camp (see alternate spellings), located near a small village on the outskirts of Minsk, Belarus, was the site of a Nazi extermination camp. Originally built in the summer of 1941, on the site of a Soviet kolkhoz, as a concentration camp, to house Soviet prisoners of war who had been captured following the German attack on the Soviet Union which commenced on June ...

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  • Jewish Soldiers in World War I (1914-1918)

    At the outbreak of the war, the Jews, eager to demonstrate their loyalty to their respective countries, rallied to the war effort. Initially the Jews in Russia were no exception, but when the policy of deportation was implemented, many Jews began to pray for the victory of the Central Powers. Nevertheless, about half a million Jews donned Russian uniforms. On the opposite side, almost 100,000...

  • מחנה ההשמדה טרבלינקה - Treblinka Extermination Camp

    Treblinka Extermination Camp - KZ Treblinka Konzentrationslager (Concentration Camp) Treblinka was a Nazi extermination camp in occupied Poland during World War II near the village of Treblinka in the modern-day Masovian Voivodeship of Poland. The camp, which was constructed as part of Operation Reinhard, operated between July 23, 1942 and October 19, 1943. During this time, approximately 8...

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  • Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp

    Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as the prisoner of war camp Stalag XI-C, in 1943 it became a concentration camp on the orders of Heinrich Himmler, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. L...

  • Westerbork

    The Westerbork concentration camp (Dutch: Kamp Westerbork, German: Durchgangslager Westerbork) was a World War II Nazi refugee, detention and transit camp in Hooghalen, ten kilometres north of Westerbork, in the northeastern Netherlands. Its function during the Second World War was to assemble Roma and Dutch Jews for transport to other Nazi concentration camps. On 15 December 1938, the Dutch ...

  • Jägala concentration camp

    Jägala concentration camp was a labour camp of the Estonian Security Police and SD during the German occupation of Estonia during World War II. The camp was established in August 1942 on a former artillery range of the Estonian Army near the village of Jägala, Estonia. It existed from August 1942 to August 1943. Aleksander Laak, an Estonian was appointed by SS-Sturmbannführer Ain-Ervin Mere of ...

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  • Nazi Euthanasia Victims -- Aktion T4

    Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was the name used after World War II for Nazi Germany's "Euthanasia programme" during which physicians killed thousands of people who were "judged incurably sick, by critical medical examination". The programme officially ran from September 1939 until August 1941, but it continued unofficially until the end of the Nazi regime in 1945. The name T4 was an abbreviat...

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  • Flossenbürg concentration camp

    Overview Konzentrationslager Flossenburg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May 1938 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) Economic-Administrative Main Office at Flossenbürg, in the Oberpfalz region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Czechoslovakia. Until its liberation in April 1945, more than 96,000 prisoners passed through the camp. About 30,000 died there. Pre–World War II Before Wor...

  • Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp

    Gross-Rosen concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Groß-Rosen) was a Nazi German network of Nazi concentration camps built and operated during World War II. The main camp was located in the village of Gross-Rosen not far from the border with occupied Poland, in the modern-day Rogoźnica in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland; directly on the rail-line between the towns of Jawor (Jauer) a...

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  • Trawniki concentration camp

    Trawniki concentration camp was set up by Nazi Germany in the village of Trawniki about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Lublin during the occupation of Poland in World War II. Throughout its existence the camp served a dual function. It was organized on the grounds of the former Polish sugar refinery of the Central Industrial Region, and subdivided into at least three distinct zones. The T...

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  • Warsaw Ghetto

    The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest ghetto in all of Nazi occupied Europe, with over 400,000 Jews crammed into an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), or 7.2 persons per room.From there, about 254,000 Ghetto residents were sent to Treblinka extermination camp during the two months of summer 1942. The sheer death-toll among the Jewish inhabitants of the Ghetto during the Großaktion Warschau would...

  • Riga Ghetto

    The Riga Ghetto was a small area in Maskavas Forštate, neighborhood of Riga, Latvia, designated by the Nazis where Jews from Latvia, and later from Germany, were forced to live during World War II. On October 25, 1941, the Nazis relocated all Jews from Riga and the vicinity to the ghetto while the non-Jewish inhabitants were evicted. Most of the Latvian Jews (about 24,000) were killed on Nove...

  • Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg

    Sachsenhausen or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May, 1945. After World War II, when Oranienburg was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the structure was used as an NKVD special camp until 1950 (See NKVD special camp Nr. 7). The remaining buildings and grounds are now...

  • Izbica Ghetto

    The Izbica Ghetto was a Jewish ghetto created in Izbica in occupied Poland during World War II, serving as a transfer point for deportation of Jews from Poland, Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia to Belzec and Sobibor extermination camp s. Jews in Izbica (eez-beetz-uh) established a kehilla in 1775. Under threat of imprisonment, Jews were forbidden to cross the bridge leading from Izbica to ...

  • Dora-Mittelbau (Nordhausen)

    Mittelbau-Dora (also Dora-Mittelbau and Nordhausen-Dora) was a Nazi Germany labour camp that provided workers for the Mittelwerk V-2 rocket factory in the Kohnstein, situated near Nordhausen, Germany. Approximately 60,000 prisoners from 21 nations (mostly Russians, Poles, and French) passed through Dora. An estimated 20,000 inmates died; 9000 died from exhaustion and collapse, 350 hanged (inc...

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  • Minsk Ghetto

    The Minsk Ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. It was one of the largest in Eastern Europe , and the largest in the German-occupied territory of the Soviet Union. It housed close to 100,000 Jews, most of whom perished in The Holocaust. The ghetto was created soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union and capture of the city of Minsk, capital of the Be...

  • Children of the Holocaust

    This project is in memory of the 1.5 million precious innocent young souls martyred in the Shoah. Children of the Holocaust Kindertransport 1938 - 1940 Biographies and Stories Memorial to Children of the Holocaust Anne Frank Nazis’ Aryan ‘Poster Child’ Was Actually Jewish Photo of the Little Girl in Red Coat

  • Chelmno Extermination Camp

    Chełmno extermination camp, also known as the Kulmhof concentration camp, was a Nazi German extermination camp that was situated 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Łódź, near a small village called Chełmno nad Nerem (Kulmhof an der Nehr in German). After annexation by Germany Kulmhof was included into Reichsgau Wartheland in 1939. The camp operated in two periods, from December 8, 1941 to March 1943,...

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  • The Kindertransport

    The Kindertransport (also Refugee Children Movement or "RCM'") is the name given to the rescue mission that took place during the nine months prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. The United Kingdom took in nearly 10,000 predominantly Jewish children from Nazi Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig. The children were placed in British foster homes, hostel...

  • Lublin Ghetto

    The Lublin Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany in the city of Lublin in occupied Poland, on the Nazi-administered territory of the General Government. Its inhabitants were mostly Polish Jews, although a number of Roma were also present. The Lublin Ghetto, set up in March 1941, was one of the first Nazi-era ghettos in occupied Poland to be "liquidated". In November 1942 ar...

  • The Lost Train: Bergen-Belsen to Tröbitz

    The aim of this project is to gather all profiles of survivors and victims who were on the Lost Train, in the hopes of better commemorating and understanding their experience during the last days of the Holocaust (and the months following it). The following description was taken from Jewishgen , which holds a database relating to some of the people who were on this train. As the end of Worl...

  • Mauthausen Concentration Camp

    Mauthausen Concentration Camp (known from the summer of 1940 as Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp) grew to become a small group of Nazi concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Linz. Its history ran from the time of the Anschluss in 1938 to the last week of the Second World War. The lar...

  • Neuengamme Concentration Camp

    The Neuengamme concentration camp , a Nazi concentration camp, was established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in Bergedorf district within the City of Hamburg, Germany. It was in operation from 1938 to 1945. By the end of the war, more than half of its estimated 106,000 prisoners had died. After being used for two prisons by the Hamburg authorities from 1948 to 2004, the sit...

  • Opole Ghetto

    On February 15, 1941, and February 26, 1941, two deportation transports with 2,003 Jewish men, women and children on board left Vienna Aspang Station bound for Opole, a small town south of Lublin. Opole had a long established Jewish community; when war broke out about 4,000 Jews lived here, i.e. about 70 percent of the population, a proportion which rose further after the beginning of the war...

  • Jewish Families from Altenburg/Thüringen, Germany

    This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Altenburg/Thüringen, Germany. JewishGen-Altenburg/Thueringen The Jewish Altenburg 1869-1945 Cohn Bucky Levy Cohn-Bucky-Levy - Facebook Jewish traces in the Altenburg County - Facebook Over 700 family portraits withover 1.200 people from Altenburg and its surroundings can be found in the book "Verblasste Spuren...

  • Seeking Jewish Owners of Nazi Looted Books

    Help is requested to find the former owners Genealogists are being asked for help in providing information leading to the original owners of a large collection of approximately 10,000 books so-called the “Stürmer or Streicher Library”currently in the possession of the Jewish Community of Nuremberg (IKG). Remnants of the books were given to the city library on permanent loan by the Jewish Co...

  • Majdanek Extermination Camp

    Majdanek Concentration Camp was a German Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of Lublin, Poland, established during the German Nazi occupation of Poland. The camp operated from October 1, 1941 until July 22, 1944, when it was captured nearly intact by the advancing Soviet Red Army. Although conceived as a forced labor camp and not as an extermination camp, over 79,000 people died there (59,...

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  • Memorial to European Rabbis that Perished in the Holocaust

    Books and web sites about Rabbis that Perished in the Holocaust: Dr. Pnina Mysels wrote about Rabbis that perished in the Holocaust ( "רבנים שנספו בשואה "). The bibliography for that site More data about the Holocaust victims can be found in the Yad VaShem Data Base . Here I'd like to update , fix and add more data and photos from many other sources. - אדמו"רים שנספו בשואה, מנשה אונגר, ...

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  • Wentorf bei Hamburg Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Wentorf bei Hamburg Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Wentorf bei Hamburg , Germany.

  • Holocaust in Poland

    The Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Poland took the lives of three million Polish Jews, destroying an entire civilization. Poles represented the largest number of people who rescued Jews during the Holocaust. To date, 6,863 Poles have been awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by the State of Israel, over 700 of which received their awards posthumously. Between October 1939 and July 194...

  • Gurs Internment Camp (France)

    Camp Gurs was an internment and refugee camp constructed by the French government in 1939. The camp was originally set up in southwestern France after the fall of Catalonia at the end of the Spanish Civil War to control those who fled Spain out of fear of retaliation from Francisco Franco's regime. At the start of the World War II, the French government interned Germans and citizens of other ...

  • Stutthof concentration camp

    KZ Stutthof was the first Nazi concentration camp built outside of 1937 German borders. Completed on September 2, 1939, it was located in a secluded, wet, and wooded area west of the small town of Sztutowo (German: Stutthof). The town is located in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig, 34 km east of Gdańsk, Poland . KZ Stutthof was the last camp liberated by the Allies, on May 9,...

  • Shanghai Ghetto

    The Shanghai ghetto , formally known as the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees (無国籍難民限定地区 mukokuseki nanmin gentei chiku?), was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkou District of Japanese-occupied Shanghai, to which about 20,000 Jewish refugees were relocated by the Japanese-issued Proclamation Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees after h...

  • Drancy Internment Camp

    The Drancy internment camp of Paris, France, was used to hold Jews who were later deported to the extermination camps. 65,000 Jews were deported from Drancy, of whom 63,000 were murdered[1] including 6,000 children. Only 2,000 remained alive when Allied forces liberated the camp on 17 August 1944. Drancy was under the control of the French police until 1943 when administration was taken over ...

  • Landsberg Displaced Persons Camp

    Landsberg Concentration Camp and displaced person camp The Landsberg camp began as a Nazi concentration camp. By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners in the camp. The camp was liberated on April 27, 1945 by the 12th Armored Division of the United States Army. Upon orders from General Taylor, the American forces allowed news media to record the atrocities, and ordered local Ger...

  • Kalevi-Liiva (Estonia) Execution Place

    The Kalevi-Liiva site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews transported to Estonia for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass executions were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews arrived at the Raasiku railway sta...

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  • Nazi Germany

    ABOUT PROJECT Nazi Germany is the name of Germany as it was under Hitler's rule. This project is basically a pool of all the known people who were members of the Third Reich associated by marriage or work (not necessarily politicians or military, but also people who may have been employed as secretaries or servants). This is not a memorial project to glamorize a horrific era, but a project ab...

  • Föhrenwald Displaced Persons camp

    The Föhrenwald Displaced Persons camp was one of the largest DP camps in post-World War II Europe and the last to close (in 1957). It was located in the section now known as Waldram in Wolfratshausen in Bavaria, Germany. The camp facilities were originally built in 1939 by IG Farben as housing for its employees at the several munitions factories that it operated in the vicinity. During the wa...

  • Ravensbrück Concentration Camp

    El Malle Rachamim Holocaust Prayer Ravensbrück was a notorious women's concentration camp during World War II, located in northern Germany, 90 km north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). Construction of the camp began in November 1938 by SS leader Heinrich Himmler and was unusual in that it was a camp primarily for women. The camp opened in ...

  • Aachen Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of the Aachen Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Aachen , Germany.

  • Babi Yar

    Yar (Russian: Бабий Яр; Ukrainian: Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of a series of massacres carried out by the Nazis during their campaign against the Soviet Union.The most notorious and the best documented of these massacres took place on September 29–30, 1941, wherein 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation. The decision to kill all the Jews in ...

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  • French Resistance Movements during WWII

    Background of the Movements The French Resistance movement is an umbrella term which covered numerous anti-German resistance groups that were based within France. There were a number of resistance movements, some that took direct orders from the Special Operations Executive , there was the communist resistance, groups loyal to de Gaulle , regional resistance movements that wanted independen...

  • Nisko Reservation

    The Nisko Plan, also Lublin Plan or Nisko-Lublin Plan, was developed in September 1939 by the Nazi German Schutzstaffel (SS) as a "territorial solution to the Jewish Question". In contrast to the similar "Madagascar" and other Nazi plans, the Nisko Plan was put into effect between October 1939 and April 1940 by Germans' setting up the Lublin reservation, also Nisko reservation, a concentratio...

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  • Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

    Mechelen/Malines In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels,...

  • Jews of Tarnów and the Ghetto

    The Jews of Tarnów and the Ghetto Jews of Tarnow YIVO Yizkor Tarnow JewishGen Tarnow's Jewish Cemetery Before World War II, about 25,000 Jews lived in Tarnów. Jews, whose recorded presence in the town went back to the mid-15th century, comprised about half of the town's total population.[citation needed] A large portion of Jewish business in Tarnów was devoted to garment and hat man...

  • Transnistria, "The Romanian Auschwitz"

    Transnistria was a geographic freak, but a historic reality. The name was coined by the Fascists to designate a territory of about 16,000 square miles, designated for the annihilation of Jews deported from Romania. It was an area situated in south-western Ukraine, between the River Dniester to the west, the River Bug to the east, the Black Sea to the south, and a line beyond the city of Moghile...

  • Cyprus internment camps

    Cyprus internment camps were camps run by the British government for internment of Jews who had immigrated or attempted to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine in violation of British policy. There were a total of 12 camps, which operated from August 1946 to January 1949, and in total held 53,510 people.Great Britain informed the United Nations (UN) on February 14, 1947, that it would no longer adm...

  • Vilna Ghetto

    Vilna Ghetto Out of 70,000 Jews living in Vilna (Vilnius), only 7,000 would survive the war; the Jewish culture in Vilnius, one of the greatest in Europe, ceased to exist. Jews constituted 30% of the total population of Vilnius before the Holocaust. Over 96% percent of the Jews living in Vilna were murdered during the Nazi occupation. No other Jewish community in Nazi-occupied Eur...

  • Heroes of the Holocaust - The Courageous Fighters against Hitler's Nazi Regime

    We would like to honor the extraordinary heroes, National leaders , Generals , Scientists , Partisans , Diplomats , Civil Servants , the countless supremely brave Resistors and Rescuers -- all the individuals who helped eradicate the darkest period in history. The eleven million victims of the Nazi regime included intelligentsia, artists, homosexuals, religious groups including six million Je...

  • Theresienstadt (Terezin) Lecturers and Teachers

    In the sheltering darkness of the long evenings, they were together in the cold and gloomy attic of a barrack, close under the roof. There they stood, pressed close to each other, to hear a talk about the Bible and the Talmud, about Plato, Aristotle, Maimonides, about Descartes and Spinoza, about Locke and Hume and Kant or about days and problems of history, about poetry and art and music, abou...

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  • Vyhne forced labor and concentration camp

    Labor camp in Slovakia. Vyhne was established in early 1940 to house 326 Jewish refugees from Prague who had been imprisoned in Sosnowiec, Poland. The group was brought to Slovakia by the Slovak Jewish Center, especially through the efforts of Gisi Fleischmann. Ultimately, most of the 326 successfully reached Palestine. In March 1942 the Germans began the mass deportation of Slovak Jewry. At ...

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  • Sereď forced labor and concentration camp

    Forced labor and concentration camp in Slovakia. During the spring and summer of 1942, the authorities began using Sered as a labor camp. In fact, the idea of establishing such labor camps had come from the Jews themselves: during the height of the mass deportations, the Slovak Jewish rescue organization called the Working Group came up with a plan to save Jews from being deported by sending th...

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  • Holocaust: "The Final Solution"

    This Project is dedicated as a Holocaust Master Project Index to the monstrous consortium of "The Final Solution death machine." Please add cherished profiles to the relevant concentration camp and ghetto sub-projects and not to this Master Holocaust Projects Directory . If no appropriate project exists, we will help create one. Please contact curators Hatte Blejer , Pam Karp , Malka Myse...

  • PURPLE TRIANGLE

    The purple triangle was a concentration camp badge used by the Nazis to identify Bibelforscher (Bible Student) in Nazi Germany. Over 99% of these were Jehovah's Witnesses, but a few were Adventists, Baptists, splinter groups, and pacifists. Some 12,000 Witnesses were imprisoned for varying lengths of time in prisons and concentration camps. Between 2,500 and 5,000 of them died. Hundreds were ex...

  • Joods Kindermonument Rotterdam - Jewish Children's Monument Rotterdam

    Joods Kinder-monument Rotterdam Wie waren de kinderen die in de jaren 1942-1943 vanuit Rotterdam vertrokken en nooit zijn teruggekeerd? Vanaf de verzamelplaats Loods 24 aan de Rotterdamse Spoorweghaven, ter hoogte van het Poortgebouw aan de Stieltjesstraat, zijn 686 Rotterdamse Joodse kinderen in de leeftijd van één maand tot en met twaalf jaar gedeporteerd naar Westerbork. Door de namen van ...

  • Lvov Ghetto

    The Lviv Ghetto or the Lwów Ghetto (also known as Lvov or Lemberg Ghetto , Polish: getto lwowskie) was a World War II ghetto set up in the city of Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) on the territory of Nazi-administered General Government in German-occupied Poland. It was one of the largest Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany after the joint Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland. The city was a home ...

  • Shoah in Belarus

    Belarus lost a quarter of its pre-war population, including most of its intellectual elite and 90% of the country’s Jewish population. Altogether, between 2,230,000 to 3.0 million people were killed in Belarus during the three years of German occupation. The Nazis imposed a brutal regime, deporting to Germany some 380,000 young people for slave labour, and killing hundreds of thousands of civ...

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  • Grodno Ghetto

    Grodno Ghetto was created by Nazi Germans in November 1941, in the city of Hrodna (Grodno), which was part of the Second Polish Republic until the Soviet invasion of Poland, and subsequently incorporated by the Soviets into the Belarusian SSR. Hrodna (German: Garten) was annexed by the Nazis to the Bezirk Bialystok district of East Prussia in the aftermath of the German attack on the Soviet Uni...

  • Bamberg Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the profiles of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors that were residents of the Bamberg Displaced Persons Camp located in Bamberg , Germany.

  • Kraków Ghetto

    Kraków Ghetto was one of five major, metropolitan Jewish ghettos created by Nazi Germany in the General Government territory for the purpose of persecution, terror, and exploitation of Polish Jews during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. It was a staging point to begin dividing "able workers" from those who would later be deemed unworthy of life. The Ghetto was liquidated bet...

  • Feldmoching Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Feldmoching Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in the Feldmoching borough of München (Munich) , Germany.

  • Holocaust in Ukraine

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum tells the story of one survivor of the Einsatzgruppen in Piryatin, Ukraine, when they killed 1,600 Jews on April 6, 1942, the second day of Passover: I saw them do the killing. At 5:00 p.m. they gave the command, "Fill in the pits." Screams and groans were coming from the pits. Suddenly I saw my neighbor Ruderman rise from under the soil … His e...

  • Holocaust in Latvia

    In Latvia, the Holocaust started on the night of June 23 to June 24, 1941, when in the Grobiņa cemetery SD murderers killed six local Jews, including the town chemist. On the following days 35 Jews were exterminated in Durbe, Priekule and Asīte. On June 29 the Nazi invaders started forming the first Latvian SD auxiliary unit in Jelgava. Mārtiņš Vagulāns, member of the Pērkonkrusts organisation,...

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  • Bełżec Extermination Camp

    Belzec , was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. Operating from March 17, 1942 to the end of June 1943, the camp was situated in occupied Poland about 1 km south of the local railroad station of Bełżec in the Lublin district of the General Government. Between 430,000 and 500,000 Jews are believed to have been kil...

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  • Mühldorf Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Mühldorf Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Mühldorf am Inn , Germany.

  • Belgium Antwerp Police Immigration files

    MIGRATION FILES OF THE CITY OF ANTWERP AND FORMER BORDER TOWNS Please help improve the English translation on this page There exist files of people from Denmark, Holland, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden, etc. as well of the Stateless. The so-called 'alien-files' (foreigner-files) contain a wealth of information, both for genealogical searches and...

  • Holocaust slachtoffers Rotterdam - Rotterdam Holocaust Victims J-L

    Holocaust slachtoffers Rotterdam -Namenlijst J tot en met L Dit project is sub-project van het project Holocaust slachtoffers Rotterdam ENG : This project is a sub project of Holocaust Victims Rotterdam Slachtoffers/ Victim lists (alphabetical sub-projects with names) Namen/Names A -C Namen/ Names D - F

  • Bergen-Belsen - DP Camp

    Bergen-Belsen DP camp was a displaced persons (DP) camp for refugees after World War II, in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle, stablished in July 1945 in a former German army camp near the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen. After liberating the concentration camp on April 15, l945, the British burned the camp barracks as a health precaution. Thoug...

  • Pińsk Ghetto

    The Pińsk Ghetto (Polish: Getto w Pińsku) was a World War II extermination ghetto created by Nazi Germany for the confinement of Polish Jews living in the city of Pińsk (now Pinsk, Belarus) in the eastern territory of occupied Poland. Pińsk was overrun by the Red Army in 1939 during the Soviet invasion of Poland and captured in 1941 by the Wehrmacht in Operation Barbarossa, when it became part ...

  • Stolpersteine

    Stolpersteine - Stumbling Blocks Stumbling Blocks ('Stolpersteine' in German) have been installed in many countries in Europe. Please refrain from adding profiles here. Add them to the appropriate child project and, if possible, add picture, precise location, date of installation and if available, media coverage (newspapers, TV video-clips). This is the top-level Project; here are...

  • Holocaust in the Netherlands

    The Holocaust In 1939, there were some 140,000 Dutch Jews living in the Netherlands, among them some 25,000 German-Jewish refugees who had fled Germany in the 1930s. The Nazi occupation force put the number of (racially) Dutch Jews in 1941 at some 154,000. In the Nazi census, some 121,000 persons declared they were members of the (Ashkenazi) Dutch-Israelite community; 4,300 persons declared t...

  • München Neu Freimann Displaced Persons Camp

    The purpose of this project is to collect all of the profiles of displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of the München Neu Freimann Displaced Persons Camp. München Neu Freimann is a post World War II displaced person camp in the American sector. The camp was located in Schwabing-Freimann and opened in July 1946. Residents were housed in confiscated workers' housing.

  • Nazi concentration camps

    This will be the master project or portal for Concentration Camps. . Liberation . The camps were liberated by the Allied and Soviet forces between 1944 and 1945. The first major camp, Majdanek, was discovered by the advancing Soviets on July 23, 1944. Auschwitz was liberated, also by the Soviets, on January 27, 1945; Buchenwald by the Americans on April 11; Bergen-Belsen by the ...

  • Bialystok Ghetto גטו ביאלסטוק

    The Bialystok Ghetto was set up by Nazi Germany between July 26 and early August 1941 in the new capital of Bezirk Bialystok district of German-occupied Poland. About 50,000 Jews from the vicinity of Białystok and the surrounding region were herded into a small area of the city. The ghetto was split in two by the Biala River running through it (see map). Most inmates were put to work in the...

  • Natzweiler-Struthof Concentration Camp

    El Male Rachamim Holocaust Prayer Natzweiler-Struthof was a German concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller (German Natzweiler) in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km south west from the city of Strasbourg. Natzweiler-Struthof was the only concentration camp established by the Nazis on present-day French territory, though ...

  • Kielce Ghetto

    Kielce was occupied on 4 September 1939 by the German army. Approximately 24,000 Jews lived in the town, a third of all inhabitants. Like in all other occupied towns anti-Jewish actions took place immediately: Lootings, expropriations, forced labour and killings were the order of the day. Soon a Judenrat was established. Its first chairman was Moses Pelc who refused to collaborate with th...

  • Beshenkovichi, Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus

    Documents pertaining to Beshenkovichi, Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus which was decimated by the Nazis in 1942. A Jewish community was established in Beshenkovichi at the beginning of the 17th century. In the period between the two world wars local Jews worked in crafts and small trade until the latter was forbiden at the beginning of the 1930s. In the area there were also more than one Jewish kolkh...

  • Pithiviers Internment Camp

    Pithiviers Internment Camp (French: Le camp de transit de Pithiviers) was a little internment camp near the French commune of Pithiviers. Pithiviers is located in Loiret Department, about 80 kilometers from Paris. Pithiviers Internment Camp was built at the beginning of WWII in order to concentrate German prisoners. After the Nazi occupation in 1941 the camp became an internment camp for Je...

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  • Jewish Families Who Died in the Mass Shootings at Kremnička

    The mass killings in Kremnička near Banská Bystrica by the Germans and their Slovakian fascist collaborators, the Hlink guard, took place from 5 November 1944 to 17 March 1945. A total of 747 people were murdered in the forest: 478 men, 211 women and 58 children. The figure was confirmed in post-war exhumations from the massive trenches containing the bodies. Victims were made to kneel in front...

  • Stolin Ghetto

    Stolin was occupied by the Germans from July 1941 to 1944. In August 1941, many Jewish refugees – especially women and children - from the nearby town of David-Gorodok came to Stolin. A ghetto was created in May 1942, surrounded by a barbed-wire fence. About 7,000 Jews lived in this small and unhealthy area, along the Bank River. The liquidation of the ghetto was conducted on September 11, 1942...

  • Siauliai (Shavli) Ghetto

    The Ghettos in Šiauliai (Shavli); The Lithuanians succeded in killing over 2000 Šiauliai Jews before the incarceration of the remaining Jews in the two Ghettos, one in the Kafkaz area and the other in the Traku neighborhood, about 500 meters away. The Ghetto gates closed behind about 5500 Jews that were crammed in an area of about 8000 square meters of living space; 1.5 m per person. The guar...

  • Kaiserwald concentration camp

    Kaiserwald Jewish DNA Project Kaiserwald was a Nazi German concentration camp near the Riga suburb of Mežaparks in Latvia. Kaiserwald was built in March, 1943, during the period that the German army occupied Latvia. The first inmates of the camp were several hundred convicts from Germany. Following the liquidation of the Riga, Liepāja and Daugavpils (Dvinsk) ghettos in June, 1943, the r...

  • Landsberg Concentration Camp

    The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the people who were interred at the Landsberg Concentration Camp, which was located in Landsberg am Lech , Germany.

  • Moringen Concentration Camp

    This project seeks to link the profiles of people interned in Moringen. Three concentration camps operated in succession in Moringen, Lower Saxony, from April 1933 to April 1945. KZ Moringen, established in the centre of the town on site of former 19th century workhouses (German: Landeswerkhäuser), originally housed mostly male political inmates. In November 1933 - March 1938 Moringen housed ...

  • Salaspils Concentration Camp, near Riga

    Salaspils Concentration Camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Riga (Latvia). The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. Officially, Salaspils was a Police Prison and Work Education Camp (Polizeigegfängnis und Arbeitserziehungslager). It was also known as camp Kurtenhof after the German name for the city of Salaspils. Planning...

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  • Szebnie concentration camp

    The Szebnie concentration camp (German: Lager Szebnie) was established during World War II by Germany, within the semi-colonial territory of General Government in the south-eastern part of occupied Poland. It was located near the town of Szebnie approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) east of Jasło and 42 km (26 mi) south-west of Rzeszów. The facility was constructed in 1940 originally as horse stab...

  • Kielbasin Transit Camp

    The Kielbasin Transit Camp, outside of Grodno was the holding and deportation locus for Jews from surrounding towns in the Grodno and Sokolka sub districts of the Bialystok District. In Nov 1942 there were 22,000 to 28,000 Jews from 22 cities, towns, and villiages in the Kielbasin Camp. The Nazis first took Jews from towns near Grodno to Kielbasin and then begin a series of Aktions to deport th...

  • Ebensee

    The Ebensee concentration camp was established by the SS to build tunnels for armaments storage near the town of Ebensee, Austria in 1943. It was part of the Mauthausen network. Due to the inhumane working and living conditions, Ebensee was one of the worst Nazi concentration camps for the death rates of its prisoners . The SS used several code names: Kalk (English: limestone), Kalksteinbergw...

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