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McCauley Genealogy and McCauley Family History Information

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  • Elizabeth Catherine McCauley (1754 - 1834)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for Virginia. DAR Ancestor # A205180
  • Elizabeth Cain (1803 - 1870)
  • Elizabeth Wilson (deceased)
  • Rosa Louise Parks (1913 - 2005)
    Profile of the day in Geni, Rosa Parks . She was an African American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress later called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom moveme...
  • McCauley (deceased)

About the McCauley surname

McCauley (or MacCauley) is an ancient Gaelic surname that can have either Irish or Scottish origins.

There are a couple of different origins of the name. One is from the old Gaelic surname Mac Amhalghaidh which first emerged before the 9th century. The ‘Mac’ prefix means ‘Son of’ and Amhalghaidh was a personal name. The meaning of the name Amhalghaidh is unclear but some historians believe it meant ‘heir to the festering one.

So the name would have meant ‘son of the heir to the festering one’. The ancient Irish clans used to take their name from their chief or leader so the MacAuleys would have been descendants of a chief who held long grudges against his enemies.

Another theory is that Amhalghaidh meant ‘spear warrior’. So the chief of the clan would have been a fighting man who protected the tribe.

Another origin of MacAuley is the Gaelic name Aleifr, or Olaf. This name originated in the Hebrides islands off the North West coast of Scotland. The name Aleifr literally meant ‘leaving God’. It is from the Vikings, who controlled the Hebrides for many years.

The name became popular in Scotland and many Scots took the name to Ireland, particularly the north. Most of the MacAuleys in Ulster are descended from Scottish settlers.

The MacAuley clans lost the majority of their land and power in the 1600s following the Plantation of Ulster, the Elizabethan conquest and later the Battle of the Boyne.

Notable McCauley's

  • Rosa Louise Parks (Nee McCauley) African American civil rights activist
  • Mother Catherine McAuley was an orphan who grew up in Dublin. She devoted her life to God and founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831. The Sisters of Mercy provided education for Catholic children at a time when only Protestant children were educated in Ireland. They also helped people who were ill or living in poverty.
  • Tucker Cawley is an award winning American writer. He is best known for co-writing the hit comedy Everybody Loves Raymond. He has won many awards including an Emmy for Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series.
  • Matt McAuley is an American musician from New York. He is best known as the bass layer for electro rock band A.R.E. Weapons.
  • Oscar winning actress Ann Hathaway is descended from the McCauleys. Her mother, also an actress, was born Kathleen McCauley.
  • Gordon McCauley (b. 1972), New Zealand five-time road cycling champion, 2006 Commonwealth Games bronze medalist
  • Darren McCauley (b. 1991), Irish footballer
  • Johnny McCauley (b. 1925), Irish singer/songwriter
  • Brigadier-General James Wayne McCauley (1900-1958), American Commanding General 32nd Air Division (1951-1953) [4]
  • Barry McCauley (1950-2001), American operatic tenor, 1980 recipient of the Richard Tucker Award
  • Charles Stewart McCauley (1793-1869), American naval officer in the War of 1812
  • Air Marshal Sir John Patrick Joseph McCauley KBE, CB (1899-1989), senior Royal Australian Air Force commander
  • Dennis McCauley (b. 1985), American professional ice hockey player
  • Patrick F. "Pat" McCauley (1870-1917), American Major League Baseball player
  • Gary Francis McCauley (b. 1940), Liberal party member of the Canadian House of Commons

Migration of the McCauley family to the New World and Oceana

McCauley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

"In 1876, John McCauley (Snr) arrived in New Zealand on board the "Jessie Osborne" with his family. During the arduous journey one grandchild died and was buried at sea, another being born nine days out from Auckland. They left their native Ireland to take up George Vesey Stewart's challenge 'transplanting of a little corner of Ulster upon a Garden of Eden in New Zealand' and, more specifically, in the Katikati Special Settlement in the Bay of Plenty"

McCauley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas McCauley, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Bucephalus"
  • Andrew McCauley, aged 38, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Melbourne"

McCauley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William McCauley, aged 28, a stonecutter, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Maria" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Henry McCauley, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Robert Burns" in 1834

McCauley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Alexander McCauley, who arrived in South Carolina in 1772

McCauley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James McCauley, aged 46, who landed in Louisiana in 1812
  • John McCauley, who landed in Maryland in 1821
  • Joseph McCauley, aged 35, who arrived in America in 1822
  • Jane McCauley, aged 55, who arrived in America in 1822
  • Mary McCauley, aged 26, who arrived in America in 1822

Variations of this surname

There are several variations of McCauley which include: