Historical records matching Col. Joseph Winston
About Joseph Winston
Colonel Joseph Winston
The City of Winston (part of Winston-Salem), North Carolina, built in 1851, was named in honor of a local war hero, Major Joseph Winston from Wilkes and Surry counties. He later became Colonel Joseph Winston.
Joseph Winston was a militia leader during the American Revolution and fought in three of Carolinas' decisive battles: Moore's Creek Bridge, Kings Mountain, and Guilford Courthouse. At the Battle of Kings Mountain, Major Winston had with him militiamen that he had gathered from the then Surry County area (which today includes Forsyth, Stokes, Surry, and Yadkin counties).
As a lifetime statesman, Colonel Joseph Winston was a Commissioner to Cherokee Indians, voted a sword by the General Assembly for gallantry, a State Senator, a Representative in Congress, and was twice a Presidential Elector.
The Winston-Salem Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution is named in his honor. There is a statue of Col. WInston at Guilford Battleground in North Carolina.
Tablet in Memorial Hall at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:
COL. JOSEPH WINSTON
- Born 1746 Died 1814
- Trustee University of North Carolina 1807-1813
- Member Hillsboro Congress of 1775
- Commissioner to Cherokee Indians 1777
- Major at King's Mountain 1780
- Voted a sword by the General Assembly for gallantry
- Eight times a State Senator
- Thrice Representative in Congress
- Twice Presidential Elector
- The Town of Winston Called in His Honor
This Tablet Erected by the Graded School of Winston
Col. Joseph Winston (June 17, 1746 in Louisa County, Virginia – April 21, 1815 near Germanton, North Carolina) was an American pioneer, planter and Revolutionary War hero from North Carolina, and the first cousin of statesman and Virginia governor Patrick Henry.
- Winston moved to the Stokes County, North Carolina area in 1766. During the American Revolutionary War he was a major, leading a company of riflemen in several important battles, including the Battle of Kings Mountain and the Battle of Guilford Court House.
- Winston later represented North Carolina as a U.S. Congressman and also served in the North Carolina Senate.
- He is buried in the National Park at the site of the Battle of Guilford Court House, where a monument erected in 1893 notes Winston's command of the militia forces.
- The town of Winston, North Carolina (which later became part of Winston-Salem) is named for him.
- ^ At the time of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, Joseph Winston had the rank of major. He was later promoted to colonel.
- ^ Winston-Salem: A History, Frank Tursi, Published by John F. Blair, 1994, ISBN 0895871157
- ^ A Memorial Volume of the Guilford Battle Ground Company, Organized May 6, 1887, at Greensboro, N.C., archive.org
- Winston's Congressional biography
- Statue of Joseph Winston, Monument, Guilford Courthouse, National Park Service, nps.gov
The following biographical sketch was written by Algine Foy Neely in May 1936 for the Col. Joseph Winston Chapter D.A.R., Winston-Salem, North Carolina. and was read before the Wachovia Historical Society, Winter 1936 and before the Philocalian Book Club on Sept. 28, 1948.
COL. JOSEPH WINSTON
A branch of the Winston family of Yorkshire, England settled in Wales and thence emigrated to Virginia. One of the Virginia descendants was Samuel Winston of Louisa County, Va. His sister, Sara, was the mother of Patrick Henry. This Winston had seven sons -- all actively engaged in the Revolutionary War. Among them was Joseph Winston, who was born in Louisa County, Va. June 7(17) 1746. When only 17 he joined a company of Rangers under Captain Philips, who marched from Louisa County to the frontiers on Jackson's Manor, where, marching under Capt. Leon Norfleet, they pursued a party of Indians between Forts Young and Dinwiddie, and were drawn into an ambuscade Sept. 30, 1763.
In 1766, according to Capt. Isaac Winston, a descendant of this distinguished Revolutionary officer, Joseph Winston moved to North Carolina, locating on Town Fork on the Dan River in what was then Surry County, subsequently Stokes County. The oldest deed to Joseph Winston, which has been found, bears date of 1774, and is recorded in Surry County. He was then "of North Carolina." In 1776 he went on an expedition against the Scotch Tories at Crosscreek.
Joseph Winston was appointed, in the year 1776, Ranger of Surry County, and Major in the militia served in the Rutherford County, Expedition against the Cherokees. In 1777 he was a member of the House of Commons, and the same year was appointed by Governor Caswell as Commissioner to treat with the Cherokee Indians, and associated with Col. Waightstill Avery, William Sharpe and Robert Lanier made the treaty of the Long Island of Holston, by which the Indians ceded all their lands, lying in the State of Tennessee, North Carolina and Virginia.
In 1780 Winston served in Col. Davidson's expedition in pursuit of Bryan's Tories and was with Cleveland against the Loyalists on the New River in a skirmish at Alamance. In 1780 under the Command of Col. Joseph McDowell, Major Joseph Winston, together with Col. Sevier, Col. Campbell, Col. Shelby, Col. Cleveland and Col. Williams and their men completely routed Col. Ferguson from King's Mountain. This battle of King's Mountain during the Revolution was the turning point of the fortunes of America, according to Wheeler's History. This decisive blow prostrated the British power for a time, vanquished the Tory influence, and encouraged the fruits of victory. In recognition of his services in the Revolutionary War, Major Winston was voted by the North Carolina Legislature a sword. This sword passed first to his son, Gen. Joseph Winston, whose wife was Lettie Hughes, and later to his grandson, Col. John H. Winston of Platte County, Mo. In Major Winston's will he gives this sword to his son Joseph with the injunction "Never to use it except in the defense of his country."
In February 1781 Major Winston led a party against a band of Tories. He shortly after joined General Green with a hundred riflemen at the Battle of Guilford. In 1792 and 3 and again in 1803 and 7 he represented his district in Congress. Three times Major Winston was chosen a member of the State Senate from Surry County, and when Stokes County was organized he was appointed Lieut. Colonel. He was first Senator elected from the newly formed Stokes County. He was five times elected to the Senate, the last time in 1812 when the Legislature provided for the presentation of the sword which was voted him in 1781 for his service in the Revolution.
Col. Winston died April 21, 1815. He left many worthy descendants -- three sons born at a single birth. One of them became a Major, another a Judge, and a third a State Senator and Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi. Another son remained in North Carolina, fought in the War of 1812, and became a Major-General, and also served in the State Legislature.
Col. Joseph Winston's Will is most interesting. Among his bequests we find he gave his son Joseph the homestead, etc.; Robert, lands and personal property; Sally, received his "precious bureau"; Louis received, among other things, his slaves, and his watch "to remember him by"; Samuel received his diamond knee buckles, "as a curiosity to remember him by." Fountain received his gold sleeve buttons, etc. Eight thousand acres of land were divided.
Dr. Adelaid Fries, local historian of note, in correspondence with Capt. Isaac Winston of New York City, many years ago, secured this information of his noted ancestor:
Joseph Winston married Minerva Elizabeth Lanier, a sister of Robert Lanier of Shallowford. Her grave still remains in Stokes County at the old homesite, which is situated just two miles beyond Germanton, fourteen miles from Winston-Salem, N.C. Her tombstone reads "Elizabeth Winston, born Sept. 24, 1750, died Dec. 4, 1794." The Moravian records of Salem Congregation Diary 1775, date Aug. 12, 1775, in "Records of Moravians in North Carolina", Vol. I, Page 881, by Dr. Adelaid Fries, reads thus: "Col. Kanon came through again and told us about the election yesterday at Richmond Court House for five delegates to the Congress in Millsboro. They are Martin Armstrong, Lanier, and his brother-in-law Williams and Winston and Billy Hill."
Mrs. Lucy Henderson Horton, historian, in her book "Family History, including Hughes, Dalton, Martin, Henderson, all originally in Virginia, and many kindred branches," gives the information that Col. Winston married Jane Dalton, March 24, 1769. Jane was the daughter of Samuel Dalton and Dandridge Reed of Mayo, North Carolina.
In 1914 Col. Joseph Winston's remains were disinterred by Dr. Wade Bynum of Germanton, N.C. and Col. Joseph Morehead, of Greensboro and reinterred at Guilford Battleground. There in "The battlefield of Guilford Court House" on the crest of the hill beyond Lake Wilfong is a monument erected by Governor Thomas H. Holt in 1893. This is surmounted by a portrait statue of Major Joseph Winston giving his order to charge. The tablet reads: "In Memory of the North Carolina troops under Major Joseph Winston, who were fighting the Hessians and Tarleton's Cavalry near this spot after the Continental line had retreated from the field of battle, March 15, 1781." On the side of the stone are inscribed the names: "Major Joseph Winston, Captain Jesse Franklin, Richard Talliferro, Palman qui meruit ferat." The graves of Ex-Governor Jesse Franklin and Major Winston are beside this monument. Major Winston's tombstone was moved thither from the family graveyard near Germanton.
Joseph Winston's children were: Martha, Elizabeth, Thomas, Joseph, 1790, later General; Sarah, Robert L.; the triplets, William H., Samuel L. and Louis L., born Nov. 24, 1784; John and Fountain. Samuel L. became a General in the War of 1812; Louis was a Judge of the Supreme Court of Mississippi; and Fountain settled in Alabama, and his son became Governor of the State of Alabama.
Stokes County has many records of the activities of Col. Joseph Winston as a landowner, entry taker, and one record of superior Court minutes of Stokes County, Oct. 15, 1811, states that the Grand Jury was impannelled with "Col. Joseph Winston -- foreman."
The city of Winston is named for this illustrious hero of Revolutionary fame. And, it is altogether fitting that the General Joseph Winston Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution should place a boulder of stone, and thereon a bronze tablet, on the homesite of this Revolutionary officer. The home, which was just two miles beyond Germanton, was razed many years ago, but to the left of the site is the Hampton Bynum home of early days. Hampton Bynum bought the property of Col. Winston from his son, General Joseph Winston on April 13, 1839, it having been willed to him by his father. The deed is now on record at Danbury. To the right down towards the river are the graves of the Bynums, and next thereto are the graves of Joseph Winston's wife and children.
The Winston and Bynum estate is now owned by Mr. and Mrs. A.L. Butner of Arbor Road, who have graciously given permission to the chapter to erect this marker on the homesite of Col. Joseph Winston.
[Contributed by John W. Wilbanks 1 Oct 2000]
Newspaper Article - 1892 (reprinted, without original source, at http://www.fmoran.com/winston.html):
Prominent among the early friends of liberty in North Carolina was Col. Joseph Winston. He belongs to an old Yorkshire family, which had settled in Wales and afterwards emigrated to Virginia soon distinguishing itself thereby its talent and its love of liberty. These qualities were nobly illustrated in the lives of Judge Winston and of Patrick Henry, the great Virginia orator, whose mother was a Winston. Some authorities say that Patrick Henry's mother was the sister of Col. Jos. Winston's father. Col. Winston was born in Louisa county, Virginia, June 17th, 1745, inheriting the liberty-loving spirit of his ancestors and a fondness for the hardships ad adventures of the chase.
He received a fair education according to the standard of the day, but was more adventurous than studious. At the age of 17 he joined a company of Rangers formed for the purpose of fighting the Indians, who were very troublesome in that section. During an expedition to the frontier for the object of punishing a marauding party, his company was ambuscaded and made a desperate resistance, but were overpowered and put to flight. During this skirmish young Winston acted with great gallantry. His horse was killed under him and he himself received to balls; one in the thigh, and the other in the body. Dragging himself painfully into the underbrush, the Indians in pursuit of the retreating Rangers, passed him by. Here he would doubtless have perished had he not been discovered by comrades, who like himself had sought the brush for refuge. His friend being unwounded aided him in escape, faithfully carrying him on his back for three days, until they reached the welcome shelter of a frontier man's cabin. During this toilsome and painful journey they had no food save the berries of the wild roses, which fortunately, were quite plentiful. One of the bullets which he then received was never extricated and continued to the end of his life to be a source of suffering.
Early in 1770, Winston migrated to what was then Surry, now Stokes County, North Carolina, settling in the vicinity of the forks of Dan River. He embraced with ardor the cause of the Colonies in the dispute with the mother country, and was chosen by the people of his county to represent them in the important Provincial Congress of 1775. In February following the was one of an expedition against the Scotch Tories on Cross Creek, who in the endeavor to effect a junction with the royal troops under Sir Henry Clinton were signally defeated at Moore's Creek Bridge on the 27th of that month.
By the Provincial Congress of April, 1776, he was appointed lst Major and Commandant of the Militia for the county of Surry. In this capacity he served under Gen. Griffith Rutherford in arduous expedition across the mountains in the fall of the same year. By this expedition the Cherokees were so effectively humbled that they continued peaceful during the rest of the war.
Under the Constitution of 1776, Major Wins ton was elected a member of the first House of Commons, which met the following years. Upon him, in conjunction with Waighstill Avery and Robert Lanier, was conferred the important duty of effecting a permanent settlement with the lately humbled Cherokees. They succeeded in securing the celebrated treaty of the Long Island of Holston, thereby extinguishing the Indian tititle to a large area of land and establishing a peace which enabled the western people to devote all their engeries to the defeat of the British. Without this treaty the victory of King's Mountain would have been impossible, as the mountaineers would have been exposed to the attacks of the savages.
During the Britain invasion of North Carolina, Major Winston was in active service against them and against the Tories. He fought with the gallant but unfortunate General William Davidson against Cornwallis and afterwards with Col. Cleveland against the Loyalists of New River.
From 1807 to 1813 he served as a Trustee of the University of North Carolina, thus showing his interest in higher education, which was just then struggling for recognition. Immediately after the battle of King's Mountain, the General Assembly of his State voted Colonel Winston a sword, in recognition of his gallantry on that memorable day; but in the harassing trials of the war, the vote was not carried into effect. It was not until the beginning of the second War of Independence that this duty was performed.
His reply when this honor was conferred upon him was characteristic of the man, and in its laconic brevity breathes the sublime virtue of the ancient Spartan. He said, "Mr. Speaker, I am at a loss for words to express my sense of honor which the General Assembly has conferred upon me by this grateful present. I trust that the sword which is directed to be presented to me, will never be tarnished by cowardice, but be wielded in defense of my country[s right and independence." Thus was his last public service crowned by a noble testimonial of his people's love and gratitude. He died on the 21st of April, 1814.
In person, Col. Winston was of commanding presence and fine manners. His form was stately, his countenance noble and expressive; in some features resembling his kinsman, Patrick Henry. His nature was fitted rather for action than for contemplation or speech.
Warrior, Statesman, Patriot, Educator, he yet "lives in the hearts of his countrymen." His monument in the thriving and progressive town of Winston, which was fitly named in his honor, since the liberty he so greatly aided in establishing, alone made its existence a possibility.
In the grand Memorial Hall at Chapel Hill, amid the names of other illustrious Carolinians, is a tablet to the memory of Colonel Joseph Winston. It reads as follows:
COL. JOSEPH WINSTON Born 1746 Died 1814 Trustee University of North Carolina 1807-1813 Member Hillsboro Congress of 1775 Commissioner to Cherokee Indians 1777 Major at King's Mountain 1780 Voted a sword by the General Assembly for gallantry Eight times a State Senator Thrice Representative in Congress Twice Presidential Elector The Town of Winston Called in His Honor This Tablet Erected by the Graded School of Winston
From Curt Nordling's World Connect database:
1769 Moved to Stokes County,NC 7 OCT 1780 Battle of King's Mountain 12 FEB 1787 50 pds..88 ac..S side of Townfork in Surry Co. from David Davis
The following is from the book "Historical Sketches of North Carolina - from 1584 to 1851" by Col. John H. Wheeler page 148:
The name of JOSEPH WINSTON is one worthy of notice. He was a native of Stokes. He was the early and devoted friend of liberty. In 1775 and 1776, he represented Stokes in the meetings of the patriots of that day.
He was, in 1777, appointed by Governor Caswell, Commissioner to treat with the Cherokee Indians, and associated with Col. Waightsill Avery, William Sharpe, and Robert Lanier, made the treaty of the Long Island of Holston, by which the Indians ceded all their lands lying in the States of Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia.
He was one of those gallant spirits who led the brave mountaineers on the heights of King's Mountain on the 7th of October, 1780, and drove the British and Tories from their position, a position which their officer, Colonel Ferguson, impiously had declared, "that God Almighty could not drive them from." He was a major in this battle, and with Colonel McDowell and Sevier, commanded the right wing in that fierce and bloody afair.
In 1791, he was the first Senator elected from the (then) recently erected county of Stokes, which he occasionally served in the Legislature as late as 1812. He was a member of Congress in 1793 to 1795, and in 1803 to 1807.
He lived near Germantown, and died in 1814, leaving a large family. He was remarkable for his devoted patriotism, and regard for popular rights, and more for these qualities, than for either literary acquirements or intellectual power.
From the research of Wendy Pitre Roostan: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/pitretrail/myline/maternal/jwinston.htm
Notes for Joseph Winston:
- 1790 Salisbury, Stokes Co., NC: Joseph Winston - males 2 (16+), 5 <16, 2 females, 18 slaves
- 1790: Member of NC State Senate (democrat)
- 1793-1795, 1803-07 (at-large 1793-95, 12th District 1803-05, at-large 1805-07): U.S. Representative from NC
- 1800 Salisbury, Stokes Co., NC census: Joseph Winston – males 1 (10-16), 3 (16-26), 1 (45+), 1 other, 21 slaves.
- 1810 Germantown, Stokes Co., NC census: Joseph Winston – males 1 (16-26), 1 (45+), 2 others, 27 slaves.
- From The History of a County on the March (Forsyth): Joseph Winston was a man of family and property. In the 17th century, (allegedly) five Winston brothers of Winston Hall in Yorkshire, England settled in Hanover County, VA. Joseph and his 1st cousin Patrick Henry spent much of their boyhood together. He was active in land speculation as a young man. The failure of one of his larger Virginia schemes led him to Surry County in the late 1760's. He settled down on the Town Fork of the Dan River and began to raise a family. In 1782 he owned 980 acres of land and 15 slaves. In 1790 he owned 1362 acres and18 slaves. On his death he left a will in which he indicated ownership of 900 acres in Stokes County and 8000 acres of western lands. His body was moved to Guilford Courthouse National Military Park in 1908. At the park, an impressive statue and large portrait commemorate Winston's contributions.
- The sword was donated in the 1950's to Guilford Co. Courthouse. It has a trifoil blade, brass hilt, bone handle, and inscription "State of N. C. to Col. Joseph WINSTON" and "Kings Mountain 7th October 1780". They also have his epaulettes. His sword appears to have been willed to his son William.
Col. Joseph Winston's Timeline
June 17, 1746
Louisa, Louisa County, Virginia, United States
August 28, 1766
Rowan Co, NC
January 5, 1768
Surry or Stokes Co, NC
November 24, 1784