Odo (Eudes), King of France

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Odo / Eudes

Also Known As: "Eudes", "Odo"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: France
Death: Died in La Faere-Sur-Oise, , France
Place of Burial: St Denis, Isle De France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert IV "le Fort", marquis de Neustrie and Adelaide of Tours
Husband of Théodrate de Troyes
Father of Raoul King Of Aquitaine, King; Arnulf Prince Of av Frankrike, Prince Of France; Guy av Frankrike, Prince Of France; Leopold, Prince and Robert I -
Brother of Robert I, King of France; Richildes de France and Berthe Senlis
Half brother of Conrad II "the Younger", duke of Transjurane Burgundy; Judith d'Auxerre; Adele Van Meaux; Ava d'Auxerre; Welf II, count of Argengau and 10 others

Occupation: King of Western Francia (France) 888-898, Count of Orléans, Count of Paris
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Odo (Eudes), King of France

Odo or Eudes of the West Franks, later King of France

Son of Comte Robert "le Fort" & his wife

According to the FMG Medieval Lands database on the Capetians:

1. EUDES [Odo] (in Neustria [after 852][31]-La Fère-sur-Oise 3 Jan 898).

  • Herimannus names "Odo filius Roudperti" when recording his assuming power in "Gallia usque ad Ligerim et in Aquitania" after the death of Emperor Karl III[32].
  • The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Odonem ducem Aquitanio" succeeded as king of France, stating that he was "filius Raimundi comitis Lemovicensis"[33], although it is not known on what information this may be based.
  • He succeeded his father in 866 as Marquis en Neustrie, but was dispossessed in 868 by Charles II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks in favour of Hugues l’Abbé.
  • He was created Comte de Paris 882-83, after unsuccessfully challenging Hugues l’Abbé for his inheritance.
  • Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours: "Eudes…comme abbé de Saint-Martin" exchanged "la villa de Marsat en Auvergne et la villa…Dronius" for "les villæ…Balneacum et Vineas situées en Berri dans le vicaria Corboninse" with Frothaire Archbishop of Bourges by charter dated May 886[34].
  • He was finally invested as Marquis de Neustrie in Sep 886, following the death during the siege of Paris of Duke Heinrich (who was ancestor of the "alte" Babenberg family, see the document FRANCONIA NOBILITY) to whom Emperor Charles II had granted the territories of Robert “le Fort” on the death of Hugues l’Abbé earlier in the same year[35].
  • "Odo Parisiorum pagi…comes" donated land at Fontenay, Charenton to Notre-Dame by charter dated to before 888, subscribed by "Roberti comitis, Altmari comitis"[36].
  • He was acclaimed as EUDES King of France 29 Feb 888. He was consecrated king at Compiègne by the Archbishop of Sens.
  • King Eudes defeated the Normans at Montfaucon-en-Argonne 24 Jun 888, after which he was recognised as king by Arnulf King of the East Franks who sent royal insignia for a second consecration at Reims 13 Nov 888[37].
  • He was succeeded by the Carolingian Charles III, who had been consecrated as anti-king at Reims 28 Jan 893, according to the agreement reached in 897 between the two adversaries after Eudes defeated Charles[38].
  • The Annales Prumienses record the death "898 III Non Ian" of "Odo rex"[39]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Odo rex"[40].
m as her first husband, '''THEODERADA''', daughter of --- (-18 Oct [after 900]).  "Odo…rex" confirmed the possessions of "monasterio Vedastino" by charter dated 21 May [891/92] which names "coniux nostra Theoderada"[41].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[42], she was Theoderada, [daughter of Aledramn [II]].  The primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  Settipani says that it has no historical basis[43].  Nevertheless, Theoderic, supposed son of Adelramn [II], was a strong supporter of King Eudes, as recorded in the Annales Vedastini[44], which is best explained by a family connection: if the relationship is correct, he would have been Theoderada´s brother.  She married secondly Otto.  Her second marriage is confirmed by the Kalendarium Sanctæ Mariæ Virdunensis, which records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Otto comes venerabilis qui dedit fratribus Haraudi montem, Bresadi villam, Samepodium"[45], read together with the necrology of Verdun Cathedral which records the death "XV Kal Nov" of "Theudrada regina et postea sancti monialis qui cum viro suo Hattone dedit fratribus Haraldi montem"[46].  These two sources make it clear that "viro suo Hattone" named in the second cannot refer to Eudes King of France, who would not have been called "Otto comes" in the first.  

King Eudes & his wife had [three] children: a) children . King Eudes refers to his unnamed children in 889 according to Settipani, who does not cite the primary source on which this is based[47]. b) [RAOUL ([882]-after 898). He is named as son of King Eudes in Europäische Stammtafeln[48] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified. King of Aquitaine.] c) [ARNOUL ([885]-898). The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "filius eius Arnulfus" succeeded on the death of father "Francorum…rege Odone" but lived only a short time[49]. This is the only source so far identified which mentions Arnoul.] d) [GUY [Wido] . "Alanus" [Duke of Brittany] signed a charter dated 28 Aug 903 witnessed by "…Guido filius Ottonis regis Franciæ qui tunc erat cum Alano"[50]. According to Settipani, the charter is a forgery[51].]

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odo_of_France

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Eudes, Roi de France (1) M, #105189, b. 856, d. 898 Last Edited=31 Oct 2004

    Eudes, Roi de France was born in 856. He was the son of Robert of Neustria, Duke of Neustria. He died in 898. (1)
    Eudes, Roi de France gained the title of Roi Eudes de France in 888. (1)

Forrás / Source: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10519.htm#i105189

--------------------

Odo (or Eudes) (c. 860 - January 3, 898) was a king of the Franks (888 - 898). He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris.

For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris, Odo was chosen king by the western Franks when the emperor Charles the Fat was deposed in 887, and was crowned at Compiègne in February 888.

He continued to battle against the Normans, whom he defeated at Montfaucon and elsewhere, but was soon involved in a struggle with some powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, afterwards King Charles III, to the Frankish kingdom.

To gain prestige and support, Odo payed homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia, but in 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. Eventually, after a struggle which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival, and to surrender to him a district north of the Seine. He died at La Fère on January 1, 898.

Odo married Théodrate of Troyes and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen. -------------------- Odo (or Eudes I) (c. 860 – 1 January 898) was King of Western Francia (888 - 898). He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris. His family is known as the Robertians.

History Odo was the eldest son of Robert the Strong, Duke of the Franks and Marquis of Neustria, belonging to the branch known as the Robertians. After his father's death in 886 Odo inherited his father's title of Marquis of Neustria. In 866, King Charles the Bald assigned this title to Hugh the Abbot. Between 882 and 883, Odo was made Count of Paris and in September 886, he was invested Marquis of Neustria following the death of Count Henry in the siege of Paris. He was also lay abbot of St. Martin of Tours. Following the death of Hugh the Abbot on May 12th, 886, Odo became Marquis of Neustria.

For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris, Odo became the chosen king by the western Franks, following the removal of emperor Charles the Fat. He was crowned at Compiègne in February 888 by Walter, Archbishop of Sens. Before going to Rheims to receive the crown of Western Francia, he sought his presence[clarification needed] at Worms in order to place himself under Arnulf protection (August 888).[1]

He continued to battle against the Normans, whom he defeated at Montfaucon, but was soon involved in a struggle with powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, to the Frankish throne.

In 889 and 890 Odo granted special privileges to the County of Manresa in Osona. Because of its position on the front line against Moorish aggression, it was given the right to build towers of defence called manresanas or manresanes. This privilege was responsible for giving Manresa its unique character separate from the rest of Osona for the next two centuries.[citation needed]

To gain prestige and support, Odo paid homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia. In 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. After a conflict which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival, and to surrender a district north of the Seine to him. Odo died in La Fère on 1 January 898

Family Odo married Théodrate of Troyes and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen.

-------------------- Odo (or Eudes I) (c. 860 – 1 January 898) was King of Western Francia (888 - 898). He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris. His family is known as the Robertians.

[edit] History For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris, Odo was chosen king by the western Franks when the emperor Charles the Fat was deposed in 887 and was crowned at Compiègne in February 888.

He continued to battle against the Normans, whom he defeated at Montfaucon and elsewhere, but was soon involved in a struggle with some powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, afterwards King Charles III, to the Frankish kingdom.

In 889 and 890 Odo granted special privileges to the County of Manresa in Osona. Because of its position on the front line against Moorish aggression, it was given the right to build towers of defence called manresanas or manresanes. This privilege was responsible for giving Manresa its unique character separate from the rest of Osona for the next two centuries.

To gain prestige and support, Odo paid homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia, but in 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. Eventually, after a struggle which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival, and to surrender to him a district north of the Seine. He died at La Fère on 1 January 898.

[edit] Family Odo married Théodrate of Troyes and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen.

[edit] References


A Romantic image (1883) of Eudes regaining Paris by riding through the besiegersErnest Lavisse, Histoire de France, tome ii. (Paris, 1903) E. Favre, Eudes, comte de Paris et roi de France (Paris, 1893). This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Preceded by Charles the Fat King of Western Francia 887–898 Succeeded by Charles III

-------------------- According to the Wikipedia page on Odo of France: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odo_of_France

Odo (or Eudes I) (c. 860 – 1 January 898) was the Margrave of Neustria (886-888) and King of Western Francia (888 - 898). (French Wikipedia says he was born after 852, and notes that he was the first king of the Robertian dynasty.)

He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris. His family is known as the Robertians.

History

Odo was the eldest son of Robert the Strong, Duke of the Franks and Marquis of Neustria, belonging to the branch known as the Robertians. After his father's death in 866 Odo inherited his father's title of Marquis of Neustria.

In 868, King Charles the Bald assigned the title of Marquis of Neustria to Hugh the Abbot.

Between 882 and 883, Odo was made Count of Paris (French Wikipedia says "no doubt with the agreement of Hugh the Abbot and the support of Bishop Joscelin" - the article notes that this caused the Robertians to shift themselves northward to Paris, the capital of France, Neustria, and Burgundy), and in September 886, he was invested Marquis of Neustria following the death of Count Henry in the siege of Paris. He was also lay abbot of St. Martin of Tours (after the death of Hugh the Abbot in 886). Following the death of Hugh the Abbot on May 12, 886, Odo became Marquis of Neustria.

For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris (during the winter of 885 and 886), Odo became the chosen king by the western Franks, following the removal of emperor Charles the Fat.

(The French Wikipedia page says that during the siege, the death of Comte Henry allows him in September 886 to be invested the Margrave of Neustria. In June 885, following the death of Carloman in December 884, he was appointed by Emperor of the West Charles the Fat to be King of West Francia, extending Odo's territorial base over a number of additional counties - Tours, Blois, and Angers in particular.)

(French Wikipedia says: The next step for Odo is royalty itself. Charles the Fat is dethroned as Emperor by the nobles just before his death in 888. He is specifically faulted for having been slow to send men to fight against the Normans, and was content in October 886, despite the fierce resistance of Paris, to offer to pay them to cease their attacks without success; they start to loot Burgundy instead. This inability to restore order in the kingdom discredits Charles III. As a result of the Robertians taking such a prominent stand in the defense of Paris against the Vikings over the winter, Odo is elected to replace the King of Western Francia - after the rightful heir to the throne, Charles III, later known as The Simple, is rejected for being too young. On February 29, 888, in the sacred Abbaye-St-Corneille in Compagne, Archbishop of Sens Gaultier crowns him.)

He was crowned at Compiègne in February 888 by Walter, Archbishop of Sens. Before going to Rheims to receive the crown of Western Francia, he went to Worms in order to place himself under Arnulf's protection (August 888).[1]

(French Wikipedia says: The fact that Odo, elected to lead the Kingdom of Burgundy in 879, is not a descendant of Charlemagne shows how the position of senior aristocracy had strengthened in the Carolingian state. Without denying a certain legitimacy to members of the Carolingian family, the nobility chose not to be a prisoner to it. They chose instead to elect a man from the kingdom who has the most obvious qualities to assume the royal office. Election by acclamation becomes a major component of gaining the throne, while the coronation itself loses its effectiveness as a foundation of royal power.)

He continued to battle against the Normans (Vikings), whom he defeated in the forests of Montfaucon d'Argonne (24 June 888), but was soon involved in a struggle with powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, to the Frankish throne.

(French Wikipedia says: Odo's throne remained in dispute, mainly because of opposition from Archbishop Fulk of Rheims and the Count of Poitiers - guardian of the young Charles III. Odo needs the support of Arnulf of Carinthia, King of East Francia, in order to obtain the support of all the men of the kingdom. He formalizes by a second coronation in Rheims on 13 November 888 using mantle, crown, and scepter sent by Arnulf from Aachen.)

In 889 and 890 Odo granted special privileges to the County of Manresa in Osona. Because of its position on the front line against Moorish aggression, it was given the right to build towers of defence called manresanas or manresanes. This privilege was responsible for giving Manresa its unique character separate from the rest of Osona for the next two centuries.[citation needed]

(French Wikipedia says: Odo, as king, won a second victory over the Vikings near Montpensier in Limagne. The Normans still plundered the cities of Meaux, Troyes, Toul, Verdun, Evreux, and St-Lo. Still, his willingness to fight against Norman invasions remained intermittent,since he is often content to pay them tribute or Danegeld to stop their violence.)

To gain prestige and support, Odo paid homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia.

(French Wikipedia says: Odo cannot actually restore royal power to what it was during the time of Charles the Bald. In reality, he only controls the regions of the Loire and the Seine. This is seen partly from the fact that throughout his reign Charles will seek to recover the throne of his father, relying persistently on Carolingian legitimacy, especially among lands between the Seine and the Meuse. He has allies in the struggle amongst the great earls and feudal lords, including Baldwin II.)

(French Wikipedia then says: The crowning at Rheims of Charles the Simple on 28 January 893 provides an opportunity for the princes to support more or less openly an alternative King, whose existence undermines the legitimacy and hence the power of the Robertian family. From this point of view, the taking of Rheims does not in fact change things; neither side's position is assured. The aristocrats of the kingdom know and use the both of them, playing one king against the other to increase their power in the kingdom, including in terms of territory.)

In 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. After a conflict which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival (just before his death), and to surrender a district north of the Seine (belonging to the royal treasury) to him.

Odo died in La Fère on 1 January 898 (and is buried at St-Denis.)

Family

Odo married Théodrate of Troyes (granddaughter of Aleran, Comte de Troyes) and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen.

(French Wikipedia says that his sons include: 1. Raoul, King of Aquitaine (c. 882 - after 898) 2. Arnulf (885 - after 898) 3. Guy (888+))

Notes 1.^ Gwatking, H. M., Whitney, J. P., et al. Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III—Germany and the Western Empire. Cambridge University Press: London, 1930. [edit] References


Ernest Lavisse, Histoire de France, tome ii. (Paris, 1903) E. Favre, Eudes, comte de Paris et roi de France (Paris, 1893).

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

French Reference:

1.↑ Genealogy Eudes site FMG

2.↑ Henry Leonard Bordier, Two unpublished charters of 769 and 789 years. Library of school charters , 1846 P.75

3.↑ Michel Parisse and Xavier Barral I Altet The Robertians : ascenssion , and coronation coronation in The king and his kingdom of France , around the year one thousand, Proceedings Hugh Capet 987-1987 , France Year Mil , Paris , Senlis , 22-25 June 1987 , Picard , 1992 P.20

4.↑ Lawrence Theis The legacy of Charles, Seuil , 1990, p. 117

5.↑ From a letter of Fulk of Reims to Charles II the bulk , quoted by Lawrence Theis The legacy of Charles, Seuil , 1990, p. 117

6.↑ Michel Parisse and Xavier Barral I Altet op. cit ., P.21

7.↑ Christian Bonnet, Christine Descatoire , The Carolingians, 741-987Armand Colin , 2001 , p. 91

8.↑ Claude Gauvard, France in the Middle Ages, PUF, 1996, p. 117

9.↑ Claude Gauvard, France in the Middle Ages, PUF, 1996, p. 112-113

10.↑ Jean - Pierre Bayard, Coronations and royal coronationsGuy Trédaniel , 1984 P.59

11.↑ Régine Le Jan, History of France : origins and first flight, 480-1180Hachette , 1996 P.104

12.↑ Olivier Guillot , Albert Rigaudiere Yves Sassier Authorities and institutions in medieval France , Volume I : Origins to the feudal eraArmand Colin, 2003 , p. 161

13.↑ Lawrence Theis The legacy of Charles, Seuil , 1990, p. 129

14.↑ Dominique Barthelemy ChivalryFayard, 2007 P.113

15.↑ Claude Gauvard, France in the Middle Ages, PUF, 1996, p. 118

16.↑ Lawrence Theis History of the French Middle Ages : Annotated Chronology, Editions Complexe , 1995 57

17.↑ Lawrence Theis The legacy of Charles, Seuil , 1990, p. 132

18.↑ Lawrence Theis The legacy of Charles, Seuil , 1990, p. 134

19.↑ Olivier Guillot , Albert Rigaudiere Yves Sassier op.cit.P. 162

20.↑ Christian Bonnet, Christine Descatoire , op.cit.P. 91

21.↑ Richer of Reims History[archive] Images : 53 P.31 and 55 : P.33

French Bibliography

Victor Duruy, History of Europe and especially France, 395-1270 ( Third Class ), Hachette, 1880 .

Michel Sot, Inheritance and Royal before the sacred power 987 - The advent of Eudes, P.712 and following -------------------- Odo (or Eudes I) (c. 860 – January 1, 898) was a king of the Franks (888 - 898). He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris. His family is known as the Robertians.

For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris, Odo was chosen king by the western Franks when the emperor Charles the Fat was deposed in 887, and was crowned at Compiègne in February 888.

He continued to battle against the Normans, whom he defeated at Montfaucon and elsewhere, but was soon involved in a struggle with some powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, afterwards King Charles III, to the Frankish kingdom.

In 889 and 890 Odo granted special privileges to the County of Manresa in Osona. Because of its position on the front line against Moorish aggression, it was given the right to build towers of defence called manresanas or manresanes. This privilege was respondible for giving Manresa its unique character separate from the rest of Osona for the next two centuries.

To gain prestige and support, Odo paid homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia, but in 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. Eventually, after a struggle which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival, and to surrender to him a district north of the Seine. He died at La Fère on January 1, 898.

Odo married Théodrate of Troyes and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen. -------------------- Odo

(or Eudes I) (c. 860 – January 1, 898) was a king of the Franks (888 - 898). He was a son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and is sometimes referred to as duke of France and also as count of Paris. His family is known as the Robertians.

For his skill and bravery in resisting the attacks of the Normans at the Siege of Paris, Odo was chosen king by the western Franks when the emperor Charles the Fat was deposed in 887, and was crowned at Compiègne in February 888.

He continued to battle against the Normans, whom he defeated at Montfaucon and elsewhere, but was soon involved in a struggle with some powerful nobles, who supported the claim of Charles, afterwards King Charles III, to the Frankish kingdom.

In 889 and 890 Odo granted special privileges to the County of Manresa in Osona. Because of its position on the front line against Moorish aggression, it was given the right to build towers of defence called manresanas or manresanes. This privilege was responsible for giving Manresa its unique character separate from the rest of Osona for the next two centuries.

To gain prestige and support, Odo paid homage to the Eastern Frankish King Arnulf of Carinthia, but in 894 Arnulf declared for Charles. Eventually, after a struggle which lasted for three years, Odo was compelled to come to terms with his rival, and to surrender to him a district north of the Seine. He died at La Fère on January 1, 898.

Odo married Théodrate of Troyes and had two known sons, Arnulf (born probably about 885) and Guy (born probably about 888), neither of whom lived past the age of fifteen.

References


A Romantic image (1883) of Eudes regaining Paris by riding through the besiegersErnest Lavisse, Histoire de France, tome ii. (Paris, 1903) E. Favre, Eudes, comte de Paris et roi de France (Paris, 1893). This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odo_of_france

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Odo (Eudes), King of France's Timeline

860
January 1, 860
France
881
881
Age 21
France
882
882
Age 22
Of, Aquitaine, France
885
885
Age 25
Of, France
888
888
Age 28
France
898
January 1, 898
Age 38
La Faere-Sur-Oise, , France
January 898
Age 38
St Denis, Isle De France, France
????
????