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About Adam Hollinger

ADAM ABRAM HOLLINGER was born ca.1741 in Ireland (per marriage records-Immaculate Conception Church of Mobile, Alabama) and died in 1828 in Washington Co. Alabama and was buried on his plantation "Belmont Place" near Mount Vernon on the banks of the Tombigbee River.

There is still much to be learned about him prior to coming to America and about his family history, such as who his parents and family were. Adam was a well-known Indian countryman. He lived among the Creek Indians and operated a river crossing, known as Hollingers Ferry. He established this flat boat ferry on the Tombigbee River in 1797, and this ferry was the only crossing between Fort Stoddert and Fort Mims. He owned a large tract of land on the Cut off Island, and the land stayed in the family for a very long time. He was married three times that we know of, but in the 1789 Spanish census, he states that he was married at the age of 19, thus leads me to wonder if he was married prior to coming to Alabama and prior to his first marriage to unknown Indian woman, mother of William R. Hollinger. (?) According to his date of birth, he would have been age 41 when his son William was born, so it is very likely.

Information taken from "Early Washington County", by Robert V. Haynes: "In June 18, Sargeant announced his patronage decisions. As justices of the county courts he named James Fair, John Johnson, Joh Chastang, John Caller, Joseph Thompson and Flood McGrew; he selected John Pierce to be county coronor; David Mims, treasurer; Samuel McCarckle, prothonotary to the Court of Common Pleas, Clerk of Court of General Quarter Sessions, and County Recorder; and James Fair, Judge of Probate. To the coveted post of Sheriff, Wilson Carmen was appointed as a reward for loyal services. The officers of the county militia were Adam Hollinger, Joseph Stiggins, captians; Flood McGrew and William Pierce, Lietenants and Daniel Johnson and John Lindar, ensigns. NOTE: The Sargeant was Governor Sargeant. About 1797, Adam Hollinger and some of his friends took Jacob Townshen prisoner and killed him. Read Benjamin Hawkin's account.

It is said about 1782, during his time living in the Creek Nation, Adam Hollinger took and Indian maiden as his wife or consort. It is with great possibility that they were married according to Creek marriage rites, however no written records of the marriage have been located as of this day. Many descendants of William Hollinger claimed kinship to William Weatherford through William Hollinger, so it's very possible and a logical assertion that William Hollinger's Indian mother was of the "Clan of the Wind", the same clan of which Sehoy III, Weatherford's mother, was a memeber of. This marriage-union produced one mestizo son, William Randall Hollinger. See his page to learn more about him and his life.

It's interesting to note that Benjamin Hawkins, first appointed as United States Indian agent in the Southeast and then as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the territory south of the Ohio River, lived among the Creek and Choctaw, and knew them well. He commented in letters to President Thomas Jefferson that Creek women were matriarchs and had control of children "when connected with a white man."[1] Hawkins observed that even wealthy traders were nearly as "inattentive" to their mixed-race children as "the Indians". What he did not understand about the Creek culture was that the children had a closer relationship with their mother's eldest brother than with their biological father, because of the importance of the clan kinship system

William Randall Hollinger- first born son, b: ca.1782 in Creek Indian nation in Alabama d: May 1860 Monroe Co. Alabama

  • *On 4 March 1789, I, the undersigned Pastor of Mobile, baptized solemnly in Samuel Mims' house, William, about 7 years old, Mestizo, son of Adam Hollinger and an Indian. Godparents are Joseph Thompson and Madame Mims.

Rev. Miguel Lampost

As the Creek were a matrillineal culture, the unknown Indian mother's children are considered part of her clan and absorbed into the tribe. Her clan status, the same as her male clan relatives, secured the status of her children. Property and inheritance were sometimes passed through the maternal line. In this kinship system, a boy's maternal uncle was more important to his upbringing that his biological father. William R. Hollinger was 1/2 blooded Creek Indian from his unknown mother's side. Since we cannot locate any information about William's mother at this time, it is in my opinion that she could possibly have died in childbirth since she is not found on any census or documents after William's birth.

Note: With how Muscogee Creek tradition was, it's quite possible to take into account Adam Hollinger's statement in his will (see below) where he is definitely identified in that household (i.e., David Tate) at the time of his father's conveyance of slaves to his children in 1808 and would have been 26 years of age.

I give to my half-breed son William who lives at Mr. David Tate's a negro boy named Bob, now about fifteen years of age who I sometime since gave to him by word of mouth and delivered unto his posession

Could William David Tate be a Uncle or clan member? It's quite probable that William Randall "Billy" Hollinger was raised in the household of Sehoy Tate Weatherford or other maternal kin of his Indian mother.

In 1785, in Tinsas Settlement listed on the Spanish-English census in Alabama, Samuel Mims and Adam Hollinger are found with 0 females, 0 infants, 6 negro men, 6 negro women, 12 negro children, 18 horses and 180 other beast.

In 1787, Adam Hollinger is listed on the Mobile, Mobile Co.Alabama early census vols.1 and 2 as a resident and states his age was 46.

  • *On 12 August 1788, I, the undersigned pastor of Mobile, married (having published before the 3 banns without there resulting any canonical impediment) Adam Hollinger and Francoise Lefleur, residents of the Tensaw River in this parish. In faith I have signed it and we have signed it.

Rev. Miguel Lampost, Pastor

Adam Hollinger

Francoise Lefleur

Joseph Deville Degoutin

Cornelius McCurtin

Nattian Blackwell

Mathias Lefleur

Casiano de Castanares

Hugo Krebs

  • This marriage produced no children.

In 1788, Adam Hollinger is found by his mark A.H, selling to John Callier his forty arpens front, seven miles below Fort. St. Stephen for $400 cash.

In 1789, Adam Hollinger is listed on the Mobile Co. Alabama Spanish census as age 49 and states he was married at age 19.

On April 11, 1792, Adam Hollinger married Marie Josephine "Mary" Juzan in the Immaculate Conception Church in Mobile, Mobile Co. Alabama. This union produced seven children.

  • *On Wednesday 11 April 1792, before me, the pastor of Immaculate Conception Church of Mobile, to contract marriage were Adam Hollinger, native of Ireland, and Marie Joseph Juzan, native of Mobile. After receiving in writing the paternal consent and having dispensed from the banns for just cause and that the information on the single state conformed to regulations, there being no canonical or civil impediment, I received the mutual consent of Adam Hollinger and Marie Joseph Juzan by expressed words, so that it is true and legitimate marriage in my presence and in that of the witnesses Cornelius McCurtin and John Forbes. In faith I have signed in my hand on the same day, month and year as above.

Father Manuel Garcia, Pastor

Cornelius McCurtin

John Forbes

Adam Hollinger

Marie Joseph Juzan

  • This marriage produced seven children.

In 1797, a ferry was established by Samuel Mims across the Alabama, and one by Hollinger, an old resident among the Indians, across the Tombeckbee. The route of travel crossed the Island called Nanna Hubba, below the cut off.,_Louisiana


Adam Hollinger had many land claims, too many to list here. Posted below are two of the many that describes the amount of land and their locations.

Early Settlers of Mississippi as Taken from Land Claims in the Mississippi Territory

Adam Hollinger , inhabitant of Mobile jurisdiction , with the greatest respect to your excellency, represents and says, there is found on Tensaw river , twenty acres of land, on an island by the name of Nanna Hubba ; the said land until now never had any proprietor: he begs your excellency to grant him the above petition, with papers of titles necessary, from the Secretary of Government, which may correspond with the concession, for which favor he will be forever thankful. - Adam Hollinger , his X mark.

Early Settlers of Mississippi as Taken from Land Claims in the Mississippi Territory

Adam Hollinger and William Pierce were presented as witnesses, and, being duly sworn and interrogated by the Board, they deposed, that they were not interested in this claim. The said Hollinger also testified, that the land in question was cultivated by Samuel Mims in the year 1795 ; that said land adjoined the land on which he resided, and that his principal support was had from his cultivation on this land. The said Pierce also deposed, that the land in question was cultivated in the year 1795 , by Samuel Mims , and that, from a conversation which he heard between the said Mims and William Clark , he was induced to believe that said land was then the property of said William Clark , and that Mims was tenant at will of him, said Clark ; and that he, Clark , was an inhabitant and resident in the State of Georgia on the 27th day of October, 1795 ; that the land in question was adjoined to that on which the said Mims resided, and that his principal support was had from this land.

Early Settlers of Mississippi as Taken from Land Claims in the Mississippi Territory

Adam Hollinger , inhabitant of this jurisdiction, with the most profound respect, represents before your excellency and says, that, within the district of Tombigbee exists and is twenty-five acres of vacant land, on a creek called Boukanonga , and on the right hand of said creek, up the river. Said land has no proprietor; and having slaves in number sufficient to cultivate the same, he begs your excellency to grant him the above petition, with papers necessary from the Secretary of Government, which may correspond with the concession, for which favor he will be forever thankful. - Adam Hollinger

He is mentioned several times in the book "Colonial Mobile" stating that in the Creole Country, the new boundary line in 1798 drove some settlers as far as Pascagoula. Adam Hollinger, son-in-law of Pierre Juzan, who had lived on the Tombecbe, and Gerald Byrnes, a carpenter and farmer too, obtained 800 arpens at Ward's Bluff for a cattle range, and as much again for cultivation on Bayou Ward, two and a half miles south of the old French sawmill. In 1804 he sold the place to Espejo, and he immediately to Joseph Collins.

In 1803, Personal Tax Roll-Washington County Mississippi Territory

In 1805, Adam Hollinger is listed with 800 acres of land 1st quality situate on the West side Tombigbee River, with a 2 storie dwelling house 32 feet by 18--5 outhouses and 80 acres of improved land thereon, assessed to 2 dollars and 50 cents per acre--$2000.00. $5000,44,18,280,$15980,$20980. Hollinger, Adam - Adam Hollinger- 1000 acres of land 1st quality situate in Nanna Hubba Island with 8 cabbins and 200 acres of improved land thereon, assessed to 3 dollars per acre.--$3000.00.

Adam Hollinger is listed on the 1810 Mississippi Territory, Washington Co. Alabama census. This land was petitioned to the President and Congress, referred 7 Feb 1809, by inhabitants of Washington County many of whom apparently settled after March 1807 on land "lately Ceded by the Choctaw Indians".

Adam Hollinger is listed on the 1816 Inhabitants of Alabama census in Baldwin Co. Mississippi Territory, with 1 male over 21 and 1 female over 21 with 13 slaves . This would be the last census listing Adam Hollinger that I have so far. If I locate others, I will post it here at a later time. Note: listed beside A. Hollinger is a Mary Hollinger with 2 males over 21, 2 males under 21 and 1 female over 21 with 71 slaves.

view all 11

Adam Hollinger's Timeline

Alabama, United States
January 27, 1793
Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, United States
May 29, 1794
Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, United States
March 22, 1798
Mobile, United States
June 4, 1800
Orange Beach, Baldwin County, Alabama, United States
August 25, 1802
Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama, United States
Age 67
Mount Vernon, Mobile County, Alabama, United States