Arthur Hill Gilbert

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Arthur Hill Gilbert

Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Tilman Irving Gilbert and Madie Gilbert

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Arthur Hill Gilbert

Arthur Hill Gilbert (June 10, 1893–1970) was an American Impressionist painter, notable as one of the practitioners of the California-style. Today, he is remembered for his large, colorful canvasas depicting meadows and groves of trees along the state's famed 17 Mile Drive. Gilbert was part of the group of American impressionist artists who lived and painted in the artists' colony scene in California at Carmel and Laguna Beach during the 1920s and 1930s.

Early life

Born on June 10, 1893 in Mt. Vernon, Illinois, Gilbert graduated from Evanston Academy (Source:, 02/20/01). He then studied at Northwestern University. During this period, he was taught by William Merritt Chase. After a stint at Annapolis, Gilbert served as an ensign in the Navy in World War I. After the war, Gilbert enjoyed "a long awaited sojourn in Concarneau, France where he decided to study painting as a future career", according to a reminiscence by fellow artist and close friend, Abel G. Warshawsky (Source: profile on Gilbert as remembered by Warshawsky, referenced on 12/11/2006). Later, Gilbert attended the Otis Art Institute (now known as Otis College of Art and Design) and the Chicago Art Institute.

The impressionist emerges

According to the biography about him on the website,, Gilbert "spent several years painting and exhibiting in Los Angeles." In 1928, "he moved to Monterey where he became widely known for his paintings of the California landscape, mostly of the local area." Gilbert loved to paint the California Missions, especially Mission San Juan Bautista, whose bell tower, according to, "received notoriety in the film Vertigo, directed by Alfred Hitchcock." Gilbert also painted the Santa Barbara Mission.

Personal life

Gilbert and his wife, Audine, owned and lived in a ranch home near Stockton, California. During his lifetime, Gilbert was active both professionally and personally with arts and culture associations including The Bohemian Club and the Carmel Art Association, for which he was a pioneer member.

Gilbert's legacy

In a 2001 article entitled "California Impressionism" (, 02/20/01) which discussed the resurgence of interest in this style of early 20th century art, Victoria Shaw-Williamson (correspondent at the time for wrote, "Notably, the attention garnered by big names such as Guy Rose is filtering down to other artists as well. Paintings by artists such as John Gamble, Arthur Hill Gilbert, and Mary Denil Morgan are now bringing higher than expected prices." Shaw-Williamson continues, "according to Patrick Kraft, of (a gallery in) Carmel and Los Angeles, artists that were considered second tier 10 or 15 years ago are now more sought after and their paintings are bringing stronger and stronger prices. As prices climb for the Guy Rose paintings, collectors are gravitating towards other artists in the school."

In an essay entitled, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and the Eucalyptus School in Southern California, art authority Nancy Dustin Wall Moure wrote that Gilbert "simplified landscape to the point of poeticism." (Source: 5-page Essay, with 44 endnotes, posted at Traditional Fine Arts Online = website address:, as per original which was apparently "courtesy of Westpahl publishing, Irvine, California.")

Past notable exhibitions (in alphabetical order)

According to a biography of Gilbert on the website:, his works were shown during his lifetime at the following locations:

California Palace of the Legion of Honor

Chicago Art Institute

National Academy of Design

Pennsylvania Academy of Art

Honors and awards

In 1929, Gilbert was awarded the coveted Hallgarten Prize for his Monterey Oaks in an exhibition at the National Academy of Design in New York.

In 1930, Gilbert went on to win both the Henry Ranger and the J. Francis Murphy Memorial Prizes. According to FADA (Fine Arts Dealers Association Online), Gilbert "was one of the very few California Impressionists to be elected into the prestigious membership of the National Academy of Design. Today, when at auction, many of Gilbert's works are listed in catalogs with his full name as the artist and the professional designation of "A.N.A." following.

Museum collections

According to the "Ask Art" website, referenced on 1/25/02, and The Smithsonian art archive, museums that today include Arthur Hill Gilbert in their collections include:

Brigham Young University Museum of Art

Oakland Museum of California

Springville Museum of Art

Los Angeles County Museum of Art

Monterey Museum of Art-Pacific

California Palace of the Legion of Honor

National Academy of Design

Selected works (in alphabetical order)

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Arthur Hill Gilbert's Timeline

Age 77