Axel von dem Bussche-Streithorst

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Axel Ernst-August Clamor Albrecht Erich Leo von dem Bussche-Streithorst

Also Known As: "Axel von dem Bussche"
Birthplace: Braunschweig, Germany
Death: January 26, 1993 (73)
Bonn, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Georg Clamor Lothar Albert Hans Hilmar Ludwig Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst and Jenny von dem Bussche-Streithorst
Husband of Lady Camilla Mildred Nicola Acheson
Father of Private and Private
Brother of Cuno von dem Bussche-Streithorst

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Axel von dem Bussche-Streithorst

Axel Freiherr (Baron) von dem Bussche-Streithorst[1] (24 April 1919 - 26 January 1993), usually referred to as Axel von dem Bussche in English, was a German nobleman, professional Army officer and member of the German Resistance. He tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler in coordination with Count Stauffenberg in November 1943 at the Wolfsschanze.


In November 1943 Baron Axel von dem Bussche, personally motivated by Count Claus Stauffenberg undertook to carry out a suicide bombing to kill Hitler. At that time, Hitler was due to inspect new Army winter uniforms at his Führerhauptquartier Wolfsschanze near Rastenburg then in Eastern Prussia (today in Poland), and Bussche, over 2 meters tall, blond and blue eyed and thus corresponding to the looks of Hitler's ideal of a perfect "germanic" German, planned to demonstrate the uniforms with a landmine which he had personally equipped with a fast reacting detonator from a hand grenade and which he intended to hide in the deeper pockets of his uniform trousers. He wanted to detonate this bomb whilst embracing Hitler and thus killing both Hitler and himself. The plan failed when on 16. November 1943 an Allied air raid on Berlin destroyed the railway truck with the new uniforms on the day before the planned assassination attempt. Bussche returned on the 18th of November 1943 to his unit at the eastern front in Russia. He had spent 3 terrible nights at the Fuehrerhauptquartier.

Captain von dem Bussche volunteered to repeat the attempt in February 1944, when new uniforms would be at hand.

In January 1944 however, von dem Bussche was seriously wounded in Russia and lost one of his legs. On February 11th 1944 another young officer, Ewald Heinrich von Kleist instigated by Count Stauffenberg tried to assassinate Hitler in a similar way as von dem Bussche had been planning. However Hitler repeatedly cancelled and postponed the event that would have allowed Kleist to approach him.

By then, von dem Bussche had spent many months in the Waffen-SS hospital in Lychen and, as a result, he wasn't involved at all in Stauffenberg's July 20th 1944 plot to kill Hitler. Bussche's role in the earlier assassination plots was not suspected, and he was not betrayed by any of the officers who knew of his involvement. Consequently, he was one of the extremely few Army plotters to survive the second world war.

After the war

After the war, Baron Axel von dem Bussche studied law at Göttingen University and later became a diplomat, serving from 1954 to 1958 in the German embassy in Washington. Then he was headmaster of the Kurt Hahn boarding school "Schule Schloss Salem" located near the lake of Constance in Southern-Germany.

In addition, he was also a member of the presidency of the Evangelical Church in Germany , an advisor to the World Bank, and a delegate to the Stockholm UN environment conference of 1972.

In 1950, he married Lady Mildred Camilla Nichola Acheson, eldest daughter of the 5th Earl of Gosford and Mildred Carter ( of Virginia ), who before had been married to Baron Hans Christoph Schenk von Stauffenberg. Von dem Bussche had two daughters with Lady Camilla, (Mrs.) Nicola Dietzsch-Doertenbach and Baroness Jane von dem Bussche.

Axel von dem Bussche was a godfather to Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands. He was a friend and distant relative of Prince Claus of the Netherlands.

Axel von dem Bussche was first cousin of the Danish Victoria Cross recipient Anders Lassen, who fought with the British against the Germans. Anders Lassen was killed in action in 1945 in Italy.

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Axel von dem Bussche-Streithorst's Timeline

April 19, 1919
Braunschweig, Germany
January 26, 1993
Age 73
Bonn, Germany