Bertha von Sulzbach, Byzantine Empress

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Bertha von Sulzbach, Byzantine Empress

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sulzbach, Germany
Death: August 29, 1159 (40-48)
Istanbul Province, Turkey
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Berengar II, count of Sulzbach and Adelheid von Wolfratshausen, countess of Sulzbach
Wife of Manuel I Komnenos, Emperor of Byzantium
Mother of Maria Komnena and Anna Komnena
Sister of Gertrud von Sulzbach; Gebhard III, Graf von Sulzbach; Lutgardis von Sulzbach, duchess of Lower Lorraine and Mathilde von Sulzbach

Occupation: HOL
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Bertha von Sulzbach, Byzantine Empress

Bertha von Sulzbach (1110s-August 29, 1159) was the first wife and Empress of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus.

Family

Bertha was the daughter of Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach (d.3 December 1125) and Adelheid von Wolfratshausen. Her brother was Gebhard III of Sulzbach; her sister was Gertrude von Sulzbach, who married Conrad III of Germany. Berengar II was a son of Gebhard II, Count of Sulzbach and Irmingard of Rott. Gebhard II was a namesake son of Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach. Gebhard was a son of Herman IV, Duke of Swabia and Adelaide of Susa.

Marriage and children

Emissaries of the Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Germany, seeking an alliance against Roger II of Sicily. To seal the alliance, the emissaries requested that Conrad send a princess of his family to be married to the emperor's son, Manuel. Instead, Conrad selected his sister-in-law, Bertha, and sent her to Greece escorted by Emicho von Leiningen, the Bishop of Würzburg.

By the time Bertha arrived at the Imperial court in Constantinople, the emperor John was dead, and his son Manuel was now the reigning emperor. Manuel delayed marrying her for three years, until shortly after Epiphany 1146, at which point she became empress and was renamed "Irene" (Εἰρήνη), a common name for foreign-born princesses. As an introduction for her to the Hellenic culture she was marrying into, John Tzetzes wrote his Allegories on the Iliad.

Bertha-Irene was noted for shunning the frivolity of the luxurious Byzantine court; Basil of Ochrid, the archbishop of Thessalonica, praised her for her modesty and piety, and Nicetas Choniates (53sq.) noted that she did not wear face-paint. The patriarch of Constantinople, Cosmas II Atticus, who had been accused of heresy, allegedly cursed Bertha-Irene's womb in 1147 to prevent her bearing a son. She and Manuel had two daughters:

Maria Comnena (1152-1182), (not to be confused with the Queen of Jerusalem by that name who was a relative) who married Renier of Montferrat. Anna Comnena (1154-1158)

Bertha-Irene died in 1159. Her husband Manuel was described as "roaring like a lion" in grief at her death, despite his infidelities during her lifetime. He remarried, in 1161, to Maria of Antioch.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertha_of_Sulzbach


Bertha of Sulzbach (1110s-August 29, 1159) was the first wife and Empress of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus. Contents [hide] 1 Family 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestry 4 Sources [edit]Family

She was a daughter of Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach (c. 1080 - 3 December 1125) and his second wife Adelheid of Wolfratshausen. In 1111, Berengar was among the nobles attending the coronation of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. He is mentioned among the sureties of documents related to the coronation. In 1120, Berengar is recorded granting a donation to the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg. He is mentioned as the founder of Berchtesgaden and Baumburg. He was also a co-founder of Kastl Abbey. He was one of the rulers who signed the Concordat of Worms (23 September 1122). In August, 1125, Berengar is mentioned in documents of Lothair III, King of the Romans. The death of Berengar is mentioned four months later.[1] The identity of her mother is mentioned in the "Kastler Reimchronik", Vers 525. Adelheid is mentioned in various other documents of the 12th century as "Countess of Sulzbach", without mentioning her husband. "De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses" contains a rather confused genealogy concerning her two most prominent daughters. Otto II, Count of Wolfratshausen, father of Adelheid, is given as father to Richenza, "Empress" and "Maria, Empress of the Greeks". Richenza was the empress of Lothair III. The author of the text had apparently confused her with Gertrude von Sulzbach, wife of Conrad III of Germany. Maria is probably a confusion for "Irene" the baptismal name of Bertha of Sulzbach, wife of Manuel I Komnenos. Both were actually granddaughters of Otto, children of Berengar and Adelheid. Gertrude was a sister of Bertha.[1] The known siblings of Gertrude include (1)Gebhard III, Count of Sulzbach, (2)Adelheid, Abbess of Niedernburg at Passau (3)Gertrude von Sulzbach, German Queen (4)Luitgarde, wife first of Godfrey II of Leuven and secondly of Hugo XII, Count of Dagsburg and Metz., (5)Matilda of Sulzbach, wife of Engelbert III of Istria.[1] Berengar II was a son of Gebhard II, Count of Sulzbach and Irmgard of Rott.[2] Irmgard was a daughter of Kuno I of Rott, founder of Rott Abbey, and his wife Uta. There is a theory identifying her mother as a daughter of Frederick III, Count of Diessen. However this is not confirmed by primary sources. Irmgard is mentioned as the founder of Berchtesgaden monastery. There is mention of her marrying twice but the identity of her second husband is disputed. The most likely candidate is Kuno, Count of Horburg.[3] Gebhard II is considered a namesake son of Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach. Gebhard I is the first person known to have used this title. On 28 November 1043, Gebhard was granted property by charter of Henry III, King of Germany. There his mother is mentioned as "Adalheit". The "Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte" (1965–1967) by W. Wegener identifies her as Adelaide of Susa. The father therefore being Herman IV, Duke of Swabia. This theory has gained some acceptance. However Charles Cawley notes that this would place his birth c. 1037-1038. In order for Gebhard to have grandchildren by the 1080s, "this would require a succession of teenage bridegrooms which seems improbable." Wegener theorises the wife of Gebhard I to have been a daughter of Berengar, Count of Nordgau. He suggests that Sulzbach was part of her dowry. Cawley considers the theory to stand only on "the transmission of the name Berengar into her husband's family." Otherwise no connection between the families is known to exist.[4] [edit]Marriage and children

Emissaries of the Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Germany, seeking an alliance against Roger II of Sicily. To seal the alliance, the emissaries requested that Conrad send a princess of his family to be married to the emperor's son, Manuel. Instead, Conrad selected his sister-in-law, Bertha, and sent her to Greece escorted by Emicho von Leiningen, the Bishop of Würzburg. By the time Bertha arrived at the Imperial court in Constantinople, the emperor John was dead, and his son Manuel was now the reigning emperor. Manuel delayed marrying her for three years, until shortly after Epiphany 1146, at which point she became empress and was renamed "Irene" (Εἰρήνη), a common name for foreign-born princesses. As an introduction for her to the Hellenic culture she was marrying into, John Tzetzes wrote his Allegories on the Iliad. Bertha-Irene was noted for shunning the frivolity of the luxurious Byzantine court; Basil of Ochrid, the archbishop of Thessalonica, praised her for her modesty and piety, and Nicetas Choniates (53sq.) noted that she did not wear face-paint. The patriarch of Constantinople, Cosmas II Atticus, who had been accused of heresy, allegedly cursed Bertha-Irene's womb in 1147 to prevent her bearing a son. She and Manuel had two daughters: Maria Comnena (1152–1182), (not to be confused with the Queen of Jerusalem by that name who was a relative) who married Renier of Montferrat. Anna Comnena (1154–1158) Bertha-Irene died in 1159. Her husband Manuel was described as "roaring like a lion" in grief at her death, despite his infidelities during her lifetime. He remarried, in 1161, to Maria of Antioch. Bertha of Sulzbach House of Babenberg Born: 1110s Died: 1159 Royal titles Preceded by Piroska of Hungary Byzantine Empress consort 1146–1159 Succeeded by Maria of Antioch [edit]Ancestry

















16. Berengar I, Count of Sulzbach






8. Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach










17. Adelheid






4. Gebhard II, Count of Sulzbach













18. Berengar, Count of Nordgau






9. unnamed










2. Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach
















20. Poppo II von Rott






10. Kuno I. von Rott, Count Palatine of Bavaria










21. daughter of Kuno I, Count of Sualafeld






5. Irmgard von Rott













22. Frederick III, Count of Diessen






11. Uta von Dießen-Andechs










23. Irmgard von Gilching






1. Bertha of Sulzbach



















24. Frederick II, Count of Diessen






12. Berthold I, Count of Diessen










6. Otto II, Count of Wolfratshausen













26. Konrad von Hohenwart






13. unnnamed










3. Adelheid of Wolfratshausen
















28. Adalbert, Margrave of Austria






14. Ernest, Margrave of Austria










29. Frozza Orseolo






7. Judith of Babenberg (hypothecal)













30. Dedi I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark






15. Matilda of Bethune










31. Oda of Ostmark





[edit]Sources


Bertha of Sulzbach From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Bertha von Sulzbach (1110s-August 29, 1159) was the first wife and Empress of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus. [edit]Family

She was a daughter of Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach (c. 1080 - 3 December, 1125) and his second wife Adelheid of Wolfratshausen. In 1111, Berengar was among the nobles attending the coronation of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. He is mentioned among the sureties of documents related to the coronation. In 1120, Berengar is recorded granting a donation to the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg. He is mentioned as the founder of Berchtesgaden and Baumburg. He was also a co-founder of Kastl Abbey. He was one of the rulers who signed the Concordat of Worms (23 September 1122). In August, 1125, Berengar is mentioned in documents of Lothair III, King of the Romans. The death of Berengar is mentioned four months later. [1] The identity of her mother is mentioned in the "Kastler Reimchronik", Vers 525. Adelheid is mentioned in various other documents of the 12th century as "Countess of Sulzbach", without mentioning her husband. "De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses" contains a rather confused genealogy concerning her two most prominent daughters. Otto II, Count of Wolfratshausen, father of Adelheid, is given as father to Richenza, "Empress" and "Maria, Empress of the Greeks". Richenza was the empress of Lothair III. The author of the text had apparently confused her with Gertrude von Sulzbach, wife of Conrad III of Germany. Maria is probably a confusion for "Irene" the baptismal name of Bertha of Sulzbach, wife of Manuel I Komnenos. Both were actually granddaughters of Otto, children of Berengar and Adelheid. Gertrude was a sister of Bertha. [2] The known siblings of Gertrude include (1)Gebhard III, Count of Sulzbach, (2)Adelheid, Abbess of Niedernburg at Passau (3)Gertrude von Sulzbach, German Queen (4)Luitgarde, wife first of Godfrey II of Leuven and secondly of Hugo XII, Count of Dagsburg and Metz., (5)Matilda of Sulzbach, wife of Engelbert III of Istria. [3] Berengar II was a son of Gebhard II, Count of Sulzbach and Irmgard of Rott. [4] Irmgard was a daughter of Kuno I of Rott, founder of Rott Abbey, and his wife Uta. There is a theory identifying her mother as a daughter of Frederick III, Count of Diessen. However this is not confirmed by primary sources. Irmgard is mentioned as the founder of Berchtesgaden monastery. There is mention of her marrying twice but the identity of her second husband is disputed. The most likely candidate is Kuno, Count of Horburg. [5] Gebhard II is considered a namesake son of Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach. Gebhard I is the first person known to have used this title. On 28 November 1043, Gebhard was granted property by charter of Henry III, King of Germany. There his mother is mentioned as "Adalheit". The "Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte" (1965-1967) by W. Wegener identifies her as Adelaide of Susa. The father therefore being Herman IV, Duke of Swabia. This theory has gained some acceptance. However Charles Cawley notes that this would place his birth c. 1037-1038. In order for Gebhard to have grandchildren by the 1080s, "this would require a succession of teenage bridegrooms which seems improbable." Wegener theorises the wife of Gebhard I to have been a daughter of Berengar, Count of Nordgau. He suggests that Sulzbach was part of her dowry. Cawley considers the theory to stand only on "the transmission of the name Berengar into her husband's family." Otherwise no connection between the families is known to exist. [6] [edit]Marriage and children

Emissaries of the Byzantine Emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Germany, seeking an alliance against Roger II of Sicily. To seal the alliance, the emissaries requested that Conrad send a princess of his family to be married to the emperor's son, Manuel. Instead, Conrad selected his sister-in-law, Bertha, and sent her to Greece escorted by Emicho von Leiningen, the Bishop of Würzburg. By the time Bertha arrived at the Imperial court in Constantinople, the emperor John was dead, and his son Manuel was now the reigning emperor. Manuel delayed marrying her for three years, until shortly after Epiphany 1146, at which point she became empress and was renamed "Irene" (Εἰρήνη), a common name for foreign-born princesses. As an introduction for her to the Hellenic culture she was marrying into, John Tzetzes wrote his Allegories on the Iliad. Bertha-Irene was noted for shunning the frivolity of the luxurious Byzantine court; Basil of Ochrid, the archbishop of Thessalonica, praised her for her modesty and piety, and Nicetas Choniates (53sq.) noted that she did not wear face-paint. The patriarch of Constantinople, Cosmas II Atticus, who had been accused of heresy, allegedly cursed Bertha-Irene's womb in 1147 to prevent her bearing a son. She and Manuel had two daughters: Maria Comnena (1152-1182), (not to be confused with the Queen of Jerusalem by that name who was a relative) who married Renier of Montferrat. Anna Comnena (1154-1158) Bertha-Irene died in 1159. Her husband Manuel was described as "roaring like a lion" in grief at her death, despite his infidelities during her lifetime. He remarried, in 1161, to Maria of Antioch.


http://genealogy.euweb.cz/babenberg/babenberg.html

The Babenbergs

Luitpold I, Mkgf der Bayrischen Ostmark (976-994), Gf im Traungau, im Sundergau und im Donaugau 962, +994; m.Richwara, dau.of Gf Ernst im Sualafeldgau; They had issue:

  • ...
  • A2. Ernst I, Duke of Swabia (1012-15), *before 984, +k.in hunting accident 31.5.1015; m.ca 1014 Gisela of Swabia (*ca 990 +15.2.1043)
    • ...
    • B2. Duke Hermann IV of Swabia (1030-38), *1015, +Trento 28.7.1038; m.Adelheid of Susa (*1015 +19.12.1091) dau.of Mgve Odelrico Menfredo II of Susa, Mkgf of Turin by Berthe von Este
      • C1. Gf Gebhard I von Sulzbach, +ca 1080; m.NN, dau.of Gf Berengar
        • D1. Gf Gebhard II von Sulzbach, *ca 1053, +1085; m.1079 Irmingard vom Rott und Vohburg (+14.7.1101)
          • E1. Gf Berengar II von Sulzbach, Vogt von Bamberg, *ca 1080, +3.12.1125, bur Kastl; 1m: Adelheid von Lechsgemünd (+24.2.1112); 2m: 1113 Adelheid von Wolfratshausen (+11.1.1126); all children by 2m.
            • F1. Gf Gebhard III von Sulzbach, *1114, +28.10.1188, bur Kastl; m.Mathilde Welf (+16.3.1183)
              • ...
            • F2. Bertha (Irene), +1158; m.Manuel I Komnenos, Emperor of Byzantium (+24.9.1180)
            • F3. Gertrude, +Hersfeld 14.4.1146; m.1136 Konrad III von Hohenstaufen (+15.2.1152)
            • F4. Luitgardis, *ca 1109, +1162/63, bur Leuyen (Bel); 1m: ca 1139 Godfried II of Lower Lorraine (+13.6.1142); 2m: ca 1143 Hugo Heinrich von Dagsburg (+ca 1178)
            • F5. Mathilde, +3.11.1165; m.ca 1140 Mgve Engelbert III von Istrien (+6.10.1173)
            • F6. Adelheid, Abbess of Niedernburg
view all

Bertha von Sulzbach, Byzantine Empress's Timeline

1115
1115
Sulzbach, Germany
1152
1152
Age 37
1154
1154
Age 39
Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
1159
August 29, 1159
Age 44
Istanbul Province, Turkey
????