Col. Alexander Abercrombie, MP of Tullibody

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Col. Alexander Abercrombie (Abercromby), MP of Tullibody

Death: August 27, 1853 (69)
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, 3rd of Tullibody and Mary Anne Menzies, suo jure Baroness Abercromby
Brother of George Abercromby, MP, 2nd Baron Abercromby; Sir John Abercrombie, MP of Tullibody; Anne Cameron (Abercromby); Hon. James Abercrombie, 1st Baron Dunfermline, MP of Spring Gardens and Catherine Abercromby

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About Col. Alexander Abercrombie, MP of Tullibody

Colonel Alexander Abercromby (1784–1853) was a senior British Army officer and latterly for a short time a Member of Parliament.

Alexander Abercromby was the youngest son of Sir Ralph Abercromby, a British lieutenant-general noted for his services during the Napoleonic Wars, and was born in 1784. He entered the army at an early age, and served as a volunteer with the 92nd regiment in the expedition to the Helder in 1799. He soon obtained his commission, and saw service with his regiment in Egypt. He was appointed aide-de-camp to his father's old lieutenant and friend, Sir John Moore, during his command in Sicily in 1806, but was not with him in Spain.

Like his brother, Sir John, he was rapidly promoted, and in 1808, when only twenty-four, became lieutenant-colonel of the 28th regiment. He accompanied his regiment when it was sent to Portugal to reinforce Lord Wellington after the battle of Talavera. He commanded it at the battle of Busaco, and in the lines of Torres Vedras, and as senior colonel had the good fortune to command his brigade at the battle of Albuera. His services there were very conspicuous, and his brigade has been immortalised by Napier. He was soon superseded, but commanded his regiment at the surprise of Arroyo de Molinos and the storming of the forts at Almaraz.

In 1812 he was removed to the staff of the army, and was present as assistant-quartermaster-general at the battles of Vittoria, the Pyrenees, and Orthes. He served in the same capacity in 1815, and was present at Quatre-Bras, Waterloo, and the storming of Peronne.

For his active services he was promoted to a colonelcy in the 2nd or Coldstream Guards, and made a companion of the Bath, a knight of the order of Maria Theresa of Austria, of the Tower and Sword of Portugal, and of St. George of Russia. He was returned to parliament in the Whig interest in 1817 for the county of Clackmannan in place of his brother Sir John, but retired next year. He was in command of the 2nd Guards, but retired on half-pay when there seemed to be no chance of another war, and died at his country seat in Scotland in 1853. He had no small share of the military ability of his family, and was an admirable regimental and staff officer; but the long peace which followed the battle of Waterloo gave him no opportunity to show whether he had his father's ability to command an army.

ABERCROMBY, Hon. Alexander (1784-1853), of Tullibody, Clackmannan.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986 Available from Boydell and Brewer

Constituency CLACKMANNANSHIRE 11 Apr. 1817 - 1818

Family and Education

b. 4 Mar. 1784, 4th s. of Gen. Sir Ralph Abercromby* by Mary Anne, da. and coh. of John Menzies of Ferntower in Crieff, Perth; bro. of Hons. George Abercromby*, James Abercromby* and Sir John Abercromby*. unm. CB 4 June 1815.

Offices Held

Cornet 2 Drag. 1799; lt. 52 Ft. 1800, capt. 23 Ft. 1801; maj. 100 Ft. 1806, 81 Ft. 1807; a.d.c. to Sir John Moore, Sicily 1806; brevet lt.-col. 1808; lt.-col. 28 Ft. 1808; asst. q.m.g. in Spain 1812; brevet col. 1814; capt. 2 Ft. Gds. 1814-22.


Abercromby served in the Helder, Egyptian and Sicilian campaigns and distinguished himself in the Peninsula, where he served from 1809. After the battle of Waterloo he found no further employment. On the death of his elder brother John he came in for Clackmannan to maintain the family interest. He did not oppose government and was a silent Member. His known votes were in favour of Catholic relief, 9 May 1817, (swayed, it would appear, by Plunket’s speech) and of the suspension of habeas corpus, 23 June; against inquiry into the employment of informers by government, 5 Mar. 1818, and in the government minority on 15 Apr. on the ducal grant.

Abercromby, who was never again in Parliament, died 27 Aug. 1853.

Mackintosh Mems. ii. 263.

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820 Author: D. G. Henry

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