Elizabeth Cromwell

Is your surname Cromwell?

Research the Cromwell family

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Elizabeth Cromwell (Wyckes)

Also Known As: "Wykys", "Wykes", "Wyckes"
Birthplace: Putney, Surrey, , England
Death: 1528 (38-40)
Stepney, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sir Henry Wyckes and Mercy Prior
Wife of Thomas Williams, yeoman of the guard and Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex
Mother of Anne Cromwell; Grace Cromwell and Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell of Oakham Castle
Sister of Joan Williams

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Cromwell

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Wyckes (d.1529)
-http://www.thepeerage.com/p17492.htm#i174917 (d.1527)

Elizabeth Wykes was the daughter of Henry Wykes.1 She married Thomas Cromwell, 1st and last Earl of Essex, son of Walter Cromwell, in 1513. She died in 1527 at Stepney, Middlesex, England.1 From 1513, her married name became Cromwell.1

Child of Elizabeth Wykes and Thomas Cromwell, 1st and last Earl of Essex

  • Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell+1 d. 4 Nov 1576


  • [ S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 557. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

Elizabeth Wyckes, (also Wykys, or Wykes) (1489 – c. 1528) was the wife of Thomas Cromwell (1485 – 28 July 1540), Earl of Essex, and chief minister to Henry VIII of England. She was daughter to Henry Wyckes, a well-to-do clothier from Putney, and his wife Mercy, who later married Sir John Pryor after Wyckes' death.

Marriages and issue Elizabeth married as her first husband Thomas Williams, a Yeoman of the Guard. There were no known children from this union.

Around 1515, Elizabeth remarried, this time to Thomas Cromwell, who had recently returned to England from Antwerp. Together, Thomas and Elizabeth had three surviving children:

Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, c. 1520 – 4 July 1551 Anne Cromwell Grace Cromwell Little is known about Elizabeth Wyckes, or her marriage to Thomas Cromwell; she died early in his career, long before he reached his zenith. During the early years of their marriage, Thomas Cromwell had been a successful merchant and lawyer and there is evidence to suggest that he had taken over the running of Henry Wyckes' business. The home where Elizabeth lived with her husband and mother, and where her children were born, appears to have been both harmonious and prosperous. Cromwell could afford to buy expensive jewellery: "a sapphire ring" and "a gold bracelet with a jacinth worth ₤80." His friends were merchants and scholars and he and his wife regularly entertained them and corresponded with them. Elizabeth and her mother played their part in this circle of friends. One wrote asking for the good housewife "to send another plaster for his knee" and another desired to be commended "to your mother, after you my most singular good friend. The one surviving letter from Thomas to his wife suggests a normal, happy marriage. He also sent her a doe that he had downed while hunting.

Elizabeth Wykes was the daughter of Henry Wykes of Putney, Surrey, a shearman who later became a gentleman usher to Henry VIII. She and her husband Thomas Cromwell lived in Austin Friars, London. Before her death in Stepney, her husband had attracted the attention of Cardinal Wolsey and was rapidly making a name for himself in court circles. After her death, her mother, by then Mrs. Pryor, lived in Cromwell's house with her second husband for several more years.

Descendants Elizabeth died circa 1528, of what was probably the sweating sickness that had been sweeping the country at that time. The last known reference to her is in a letter from Richard Cave to Thomas Cromwell, dated June 1528.[7]

She was survived by her three children, her husband, and her mother. Her daughters, Anne and Grace, are believed to have died not long after their mother. Thomas Cromwell never remarried. Gregory Cromwell married Elizabeth Seymour, the sister of Queen Jane Seymour and widow of Sir Anthony Ughtred.

view all

Elizabeth Cromwell's Timeline

Putney, Surrey, , England
Putney, Surrey, , England
Putney, Surrey, , England
Oakham Castle, Putney, Surrey, England (United Kingdom)
Age 39
Stepney, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)