Emille (Imil) Shukri Habibi

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Emille (Imil) Shukri Habibi

Birthdate: (44)
Birthplace: Haifa, Israel
Death: May 2, 1966 (44)
Haifa, Israel
Place of Burial: Haifa, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Mr. Habibi

Occupation: Israeli-Palestinian writer of Arabic expression and a communist politician
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Emille (Imil) Shukri Habibi

Imil (Emile) Shukri Habibi (Arabic: إميل حبيبي‎, Hebrew: אמיל חביבי‎, 28 January 1922 – 2 May 1996) was an Israeli-Palestinian writer of Arabic expression and a communist politician, son of a Christian family.

In 2005, he was voted the 143rd-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis.


Habibi was born in Haifa on Aug. 29, 1922 in today's Israel, which at that time was part of the British Mandate of Palestine. Born into an Anglican Palestinian Arab family (his family had originally been Arab Orthodox but converted to Anglicanism due to disputes within the Orthodox church) In his early life he worked on an oil refinery and later was a radio announcer.

Under the Mandate he became one of the leaders of the Palestine Communist Party. When the 1948 Arab-Israeli War began in 1948 he stayed in Haifa while many others chose or were forced to leave the country. As a result he was granted Israeli citizenship. After the war he helped to create the Israeli Communist Party and established the Israeli communist paper Al-Ittihad.

He stayed in Haifa his whole life. His gravestone reads (at Habibi's own request): "Emile Habibi – Remained in Haifa."

Political career

Habibi was one of the leaders of the Palestine Communist Party during the Mandate era. He supported the 1947 UN Partition Plan. When Israel became a state he helped form the Israeli communist party ICP. He served in the Knesset between 1951 and 1959, and again from 1961 until 1972, first as a member of Maki, before breaking away from the party with Tawfik Toubi to found Rakah. After a conflict about how the party should deal with the new policies of Mikhail Gorbachev he left the party in 1991.


Habibi began writing short stories in the 1950s, and his first story, "The Mandelbaum Gate" was published in 1954.

In 1972 he resigned from the Knesset in order to write his first novel: The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist, which became a classic in modern Arabic literature. The book depicts the life of an Israeli Arab, employing black humour and satire. It was based on the traditional anti-hero Said in Arab literature. In a playful way it deals with how it is for Arabs to live in the state of Israel, and how one who has nothing to do with politics is drawn in to it. He followed this by other books, short stories and a play. His last novel, published in 1992, was Saraya, the Ogre's Daughter.

Literary prizes

In 1990 Habibi received the Al-Quds Prize from the PLO. Two years later (in 1992) he received the Israel Prize for Arabic literature. His willingness to accept both reflected his belief in coexistence. Though after accepting the Israel Prize a debate set off among the Arabic intellectual community. Habibi was accused of legitimizing the Israeli anti-Arab policy. Habibi replied to the accusations: "A dialogue of prizes is better than a dialogue of stones and bullets," he said. "It is indirect recognition of the Arabs in Israel as a nation. This is recognition of a national culture. It will help the Arab population in its struggle to strike roots in the land and win equal rights".

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Emille (Imil) Shukri Habibi's Timeline

January 28, 1922
Haifa, Israel
May 2, 1966
Age 44
Haifa, Israel
Haifa, Israel