Eriba-Adad I, King of Assyria

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Eriba-Adad I, King of Assyria

Birthplace: Assyria
Death: -1366 (63-65)
Immediate Family:

Son of Aššūr-bēl-nīšēšu, king of Assyria
Father of Muballitat-Sherua of Assyria; Ashur-uballit I, king of Assyria and Nn
Brother of Ashur-nadin-ahhe II, King of Assyria and Ashur-rim-nisheshu, King of Assyria

Occupation: (Iriba-Adad I); 1st King of Middle Assyrian Period, koning van Assyrië
Managed by: Flemming Allan Funch
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About Eriba-Adad I, King of Assyria

Eriba-Adad IFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Eriba-Adad, inscribed mSU-dIM or mSU-d10 ("[the god] Adad has replaced"), was king of Assyria from 1392 BC to 1366 BC. His father had been the earlier king Aššur-bel-nišešu, an affiliation attested in brick inscriptions,[i 1] king-lists[i 2][i 3] and a tablet[i 4][1] although a single king list[i 5] gives his father as Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu, probably in error.[2] He succeeded his nephew, Aššur-nādin-aḫḫe II, being succeeded himself by the rather more prominent king Aššur-uballiṭ I, who was his son. He was the 72nd on the Assyrian King List and ruled for 27 years, his reign being generally considered the start of the middle Assyrian period.

[edit] BiographyThe circumstances surrounding his accession are unknown, although most nephew-uncle successions recorded in Assyrian history were bloody affairs. He styled himself “regent of Enlil”, the first Assyrian monarch to do so since Šamši-Adad I. His uninscribed royal seal shows a heraldic group which includes two winged griffin-demons flanking a small tree and supporting a winged sun-disc above their wings and a double-headed griffin-demon holding two griffin-demons by their ankles, a radical departure from the earlier style, which was to set a precedent for the later Assyrian glyptic.[3] It was found impressed into middle Assyrian contract tablets.[i 6][i 7][4]

He was probably a vassal of Mitanni. However, this kingdom got tangled up in a dynastic battle between Tushratta and his brother Artatama II and after this his son Shuttarna II, who called himself king of the Hurri, while seeking support from their Assyrian vassals. A pro-Hurri/Assur faction appeared at the royal Mitanni court, which his son and successor Aššur-uballiṭ would take advantage of.

Several of the Limmu officials, the noblemen from which the Assyrian Eponym dating system was derived, are known for this period as they date commercial records, but relatively few can be assigned directly to his reign rather than that of his successor. One might be Aššur-muttakil, the governor of Qabra, a fortress on the lesser Zab, who inherited his position from his father Aššur-dayyān and bequeathed it to his son.[5] His was the earliest of the stelae identified in the Stelenriehe, "row of stelae," the two rows of stone monuments uncovered in Aššur.[6] The later Assyrian king, Ninurta-apal-Ekur, son of Ilī-padâ, was to claim descent from him in his inscriptions.[7]

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