General John Burgoyne

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General John Burgoyne

Also Known As: "Gentleman Johnny"
Birthplace: Sutton, Bedfordshire, England (United Kingdom)
Death: August 02, 1792 (70)
London, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)
Immediate Family:

Son of John Burgoyne and Anne Marie Burgoyne
Husband of Lady Charlotte Burgoyne
Father of Charlotte Elizabeth Burgoyne; Field Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne, 1st Baronet GCB; Maria Sophia Hornby; Edward? William??; Caroline Burgoyne and 1 other

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About General John Burgoyne

General John Burgoyne (24 February 1722 – 4 August 1792) was a British army officer, politician and dramatist. He first saw action during the Seven Years' War when he participated in several battles, mostly notably during the Portugal Campaign of 1762.

Burgoyne is best known for his role in the American War of Independence. During the Saratoga campaign he surrendered his army of 5,000 men to the American troops on October 17, 1777. Appointed to command a force designated to capture Albany and end the rebellion, Burgoyne advanced from Canada but soon found himself surrounded and outnumbered. He fought two battles at Saratoga, but was forced to open negotiations with Horatio Gates. Although he agreed to a convention, on 17 October 1777, which would allow his troops to return home, this was subsequently revoked and his men were made prisoners. Burgoyne faced criticism when he returned to Britain, and never held another active command.

Burgoyne was also an accomplished playwright known for his works such as The Maid of the Oaks and The Heiress, but his plays never reached the fame of his military career. He served as a member of the House of Commons of Parliament for a number of years, sitting for the seats of Midhurst and Preston. He is often referred to as Gentleman Johnny.

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General John Burgoyne's Timeline

February 24, 1722
Sutton, Bedfordshire, England (United Kingdom)
Aix En Provence, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
July 24, 1782
August 2, 1792
Age 70
London, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)