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Henri Matisse's Geni Profile

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Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse

Birthdate: (84)
Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Death: November 3, 1954 (84)
Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Emile-Hippolyte-Henri Matisse and Anna-Héloïse Gérard
Husband of Amélie Noellie Matisse
Father of Marguerite Matisse; Jean Gérard Matisse and Pierre Louis Auguste Matisse
Brother of Emile-Auguste Gérard and Auguste-Emile Gérard

Occupation: French artist
Managed by: Geoffrey David Trowbridge
Last Updated:

About Henri Matisse

He was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three seminal artists of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Although he was initially labelled a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.

Matisse was influenced by the works of Nicolas Poussin, Antoine Watteau, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Édouard Manet, and the post-Impressionists Cézanne, Gauguin, van Gogh, and Signac, and also by Auguste Rodin, and Japanese art.[citation needed] Matisse immersed himself in the work of others and got in debt from buying work from many of the painters he admired. The work he hung and displayed in his home included a plaster bust by Rodin, a painting by Gauguin, a drawing by van Gogh, and most importantly, Cézanne's Three Bathers. In Cézanne's sense of pictorial structure and colour Matisse found his main inspiration. Many of his paintings from 1899 to 1905 make use of a pointillist technique adopted from Signac. In 1898, he went to London to study the paintings of J. M. W. Turner and then went on a trip to Corsica.Upon his return to Paris he worked beside lesser known painters such as Jules Flandrin.

With the model Caroline Joblau, he had a daughter, Marguerite, born in 1894. In 1898 he married Amélie Noellie Parayre; the two raised Marguerite together and had two sons, Jean (born 1899) and Pierre (born 1900). Marguerite often served as a model for Matisse.


painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage


Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Gustave Moreau


Fauvism, Modernism


Woman with a Hat (Madame Matisse), 1905 in museums:

   * Museum of Modern Art
   * Barnes Foundation


Gertrude Stein, Etta Cone, Claribel Cone, Michael and Sarah Stein, Albert C. Barnes

Influenced by:

John Peter Russell, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Signac

Influenced Hans Hofmann, David Hockney, Tom Wesselmann


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Henri Matisse's Timeline

December 30, 1869
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Age 24
November 10, 1899
Age 29
Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France
June 13, 1900
Age 30
Bohain-en-Vermandois, Picardie, France
November 3, 1954
Age 84
Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France