Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, Botanist

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Rev Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, D.D.

Also Known As: "Goltilf", "Gotthilf"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Trappe, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States
Death: May 23, 1815 (61)
Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
Place of Burial: Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Heinrich "Henry" Melchior Muhlenberg and Anna Maria Muhlenberg
Husband of Mary Catherine Muhlenberg
Father of Dr Frederick Augustus Hall Muhlenberg; Rev Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg; Mary Henrietta Muhlenberg and Anna E. Schmidt
Brother of Gen. Peter Muhlenberg (Cont. Army), U.S. Senator; Eve Elisabeth Schultz; Hon. Rev. Frederic Muhlenberg, First Speaker of the House; Margaretta Henrietta Kunze; Mary Catherine Muhlenberg and 6 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, Botanist

A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA. DAR Ancestor # A082596

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotthilf_Henry_Ernst_Muhlenberg

Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg (17 November 1753 – 23 May 1815) was an American clergyman and botanist.


Biography


The son of Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, he was born in Trappe, Pennsylvania. He was educated at Franckesche Stiftungen in Halle starting in 1763 and in 1769 at the University of Halle. He returned to Pennsylvania in September 1770 and was ordained as a Lutheran minister. He served first in Pennsylvania and then as a pastor in New Jersey. He received a Doctor of Divinity degree from Princeton University.


He served as the pastor of Holy Trinity Church in Lancaster, Pennsylvania from 1780 through 1815. In 1787, he was also made the first president of Franklin College. 1779 he retired and devoted himself to the study of botany. He is best known as a botanist. Muhlenbergia, a well-known genus of grasses, was named in his honor. His chief works are Catalogus Plantarum Americae Septentrionalis (1813) and Descriptio Uberior Graminum et Plantarum Calamariarum Americae Septentrionalis Indiginarum et Cicurum (1817).


Muhlenberg discovered and identified the bog turtle while conducting a survey of plants in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The turtle was named named Clemmys muhlenbergii, or Muhlenberg's tortoise, in 1801 in his honor. However, the species' common name was changed to bog turtle in 1956, as the practice of naming an organism's common name after individuals became less popular.


The standard author abbreviation Muhl. is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.


Family


Muhlenberg was the brother of Frederick and Peter Muhlenberg, father of Henry A. P. Muhlenberg and Frederick Augustus Hall Muhlenberg, a physician, who was the father of Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, the first president of Muhlenberg College.

Scientist. The son of Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, who is considered the patriarch of the American Lutheran Church, he himself was an ordained Lutheran minister, and served as the pastor of the Holy Trinity Lutheran Church in Lancaster, Pennsylvania for thirty-five years. He became an expert in American botany after his retirement from the clergy, and published a number of seminal botanical works, his best known and influential being "Catalogus Plantarum Americae Septentrionalis" in 1813, and "Descriptio Uberior Graminum et Plantarum Calamariarum Americae Septentrionalis Indiginarum et Cicurum" in 1817. Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: May 07, 2000

Find A Grave Memorial# 9241

Scientist. The son of Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, who is considered the patriarch of the American Lutheran Church, he himself was an ordained Lutheran minister, and served as the pastor of the Holy Trinity Lutheran Church in Lancaster, Pennsylvania for thirty-five years. He became an expert in American botany after his retirement from the clergy, and published a number of seminal botanical works, his best known and influential being "Catalogus Plantarum Americae Septentrionalis" in 1813, and "Descriptio Uberior Graminum et Plantarum Calamariarum Americae Septentrionalis Indiginarum et Cicurum" in 1817.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy: Aug 11 2019, 2:27:28 UTC

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Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, Botanist's Timeline

1753
November 17, 1753
Trappe, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States
1782
May 13, 1782
Age 28
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
1789
April 26, 1789
Age 35
1795
March 14, 1795
Age 41
1815
May 23, 1815
Age 61
Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
May 23, 1815
Age 61
Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
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