About Immanuel Benveniste
Immanuel Benveniste (Venice 1608-Amsterdam c.1660) was an Italian Jewish printer in Amsterdam who printed many Hebrew works including an edition of the Talmud from 1644-48.
He was one of a number of notable Portuguese Jewish printers at Amsterdam in the seventeenth century, including Manasseh ben Israel, David de Castro Tartas, and Joseph and Immanuel Athias. Benveniste also published the sermons of Saul Levi Morteira in 1652.
There isn't much about Immanuel Benveniste. In 5399 or 1639 he becane a member of the brotherhood Ets Haim, which provided support for students, In the same year he became a member of Honen Dalim, another charity. His name is not under the statutes of the Amsterdam Portuguese Jeiwsh Community, but he signed the very first revision of the statutes. From his marriage bans of the 4th of January 1640 - see image - we learn that he came from Venice, that his parents were alive - maybe in Venice? - and that his brother in law is Emanuel Duarte Brandon. His wife is another Benveniste, Branca, she is from Trancoso, Portugal. I could not find anything about this brother in law. He had a printing business, which was very active, but he does not seem to have made a lot of money from it. [Ton Tielen]
He died the 18th of Heshvan 5425
The Fintas - synagoge tax - of Imanuel Benveniste was fixed at 6 guilders per year - solid middle middle class. His Promesas - voluntary contributions - varied, but peaked around the time of his wifes death. His Ymposta - a tax of one thousandst on each foreign business deal - was modest compared with some others, but most Portuguese Jews were not international merchants. So he traded outside the Netherlands Republic. The following entries are from City ARchives Amsterdam, 334, Portuguese Jewish Community 172, Journal of income and expenses. The image shows an entry from 1 Nissan 5416 5413, 20 Elul, Imanuel Benveniste pays 5 guilders – 4 stuvers in Promesas, 17 s in Ymposta, and3 g in Fintas 5414, 1 Nissan, Imanuel Benveniste pays 5 g – 18 s in Promesas 5415, 2 Tisry, Imanuel Benveniste pays 5 g – 6 s in Promesas, 2 g - 10 s in Ymposta, and3 g in Fintas 5415, 4 Nisan, Imanuel Benveniste pays 7 g – 14 s in Promesas and 1 g - 3 s in Ymposta 5416, 3 Tisry, Imanuel Benveniste pays 3 g – 18 s in Promesas, 2 g - 9 s – 8 pennies in Ymposta, and3 g in Fintas 5416, 1 Nissan, Imanuel Benveniste pays 11 g – 8 s in Promesas and 2 g - 4 s in Ymposta 5417, 14 Tisry, Imanuel Benveniste pays 4 g – 2 s in Promesas, 18 p in Ymposta, and3 g in Fintas On 5417, 1 Nissan Ymanuel Benveniste pays 21 g – 11 s in Promesas and 5 g - 4 s in Ymposta On 5417, 14 Tisry, Imanuel Bembeniste pays 31 g – 11 s in Promesas and 5 g - 4 s p in Ymposta On 5418, 14 Tisry, Imanuel Bembeniste pays 18 g – 6 s in Promesas and 2 g - 10 s – 8 p in Ymposta and 3 g in Fintas On 5418, 1 Nissan, Imanuel Bembeniste pays 66 g – 4 s in Promesas and 2 g - 13 s – 8 p in Ymposta On 5419, 14 Tisry, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 7 g – 12 s in Promesas, 4 g - 1 s in Ymposta and 3 g in Fintas On 5419, 1 Nissan, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 5 g – 6 s in Promesas and 2 g - 9 s in Ymposta On5420, 14 Tisry, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 3 g – 16 s in Promesas, 8 g - 1 s in Ymposta and 3 g in fintas On 5420, Nissan 2, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 7 g – 2 s in Promesas and 4 g - 12 s in Ymposta On5421, 12 Tisry, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 13 g – 18 s in Promesas, 0 g in Ymposta and 6 g in fintas On 5421, Nissan 2, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 3 g – 6 s in Promesas and 2 g - 5 s in Ymposta On5422, 12 Tisry, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 1 g – 6 s in Promesas, 0 g in Ymposta and 6 g in fintas On 5422, Nissan 1, Ymanuel Benveniste is mentioned On 5423, 13 Tisry, Ymanuel Benveniste pays 6 s in Promesas, but no Ymposta and no Fintas On 5423, 3 Nissan, no Imanuel On 5424, 14 Tisry, Imanuel Benveniste is mentioned, but he pays nothing in Fintas, Promesas or Ymposta On 5424, 5 Nissan, no Imanuel Benveniste On 5425, 1 Kislev, no Imanuel Benveniste