Irene Syrikaina

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Irene Syrikaina

Death: She may have been stoned to death in September 1332 in the purges that followed Basil Megas Komnenos's
Immediate Family:

Wife of Manuel I Megas Komnenos, emperor of Trebizond
Mother of Ióannés II Megas Komnenos, Emperor of Trebizond; George Megas Komnenos, Emperor of Trebizond; Theodora Megale Komnena, of Trebizond and Daughter

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About Irene Syrikaina

Irene Syrikaina was the third Empress consort of Manuel I of Trebizond. She may be the same Irene Syrikaina whom Michael Panaretos mentions was stoned to death in September 1332 in the purges that followed Basil Megas Komnenos's accession to the throne.[1]


The male form of her family name has been suggested being either "Syrikainos" or "Syrikos". [1] The name may be related to the island Syros or to the terms "Syrios", "Syrikos", "Syriakos", all Greek language for Syrian. The geographic term Syria also applied to Coele-Syria and Transjordan. [2]


Irene is briefly mentioned in the chronicle of Michael Panaretos. "And the son of lord Manuel by the lady Irene Syrikaina, the lord George Komnenos, succeeded to the throne and reigned for fourteen years" [3] Which indicates she was the mother of George, Emperor of Trebizond and John II of Trebizond, presumed to have been the youngest sons of Manuel. The marriage of Irene and Manuel likely occurred in the 1250s or early 1260s. [4]

Manuel had at least two daughters whose mother is not mentioned. They could be children by Irene or another of his wives. One of the daughters married Demetre II of Georgia, the other married one of his Didebul. [5] Though mentioned in modern genealogies as a name, "Didebul" was actually a title. According to "The Bagrationi (Bagration) Dynasty" by Christopher Buyers, the Didebul were "non-hereditary noblemen of high rank, senior to aznaur, usually enjoyed by one in state service". [6]

Panaretos records that Manuel died in March, 1263. He was succeeded by Andronikos II of Trebizond, only known son by Anna Xylaloe, his first wife. [7]