Ivor Guest 1st Viscount Wimborne

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About Ivor Guest 1st Viscount Wimborne

Ivor Churchill Guest 1st Viscount Wimborne PC

From Wikipedia


Ivor Churchill Guest, 1st Viscount Wimborne, PC (16 January 1873 – 14 June 1939), known as Lord Ashby St Ledgers from 1910 to 1914 and as Lord Wimborne from 1914 was a British politician, and one of the last Lords Lieutenant of Ireland, serving in that position at the time of the Easter Rising.

Background and education

Guest was the son of Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne and Lady Cornelia, daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough. He was the elder brother of Frederick Guest, Oscar Guest and Henry Guest and a first cousin of Winston Churchill. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He served in the Second Boer War and was awarded the Queen's South Africa Medal with two clasps. After returning to the United Kingdom he was appointed a Captain in the Dorset Imperial Yeomanry in January 1902.[2]

Political career, 1900–1915

He was elected to Parliament for Plymouth in 1900 (a seat he had unsuccessfully contested in 1898), as a Conservative, and retained his seat in the general election of 1900. In 1904, during the controversy within the Conservative Party over adopting protectionism, Guest and other members of his family followed Churchill into the Liberal Party in support of free trade. He sat as an MP until 1910, when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Ashby St Ledgers, of Ashby St Ledgers in the County of Northampton,[3] and became Paymaster General in the government of H. H. Asquith.[4] He served as Paymaster General until 1912, and later served as a Lord in Waiting on King George V. In 1914 he succeeded his father as Baron Wimborne. At the start of World War I he was appointed to the staff of the newly formed 10th (Irish) Division under Lieutenant-General Sir Bryan Mahon at the Curragh Camp.[5][6]

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1915–1918

In February 1915 Wimborne was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in succession to Lord Aberdeen. At this time the Lord Lieutenant was largely a ceremonial position; real power was in the hands of the Chief Secretary and the Under-Secretary. Determined to be more involved in decision-making, he was appointed Director of Recruiting in October 1915, heading up the new Department of Recruiting for Ireland.[6] He insisted on being kept up to date on the state of the country, and had the Under-Secretary, Sir Matthew Nathan, send him police reports, details of prosecutions and recruitment figures.[7]

On the weekend preceding the Easter Rising, following the capture of the German arms ship Aud and the arrest of Sir Roger Casement, Wimborne urged Nathan to order the arrest of a large number of rebel leaders. Nathan was unwilling to do so without the authorisation of the Chief Secretary, Augustine Birrell, who was in London.[8] Before the authorisation was received the Rising began on 24 April 1916. Wimborne proclaimed martial law in Dublin. Thereafter the military took control. A new Commander-in Chief, General Sir John Maxwell, arrived in Ireland on 28 April and the rebels surrendered on 29 April. Wimborne initially refused to offer his resignation after the Rising. He resigned under pressure from the government but was re-appointed.[9] The Royal Commission on the 1916 Rebellion (the Hardinge commission) exonerated Wimborne of any blame for the Rising, saying that his position as Lord Lieutenant was "anomalous in quiet times and almost unworkable in times of crisis".[10] He continued as Lord Lieutenant for another two years. On his retirement in 1918 he was created Viscount Wimborne, of Canford Magna in the County of Dorset.[11]


Lord Wimborne married at St Peter's Church, Eaton Square, London, on 10 February 1902, the Honourable Alice Grosvenor, daughter of Robert Grosvenor, 2nd Baron Ebury.[12] They had one son and two daughters. By the 1930s they were living separate lives, though remaining on the friendliest terms. From 1934 until her death Alice was linked with the composer William Walton.[13] Wimborne died in June 1939, aged 66, at Wimborne House in Arlington Street, London, the house in which he was born. He was succeeded by his only son, Ivor. Lady Wimborne died in April 1948, aged 67.


Jump up ^ "Guest, the Hon. Ivor Churchill (GST890IC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. Jump up ^ The London Gazette: no. 27398. p. 389. 17 January 1902. Jump up ^ The London Gazette: no. 28349. p. 1953. 18 March 1910. Retrieved 11 December 2008. Jump up ^ Hazlehurst, C., Whitehead, S. and Woodland, C., A Guide to the Papers of British Cabinet Ministers, 1900–1964, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p. 168 Jump up ^ Ó Broin, Leon, Dublin Castle & the 1916 Rising, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1970, p. 31 ^ Jump up to: a b Townshend, Charles, Easter 1916: The Irish Rebellion, Penguin, 2006, ISBN 978-0-14-101216-2, p. 147 Jump up ^ Ó Broin, Leon, Dublin Castle & the 1916 Rising pp. 68–69 Jump up ^ Townshend, Charles, Easter 1916: The Irish Rebellion pp. 149–151 Jump up ^ Ó Broin, Leon, Dublin Castle & the 1916 Rising pp. 120–121 Jump up ^ Ó Broin, Leon, Dublin Castle & the 1916 Rising p. 161 Jump up ^ The London Gazette: no. 30781. p. 7940. 5 July 1918. Retrieved 11 December 2008. Jump up ^ "Court circular" The Times (London). Tuesday, 11 February 1902. (36688), p. 10. Jump up ^ Kennedy, Michael (1989). Portrait of Walton. Oxford University Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-19-816705-9.

External links

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ivor Guest Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by

Edward George Clarke

Sigismund Ferdinand Mendl Member of Parliament for Plymouth 1900–1906 With: Sigismund Ferdinand Mendl to Oct 1900 Henry Duke 1900–1906

Succeeded by

Thomas William Dobson Charles Mallet

Preceded by

Edward James Reed Member of Parliament for Cardiff 1906–1910

Succeeded by

David Alfred Thomas Political offices

Preceded by

The Lord Southwark Paymaster-General 1910–1912

Succeeded by

The Lord Strachie

Preceded by

The Lord Willingdon Lord-in-Waiting 1913–1915

Succeeded by

The Lord Ranksborough

Preceded by

The Earl of Aberdeen Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1915–1918

Succeeded by

The Viscount French

Peerage of the United Kingdom

New creation

Viscount Wimborne 1918–1939

Succeeded by

Ivor Grosvenor Guest

Preceded by

Ivor Bertie Guest Baron Wimborne 1914–1939

New creation

Baron Ashby St Ledgers 1910–1939

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Ivor Guest 1st Viscount Wimborne's Timeline

January 16, 1873
January 16, 1873
Poole, Dorset, England
January 16, 1873
Poole, Dorset, England
February 21, 1903
Age 30
Age 32
Age 34
June 14, 1939
Age 66
London, Middlesex, UK