James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin

Is your surname Bruce?

Research the Bruce family

James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine

Birthplace: Park Lane, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Death: Died in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India
Place of Burial: Saint Johns Church Cemetery, Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin and Elizabeth Bruce, Countess of Elgin
Husband of Elizabeth Mary Bruce, Countess of Elgin and Kincardine and Mary Louisa Bruce
Father of Lady Elma Bruce; Lady Mary Bruce; Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin; Charles Bruce; Hon. Frederick John Bruce and 4 others
Brother of Sir Frederick William Adolphus Bruce; Maj.-Gen. Hon. Robert Bruce; Thomas Charles Bruce; Charlotte Christian Bruce, Lady; Lady Augusta Elizabeth Frederica Stanley and 2 others
Half brother of George Charles Constantine Bruce, Lord Bruce; Mary Bruce; Matilda Harriet Bruce; Lucy Bruce and William Bruce

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin

"James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine, KT, GCB, PC (20 July 1811 – 20 November 1863), was a British colonial administrator and diplomat. He was the Governor General of the Province of Canada, a High Commissioner in charge of opening trades with China and Japan, and Viceroy of India.[1] As British High Commissioner in China during the Second Opium War in 1860 he infamously ordered the destruction of one of Asia's most important historical sites, the Old Summer Palace in Beijing."









Citations / Sources:

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1296. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, page 1246.

[S77] Leslie Stephen, editor, Dictionary of National Biography (London, U.K.: Smith, Elder & Company, 1908), volume III, page 104-106. Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 5 p. 44-45.

view all 18

James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin's Timeline

July 20, 1811
Park Lane, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Age 30
June 4, 1843
Age 31
May 16, 1849
Age 37
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
April 27, 1853
Age 41
September 16, 1854
Age 43
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom