James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis

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About James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis

James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis was a British clergyman, and peer.

Cornwallis was the third son of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of the 2nd Viscount Townshend, and niece of Sir Robert Walpole. His uncle, Frederick, was Archbishop of Canterbury. Frederick's twin brother, Edward, was a military officer, colonial governor, and founder of Halifax, Nova Scotia. James's brother William was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. His other brother, Charles, would go down in history as the general who "lost" the American Revolutionary War.

He was educated at Eton College, proceeding in 1760 to Christ Church, Oxford. He was subsequently a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford.

He was Rector of Ickham from 1769–73, of Addisham-with-Staple from 1770–81, of Newington in 1770, Prebendary of Westminster Abbey from 1770–85, Vicar of Wrotham from 1771–85, Rector of Boughton Malherbe from 1773–85 and Dean of Canterbury from 1775-81. In 1774-75 he served as Master's Mate aboard HMS Pallas, which was under the command of his brother William and stationed off the west African coast.

On 30 April 1771 Cornwallis married Catherine Mann (a sister of Sir Horatio Mann, 2nd Baronet) and they had one child, James. In 1814, he inherited Sir Horatio's estate at Linton Park. In 1823 he inherited the earldom of Cornwallis from his nephew, Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis but held the title for less than a year, when it passed to his son.

In 1781 he was appointed Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry and was Dean of Windsor from 1791–94 and Dean of Durham from 1794 before dying in office in 1824.

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