Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy

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Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy (Sørum)

Also Known As: "Ogmundsson"
Birthplace: Bratsberg, Telemark, Norway
Death: after 1360
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Tore Håkonsson, baron and Ingebjørg Erlingsdatter Bjarkøy
Wife of Baron Ivar Ogmundsson Rova; Andres Bjarnesson, Bjarkøy and Ivar Ogmundsson Rova
Mother of Kristine Andersdotter; Kristina Ivarsdatter Rova and Cecilia Ivarsdatter Rova
Sister of Håkon Thorsson; Elin Toresdatter Stovreim and NN Toresdotter

Managed by: Rolf Inge Holden
Last Updated:

About Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy

Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy Sørum

  • Daughter of Tore Håkonsson, baron and Ingebjørg Erlingsdatter Tandberg
  • Kristina Toresdatter, born about 1285 on Bratsberg. [2840] She married [2841] (1) with Andres Bjarnesson. She married (2) with Iver Ogmundsen Rova. Ivar Ogmundson Rova f. Omk 1290, Occupation: Governor in Tønsberg and, G. Kristine Thorersdatter. Ivar died in 1350. Ivar Ogmundsson Rova may have been married to Rønnaug Smidsdtr., Daughter of Smid Eriksson.


  • First married to Bjarkøyridder Andres Bjarnesson, who died already 1305, no children
  • Second m, Andres Bjarnesson, issue one daughter Kristine Andersdotter
  • Third: married the famous Hestbø knight and sheriff in Skien, Ivar Ogmunsson Rova, son of Agmund Sigurdsson of hestbø at Finnøy in Ryfylke. Mentioned in 1295 as a knight, later became Baron and Marker of Håkon V.

Children with Andres Bjarnesson

Children of Ivar Ogmundsen HESBØ / ROVA and Kristina Thorersdatter

  • 1. Kristin / Kristina Ivarsdotter, Born: Sauherad, Telemark, Death: Sauherad, Telemark, (1) med Andres Bjarnesson. Hun giftet seg [2842] (2) med Iver Ogmundsen Rova.
  • 2. Cecilia Ivarsdatter ROVA, Born: Rova, Sauherad, Telemark, approx. 1295, Death: Nes Søndre, Gjerpen, Telemark, ca, med (1) with Torleiv Saksebjørnsson, born about 1295 at Lindheim in Sauherad, [2838] died before 1341. She married [2839] (2) with Vetride Borgarsen


In 1264 Margreta died Nikolasdatter's father, and she became the sole owner of the whole Giskegodset. Bjarne Erlingsson, who was to become her husband, was first mentioned in the diploma material in August 1273 where Bjarne is mentioned far down on the name list, and we can then assume that he was quite young and not in high service at this time.51 In 1276 Bjarne is mentioned as Bjarne in Giske in the saga, and has then been married to Margreta in the period 1273-1276, and the same year Tore Håkonsson also married the king's resignation Ingebjørg Erlingsdatter of Tornbergætta.52 Their first daughter Kristin must most probably have been born between late 1277 and once in the 1280s. She had two siblings, Håkon and Elin, where we know that Elin was the youngest of the sisters (Håkon was probably the oldest). Kristin was married to Andres Bjarnesson, Margreta Nikolasdatter and Bjarne Erlingsson's son, while her sister Elin was married to Andres's cousin, Erling Vidkunnsson, probably several years after her sister.53 As Kristin and Andres's daughter, Kristine Andresdatter, is mentioned in Bjarne Erlingsson's will. from 1309, they have probably been married for at least one year at that time.54 Bjarne's will may have been written on the occasion that he received an heir to the guillotine in Kristine, but the testament may also have been written as a result of his son Andres's death . Hence greater reason to believe that Kristine Andresdatter was a few years older, but with no older siblings. She must still have died by 1313 when her grandfather dies.55 Andres is not mentioned in the diploma material except in his father's will (where he is stated to be dead), and considering his father's position one would think that he would have figured more in public affairs. His brother-in-law, Håkon Toresson, is mentioned together with his father in 1305 and on later occasions, but we find no similar documents where Andres behaves in the same way.56 Thus, it can be assumed that Andres died young, perhaps he was not even authoritative at his death, and it is possible that Kristin Toresdatter was even younger than him again. Christian's sister Elin was probably not married to Erling Vidkunnsson until many years after her sister had become a widow, and so she was probably a few years younger than her sister. Her husband, Erling, was born after 1291 since her parents were married at the earliest autumn of 1291.57 Elin was probably younger than her husband, as it was the norm, perhaps she was born so late as 1300.58 Elin Toresdatter and Erling Vidkunnsson were probably married after he was.

The farm Nes has its name after the great nest that expands in the North Sea and is now called Nesodden. Here are many farms today, but Nes is the oldest of them all. It must have been a farm at Nes all before Christ's birth, in the oldest age of farm in this country, as it is known from stories and narratives. Nes was a single farm until the Viking Age. (Approx. 800-1000 AD). The farm was divided into three, southern, middle and north Nes. In the Old Norse era, even more farms were divided from the three old Nesgarden. But in the desert after the Black Death, most of the divorced farms were added to a few farms that were claimed. These farms were Søndre og Nordre Nes, Østgården and Vestgården, Kjørkjestugu (middle nes) and Hesthag., In total 6 farms. They all had a blame of 4 TD each. grain in the 1500s and later. From ancient times, powerful generations must have been linked to Nes, which, from nature's side, is well equipped and is particularly central and strategic to the North Sea. On Nes has a more strange place name that must be from pagan times. Outside Torslund, Torslundstand and Torslunstigen you have the unique Hildshågå, the hollow of the holy hilt. This is a name as a setter associated with Eddakvadet and the mysterious eating circle Hildingane. The Hyndlujod squad tells about the origins of Hilding hætta. The king of Halvdan was a forefather of Harald Grendske, who was the grandfather of Halvdan Svarte, father of Harald Hårfagre. The sagas have a lot of ancient letters (D.N) clearly defined to the settlements around the North Sea and the nearest waterways. Heddal and Bø were the outskirts of Grenland. Harald Hårfagre gave his son Bjørn Farmann a raid over Grenland, and then his landlord there for the sake and possession. Much indicates that Nes was one of the kingdoms of the ancient rulers of Grenland. The story that Nes was a royal estate is therefore probably right. From Bjørn Farmann went madly and flew over to his son Gudrød. He got a good married name, it's called in the saga.

Secure information about the people at Nes, we will first get from the 1300s. At that time, the storm man played from Hestbø on Finnøy in Ryfylke farm. Hestbø had a strong connection with Sudreim in Rome. At Sudereim there was one who called Jon and he was the father of Ivar Rova. He had at least three sons. The eldest, Sigurd became a lendmann in Ryfylke and got the big horse farm Hestbø on Finnøy as a lion god. Through several poems, the Horsemen became known as many landlords in southern Norway and south western Norway. But the only landlord that one knows about has belonged to the actual men's line from Sigurd Ivarson., Is Prestholt and Nes in Nesherad. Ivar Ogmundson was the son of Sigurd Ivarson's son. Mr. Ivar was the Governor of the Skiing Syslaw from 1335. He was sitting on the Dags Family's old family farm Bratsberg, which was probably his own and not good-bye. Mr. Ivar was married to Mrs Kristin Toresdtr. and had two daughters. Both married in 1341. One was Kristin and married the Swedish armed forces Nils Magnusson to Turku in Sødermannland. The other can not be other than Cecilia on Nes, first married to the hirsman Torleiv Saksabjørnson at Lindheim, and later with Vetrlide Borgarson from Hem in Sauherad. After the information one has, Nes and several farms who have gone out of Nes must have heard of Mr. Ivar and his posterity. If Nes was one of the royal farms of Harald Grendske, it is good that this farmhouse was excluded for so long.


History of Mother Ingebjørg Erlingsdotter Tanberg

  • Ingebjørg Erlingsdotter Tanberg or Tornberg, born 1250, also known as Ingeborg.

If the timing of the attachments is concerned, nothing else is that it is every year, so they have probably been meant to continue for all the future. Bjarne asked great demands, but he was also one of the country's most powerful men. To the poor both in Romsdal and Sunnmøre, 1 read grain (12 skippund) was given. Bjørn's present and future servants should be favored with one year's land tax on his native land, according to what he / she was worth. Ingebjørg Erlingsdatter (Anders Bjarness mother in law), Kristine Andersdatter (Bjarnes son daughter), Øygerd (Margretas søsteratter) and Jon ("Joe, my brother's son" probably an illegitimate son of Vidkunn Erlingsson) was favored with, among other things, property. Øygerd would receive 5 marks of gold as well as 5 month-olds in Rochedhall and Gangstad, on the condition that she married Bjørnes consent. No real-life sisters of Margreta are known. It is therefore nearby to believe that Øygerd must be the daughter of an illegitimate daughter, most likely of Margretas father Nikolaus.

As mentioned earlier, the men's line of Giske-egta died out and Margreta was single-handed. Maybe her also, Øygerd's male relatives on the father's side were extinct, so that Bjarne Erlingsson ended up as the closest male relative, thus claiming marriage with his consent from a position as her married husband

The gift of Bjarnes son-in-law Kristine has given the historians some headache, and there is doubt about who the gift really meant. Both Knut Helle and Knut Robberstad have assumed that the seat of Giske was originally for Bjørn's son, Kristin, and not for Kristine.

As the original testament has been lost, it may well be a mistake during the depreciation, where both their name and family relationship with Bjarne may have been confused. Knut Helle states that Kristin Toresdatter probably died around 1340, while according to Audun Dybdahl, it is possible that Kristin had died before 1309.

As far as the donation of Giske is concerned, it is stated in the transcript of the transcript that it is for "Kristine, my son-in-law".

Initially, this should not have been necessary to include, as Kristine had the right to cultivate the farm. If the farm was to Kristin, but she was dead before the test came into force, the farm would go to her daughter Kristine, who in any event was the only direct descendant of both Kristin and Bjarne Erlingsson. This is a question that I will go into further in the next section. The conditions that followed the gift of the grandson Jon was that he did not in any way get rid of the earth and that, if he had no survival, he should be returned to Bjarne and his heirs. Of personal objects, so-called memorial gifts, Queen Eufemia was brushed a gilded steeple, and Tore Håkonsson (son's father-in-law) a gilded image of St. Nikolas. Gyrid Andresdatter (Brorkona) would have a belt of gold, as Bjarne on one of his diplomatic travels had been conceived by King Edvard I, as well as a non-gilded steeple. Queen Eufemia died in 1312, the year before Bjarne and therefore hardly got his gift. Tracking that Bjarnes testamentary wishes were put out alive, we find, among other things, a receipt to Erling Vidkunsson, where Archbishop Eilif in Nidaros confirms to have received all landlord such as Bjarne, in his will, giving St. Olav's church in Nidaros.

Bjarne and Margreta's only surviving direct descendant was the son-in-law Kristine, who survived her grandfather with a small margin. How old Kristine was when she died, we do not know. If we assume that Bjarne and Margreta married before 1276 (since he is referred to as Bjarne in Giske) and that his son Anders was born one of the next consecutive years, Anders would be in the first half of the 30's when he died once before 1309. Bjørn's close relationship with Tore Håkonsson may have led to a marriage between Anders and Kristin being entered into early, to link the families together. We know nothing about the age difference between them, but wealthy men were often a lot older than their wives. That Anders and Kristin only had one child can be indicative that they had not been married for a long time when Anders died. A marriage that took place as soon as Kristin was old enough could fit in well with Knut Helle's theory that she died around 1340. In that case, one would assume her daughter was unsuitable (under 20 years) when she took over the grandfather's God, and thus it was ruled by her mother if she still lived.

As mentioned earlier, it is uncertain whether the Giske farmhouse was given to Kristin (Bjørn's son's wife) or Kristine (Bjarnes son daughter). If Kristine survived the mother, the mother's concession, according to the inheritance of the Landsloven, go to her When she died childless, the tax return to the genus originally came from (ie back to Ingebjørg, Tore and their other descendants). Any values ​​held outside the club, on Anders Bjarnesson's side, would return to his family. Kristine's closest heir had to be found in the fifth legacy class to find. The National Law states that married uncle uncle and married unmarried sister-in-law inherit together.

Håkon Toresson, who was Christ's uncle, was thus her closest heir. Kristins aunt, Elin Toresdatter married married Erling Vidkunnson (Anders Bjarnesson's cousin), who she had four married children with. This marriage reinforced the alliance between the relatives, when the two siblings in the Bjarkøy family were married to Tore Håkonsson's two daughters. Erling Vidkunnson was around 21 when Kristine died. After receiving Giske (after either Kristine, Kristin, Håkon Toresson- or his son Stig Håkonsson's death), Erling Vidkunnson advised over both Bjarkøy-Stårheim and Giskegodset. Through his wife he also took care of her father's land in Eastern Norway and the Orkney Islands.

Erling rose as high as possible. During his little over 60 years he was both Knight, Syslemann, National Council and Queen's seat. The latter title followed with the definitely most important role a non-royal could achieve - namely the role of the national author. In 1319, Håkon V. died. The Norwegian kingdoms were broken in the men's line, and Håkon's dawn, three-year-old Magnus Eriksson, was elected Norwegian king. Magnus had already been elected king in Sweden, which brought the two countries into a royal community that lasted until 1350. In 1322 and 23, it became "( ... ) completed bargain, where the ruler of the top plan was given firmer forms under aristocratic control as long as the king was unsuitable. "

Erling Vidkunnsson was then elected to queen seat, a representative he occupied until Magnus became official in 1331-32. Ever since the 1250s Norway had been in conflict with the Russian empire Novgorod. It strained the relationship between the riches in disagreement about trade and taxation of the Sami.

This led to repeated raid from Russians and Karelians into northern Norway, where institutions and the like. which represented central authorities were attacked. This caused Erling to personally feel the consequences of when Bjarkøy family's arena, the farmhouse at Bjarkøy, in 1323 was burned by the Russians.

Erling was naturally concerned with the defense of northern Norway. First, he addressed the church with prayer for support to defend Hålogaland against Finns, Russians and Karelians. When he was rejected, he addressed the pope on which he was given half of the six-year-old who was charged with the Norwegian carnivorous crusade against the Turks. "

One can not ignore the fact that it was of this money that Vardøhus fortress was raised.

In 1323 and 1326, peace agreements came between Sweden and Novgorod, Norway and Novgorod in place.

The agreements involved border withdrawal for common tax areas. The Norwegian-Novgorodian common tax area extended from Kola and to Lyngstua / Målselv.

Erling was an avid property manager, and his activities left a large amount of resources. God's redeemed, bought, sold, given, makebytt, and received as a gift and through fines. The earth his wife, Elin owned in Orkney, together with his siblings, was sold in 1329.

To the abbot in Munkeliv, a total of 22 ½ month food bolts were sold in farms in Hardanger, against the value of 110 marks, paid in English and Norwegian money, fabric, a gilded stool and a gold ring Erling had previously pledged.

Another divorce was the gift he gave to St. Mary's Church in Tønsberg for Stig Håkonsson - his wife's grandson's soul. In Lofoten, he received a monthly meal ball (Spannsleie) at Leknes without any reason being given. Erling was, through his mother, the right cultivator of the farm Stårheim in Sogn. It was somehow time arrived Mrs. Torbjørgs hands, but was redeemed by Erling in 1324, for 25 mark burned silver.

From 1329 and the next few years, his amount of goods increased in the areas around the Stårheim and Giske farms, through purchases, gifts and change of ownership.

He also handed some goods through fines, against committing debt or other duties to the one who dispossessed the land for him.

Around 1350, Erling has been on a pilgrimage to Rome. On his return, he ended up being taken prisoner in England. Even more simultaneous sources of this situation have been lost, Archbishop Aslak Bolt, in the 1430s, entered his book of land that "(...) Mr. Olav Archbishop got Tjøtta and Tilrem by Mr. Erling Vidkunnsson for gold and silver that he laid out for him when he was taken prisoner in England. "

In addition to the farms Stårheim and the farm Høyninjar In Sogn came at least 96 new month food ball into Erling's own between 1321 and 1353. We know little about how Erling's goods were divided between the two daughters who still lived when Erling died in 1355.

Odelsgutten Bjarne Erlingsson d.y. was dead the year before, but one can see the following as a provision of advances in inheritance: In his «yttazsta tima okay, kićlæik, my jnghibiorgho dottor had Bjarne Erlingsson asked his father to give his sister Ingebjørg Giske all that was possible. This did Erling in January 1354, with the words that it would only happen if his other daughters and sons in law did not object to it.

In that case, Ingebjørg would have quote and tenth of all his goods (ie 1/10 of odelsgods, ¼ of the remainder), in accordance with Nicolaus Breakspear's Gift Statute and the Landsloven.

Another track regarding the legacy of Erling is found in a gift letter dated January 1, 1330, where Svein Sigurdsson gave Erling 1/3 of the farm Kvåle, in Sogn, one part of Valeberg, as well as horses, bigfoot and more. This would allow the giver to go to Gyrid Erlingsdatter after Erling's death. The reason was the goodwill Erling's mother, Gyrid Andresdatter, had shown Svein in his childhood.


  • Knut Robberstad completely ignores the fact that it is a marvelous daughter of Margreta. He has, in his translation of the will, done what I mean is an all Too big leap by replacing "Øigerdh, My Margrettis sister daughter" with "Sigrid, my niece mi". (Robberstad, K. 1947:Law and Letter from Old Norse Time: texts and translations for use in legal history exercises for legal students
  • skrivemaskinstua, Oslo: 16) 126 Helle 26.9.2009: "Erling Vidkunnsson" i Norwegian biographical lexicon, Available from: [6.5.2014]; Robberstad 1947: s.15.
  • Helle 26.9.2009:
  • Dybdahl 1998: s. 404.
  • Markhus-2000, Markhus, Bjørn, (Norway: 2000).
  • Rønneberg-2000, Rønneberg, Warren "Skip", (California: Oct 2000).
  • Lillebye13-2002, Lillebye, Einar, ( 2002).
  • Lund-Est-2005, Lund, Ira J., (Latrobe Pennsylvania: 2005-2015).
  • Institute historie og religion. Bjarkøy-ættas etterkommere: ca. 1250 - 1605 Arv, eiendomsoverføring og ekteskap by Astrid Marie Mellem Johnsen Masteroppgave i historie – Mai 2014
  • Herr Ivar Ogmundsen Rova til Hestbø i Ryfylke -

Om Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy (Dansk)

.. først gift med Bjarkøyridderen Andres Bjarnesson, som døde allerede 1305, ingen barn m, Andres. Deretter gift med den kjente Hestbø-ridder og sysselmann i Skien, Ivar Ogmunsson Rova, sønn av Agmund Sigurdsson av hestbø på Finnøy i Ryfylke. Nevnes i 1295 som ridder, ble senere baron og merkesmann hos Håkon V.

Kristina Toresdatter, født ca 1285 på Bratsberg.[2840] Hun giftet seg[2841] (1) med Andres Bjarnesson. Hun giftet seg[2842] (2) med Iver Ogmundsen Rova.

Om Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy (Norsk)

.. først gift med Bjarkøyridderen Andres Bjarnesson, som døde allerede 1305, ingen barn m, Andres. Deretter gift med den kjente Hestbø-ridder og sysselmann i Skien, Ivar Ogmunsson Rova, sønn av Agmund Sigurdsson av hestbø på Finnøy i Ryfylke. Nevnes i 1295 som ridder, ble senere baron og merkesmann hos Håkon V.

Kristina Toresdatter, født ca 1285 på Bratsberg.[2840] Hun giftet seg[2841] (1) med Andres Bjarnesson. Hun giftet seg[2842] (2) med Iver Ogmundsen Rova.

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Kristin Toresdatter Bjarkøy's Timeline

Telemark, Norway
Age 47
Age 75