Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna, U.S. Senator

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Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna

Birthplace: Lisbon, Columbiana, OH, United States
Death: February 15, 1904 (66)
Washington, District of Columbia, DC, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Dr Leonard Hanna and Samantha Maria Converse Hanna
Husband of Charlotte Augusta Rhodes Hanna
Father of Daniel Rhodes Hanna, Sr.; Private and Ruth Hanna, U.S. Congress
Brother of Robert Hanna; Howard Melville Hanna; Leonard Colton Hanna, Jr.; Salome Maria Chapin; Lilian Converse Hanna and 2 others

Managed by: Private User
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About Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna, U.S. Senator

Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna (September 24, 1837 – February 15, 1904) was a Republican United States Senator from Ohio and the friend and political manager of President William McKinley. Hanna had made millions as a businessman, and used his money and business skills to successfully manage McKinley's presidential campaigns in 1896 and 1900.

Hanna was born in New Lisbon (today Lisbon), Ohio, in 1837. His family moved to the growing city of Cleveland in his teenage years, where he attended high school with John D. Rockefeller. He was expelled from college, and entered the family mercantile business. He served briefly during the American Civil War and married Charlotte Rhodes; her father, Daniel Rhodes, took Hanna into his business after the war. Hanna was soon a partner in the firm, which grew to have interests in many areas, especially coal and iron. He was a wealthy man in Cleveland by his 40th birthday, and turned his attention to politics.

Despite Hanna's efforts on his behalf, Ohio Senator John Sherman failed to gain the Republican nomination for president in 1884 and 1888. With Sherman becoming too old to be considered a contender, Hanna worked to elect McKinley. In 1895, Hanna left his business career to devote himself full time to McKinley's campaign for president. Hanna paid all expenses to get McKinley the nomination the following year, although the governor was in any event the frontrunner. The Democrats nominated former Nebraska Congressman William Jennings Bryan, who ran on a bimetallism, or "Free Silver", platform. Hanna's fundraising broke records, and once initial public enthusiasm for Bryan and his program subsided, McKinley was comfortably elected.

Declining a Cabinet position, Hanna secured appointment as senator from Ohio after Sherman was made Secretary of State; he was re-elected by the Ohio Legislature in 1898 and 1904. After McKinley's assassination in 1901, Senator Hanna worked for the building of a canal in Panama, rather than elsewhere in Central America. He died in 1904, and is remembered for his role in McKinley's election, thanks to savage cartoons by such illustrators as Homer Davenport, who depicted him, inaccurately, as McKinley's political master.

Contents (open wikipedia link for additional details as follows:

1 Early life and business career

2 Aspiring kingmaker (1880–1888)
3 McKinley partisan (1888–1896) 
3.1 Early relationship
3.2 Preparing for a run

4 Campaign of 1896

4.1 Nominating McKinley
4.2 Currency question; Democratic nomination
4.3 General election campaign

5 Senator (1897–1904)

5.1 McKinley advisor (1897–1901) 
5.1.1 Securing a Senate seat
5.1.2 Relationship with the President
5.1.3 Spanish-American War
5.1.4 Campaign of 1900
5.1.5 Assassination of McKinley

5.2 Roosevelt years and death (1901–1904)

5.2.1 Panama Canal involvement
5.2.2 Re-election, rumors of a presidential run, and death

6 Views and legacy

7 Public image today
8 Electoral history
9 References
view all

Marcus Alonzo "Mark" Hanna, U.S. Senator's Timeline

September 24, 1837
Lisbon, Columbiana, OH, United States
December 28, 1867
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH, United States
March 27, 1880
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH, United States
February 15, 1904
Age 66
Washington, District of Columbia, DC, United States