Margaretha van Vlaanderen

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About Margaretha van Vlaanderen

After his first wife Irmgard died childless in 1283 a year after her father had died, Reinoud claimed the duchy. This claim was recognized by King Rudolph I of Germany. This led to the battle of Woeringen in 1288 where the Duke of Brabant defeated the Count of Gelre and his allies (See Duchy of Brabant). Limburg – that since recently had come under the control of Gelre – became now part of Brabant.

Reinoud second wife was Margaretha a daughter of Gwijde de Dampierre, Count of Flanders. Two of her sisters were married to the other regional powers Jan II of Brabant and Jan I of Holland. To make it super confusing, Guy de Dampierre was married twice, and used the same names for the children of both marriages, so Reinoud’s mother was named Margaretha, like her older half-sister who was the mother of Jan II of Brabant.

The younger Margaretha was first married on 14 November 1282 to the Lord Alexander, heir to the throne of Scotland and nephew of Edward I, but he died in January 1284, and on 3 July 1286 she married Reinoud I.

Because of the large personal debts Reinoud had run up during the war against Brabant – in particular by private investors, – interestingly these included several Lombards in Brabant as well as the Knight Templar in Flanders and in Paris – his father-in-law Count Gwijde became his beneficiary, however in exchange he also became the Regent of Gelre, during which period – 1289- 1293 – Gelre’s administration was modernised and reformed. This also led, in particular under Reinoud II, to financial arrangements with the the cities in Gelre, initially for guarantees from Jews and Lombards, but increasingly also for lending. In exchange cities often achieved tax and toll advantages and/or received income from domains or other processions of the count. Withe the Gelre cities as guarantors the count was also active on foreign financial markets in Brabant and in North Germany, selling annuities in exchange for credits.

http://paulbuddehistory.com/europe/gelre/

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Margaretha van Vlaanderen's Timeline

1265
1265
Dampierre-en-Burly, Loiret, Centre, France
1290
1290
Age 25
Zutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Netherlands
1295
1295
Age 30
Netherlands
1331
1331
Age 66
Flanders, Belgium
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