Mary Neville, Countess Rivers

Is your surname Neville?

Research the Neville family

Mary Neville, Countess Rivers's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Mary Neville (Fitz Lewis), Countess Rivers

Also Known As: "lewis/"
Birthplace: Essex, , England
Death: between 1492 and December 01, 1514 (22-53)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Sir Henry FitzLewis, of Bromford & Horndon and Elizabeth Beaufort
Wife of Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers and Sir George Neville, Knight
Mother of Anne Markham
Sister of Richard FitzLewes

Managed by: Jonathan Carreira
Last Updated:

About Mary Neville, Countess Rivers

  • Mary FitzLewis1,2,3,4,5,6
  • F, #90821, b. circa 1465, d. after 1492
  • Father Sir Henry FitzLewis1,7,3,8,6 d. May 1480
  • Mother Elizabeth Beaufort1,7,3,8,6 d. b 1475
  • Mary FitzLewis was born circa 1465 at of Bromsford, Nevendon, Essex, England; Age 15 in 1480.1,5,6 She married Sir Anthony Wydeville, 2nd Earl Rivers, 8th Lord Scales, Lord of the Isle of Wight, Governor of Portsmouth, Sheriff of Caernarvonshire, son of Sir Richard Wydeville, 1st Earl Rivers, Constable of England, Lord High Treasurer and Jacquetta (Jacqueline) of Luxembourg, before October 1480; They had no issue.1,7,3,5,6 Mary FitzLewis married Sir George Neville, son of Sir Thomas Neville, Chief Steward of Durham, before 1488; Before Trinity term. They had 1 daughter (Anne, wife of Sir John Markham, Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, & Derbyshire).9,2,3,4,5,6 Mary FitzLewis died after 1492.1,7,3
  • Family 1 Sir Anthony Wydeville, 2nd Earl Rivers, 8th Lord Scales, Lord of the Isle of Wight, Governor of Portsmouth, Sheriff of Caernarvonshire b. c 1442, d. 25 Jun 1483
  • Family 2 Sir George Neville d. a 17 Sep 1517
  • Child
    • Anne Neville2,5 b. c 1490
  • Citations
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 784.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 48.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 543-544.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 238.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 652-653.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 427-428.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 47.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 652.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 251.
  • From:


  • Mary FitzLewes1
  • F, #107496
  • Last Edited=26 Apr 2002
  • Mary FitzLewes is the daughter of Sir Henry FitzLewes.1 She married Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, son of Richard Wydevill, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta de Luxembourg.1
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 124. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
  • From:


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 62
  • Woodville, Anthony by James Tait
  • WOODVILLE or WYDVILLE, ANTHONY, Baron Scales and second Earl Rivers (1442?–1483), eldest son of Richard Woodville, first earl Rivers [q. v.], and his wife Jacquetta, duchess of Bedford, was born in or about 1442 (Baker, ii. 162). Lionel Woodville [q. v.] was a younger brother. In January 1460 his father took him to Sandwich, where both were surprised and captured by a band of Yorkists and carried off to Calais to be severely ‘rated’ by the Yorkist leaders for upstart insolence in taking part in their recent attainder at Coventry (Will. Worc. p. 771; Paston Letters, i. 506). He married, between 25 July 1460 (when her father was slain by the Yorkists) and 29 March 1461, Elizabeth, baroness Scales and Neucelles (Newcells) in her own right, the childless widow of Sir Henry Bourchier, second son of Henry Bourchier, earl of Essex [q. v.] At Towton Woodville fought on the Lancastrian side, and was at first reported to have fallen (ib. ii. 5, 8; Cal. State Papers, Venetian, i. 103, 105–6). Regarding the cause of Henry VI as now ‘irremediably lost,’ he and his father transferred their allegiance to Edward IV (ib. i. 111). His recognition as Lord Scales in right of his wife followed in 1462, and under this title he was summoned to parliament from 22 Dec. in that year (Dugdale, ii. 231; Complete Peerage, vi. 371). At this moment he was helping to direct the siege of Alnwick Castle, which fell on 6 Jan. following (Paston Letters, ii. 121). After his sister Elizabeth's marriage to the king in 1464 his advancement became rapid. Two years later he succeeded the Duke of Milan as a knight of the Garter, and received a grant of the lordship of the Isle of Wight, of which he seems to have been the last holder. He was pushing a claim to the disputed estates of Sir John Fastolf [q. v.] (ib. ii. 214).
  • .... etc.
  • Rivers was twice married, but left no legitimate issue. Lady Scales, his first wife, died on 1 Sept. 1473, and, after the failure of the negotiations for his marriage to the Scottish princess, he took for his second wife Mary, daughter and coheir of Sir Henry Fitz-Lewis of Horndon, Essex, by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, second duke of Somerset. She survived him, and married secondly Sir John Neville, illegitimate son of the second Earl of Westmorland. Rivers had a natural daughter, Margaret, who became the wife of Sir Robert Poyntz of Iron Acton, Gloucestershire [see under Poyntz, Sir Francis]. His brother Richard succeeded him as third (and last) Earl Rivers.
  • [Rotuli Parliamentorum; Rymer's Fœdera, original edition; State Papers, Venetian, ed. Rawdon Brown; William of Worcester (with Stevenson's Wars of the English in France) and Wavrin's Chronicle in the Rolls Ser.; Warkworth's Chronicle, ed. Camden Soc.; Rous's Chronicle, ed. Hearne; Fabyan, ed. Ellis; Commines's Mémoires, ed. Dupont; Olivier de la Marche's Mémoires, ed. Buchon; Paston Letters, ed. Gairdner; More's Vita Ricardi III, ed. 1689; Stow's Annals, ed. 1631; Bentley's Excerpta Historica, 1831; Dugdale's Baronage; G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Peerage; Ramsay's Lancaster and York; Gairdner's Richard III, ed. 1898; other authorities in the text.]
  • From:,_Anthony_(DNB00)


  • Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers KG (c. 1440 – 25 June 1483) was an English nobleman, courtier, and writer. He was one of the leading members of the Woodville family, which came to prominence during the reign of Edward IV of England. After Edward's death he was arrested and then executed by Richard, Duke of Gloucester as part of a power-struggle between Richard and the Woodvilles.
  • He was the eldest son to survive childhood of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg. He was born in 1442. Like his father, he was originally a Lancastrian, fighting on that side at the Battle of Towton, but later became a Yorkist.
  • The Woodvilles became very influential at the royal court after his sister Elizabeth Woodville married Edward IV and he was made a Knight of the Garter. He is known to have been a great tournament champion, who once fought a two-day "duel" with Antoine, bastard of Burgundy.[2][3]
  • The Yorkists, fighting for Edward IV, were defeated at the Battle of Edgecote Moor, on 26 July 1469, and Richard Woodville and his second son John were taken prisoners at Chepstow. After a hasty and controversial trial, they were both beheaded at Kenilworth on 12 August 1469 and Anthony succeeded his father in the earldom.
  • He married Elizabeth de Scales, Baroness Scales in her own right, daughter of Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales, and widow of Henry Bourchier, younger son of Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex. Before succeeding to the earldom, Anthony was summoned to Parliament in her right as Baron Scales. After Elizabeth's death in 1473, he married Mary FitzLewis, daughter of Henry FitzLewis. He had only one child, an illegitimate daughter named Margaret, the wife of Sir Robert Poyntz (d.1520) of Iron Acton, Gloucestershire.
  • .... etc.
  • From:,_2nd_Earl_Rivers


  • 4. .... etc.
    • a) RALPH (1406-1484). He succeeded his grandfather in 1425 as Earl of Westmoreland. m firstly (contract 7 May 1426, dispensation after marriage 28 Nov 1426) as her second husband, ELIZABETH Percy, widow of JOHN de Clifford Lord Clifford, daughter of HENRY Percy "Hotspur" & his wife Elizabeth Mortimer of the Earls of March (-26 Oct 1437). m secondly (1442) MARGARET Cobham, daughter of REGINALD Cobham & his wife --- (-[1466/71]). Earl Ralph & his first wife had one child:
      • i) .... etc.
      • iii) [GEORGE Neville . m (after 1483) as her second husband, MARY, widow of ANTHONY Wydeville Earl Rivers, daughter of HENRY FitzLewis & his wife Elizabeth Beaufort.
    • b) .... etc.
  • From:



  • A history of the Markham family (1854)
  • Pg. 19
  • SIR JOHN MARKHAM married the daughter and heir of Sir George Neville, who on the female side was of royal descent. Her mother, the daughter of Sir Humphrey FitzLewes, was a grand-daughter and coheir of Edmund Beaufort, Marquess and Earl of Somerset (slain at the battle of St. Alban's), the grandson of John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster (third son of King Edward III.) and Catherine Swynford, daughter of Sir Payn Roet, Guyenne King at Arms. Independent of the brilliancy of this alliance, considerable property also accrued to the family in consequence of it, for the lady herself was her father's heir, as was her mother of Sir Humphrey FitzLewes. ....
  • Pg. 20
  • .... Besides the large possessions which devolved upon Sir John, on the demise of his father, who appears by his son's will to have died outlawed,t and those which came by his marriage with the heiress of Sir George Neville, who succeeded to the estates of Sir Humphrey Lewes, whose wife was daughter and coheiress of Edmund Beaufort Earl of Somerset ; he had grants of several others, among which is one bearing date 28 Hen, VIII, "The house and site of the Abbey of Rufforth, with large manorial possessions attached, were, under the great seal of the Court of Augmentations, demised to Sir John Markham, Knight, and his assigns for twenty-one years, for the yearly rent of twenty-two pounds eight shillings, which, with a vast deal of other property, was by reason of a certain act for dissolving certain religious houses." ....
  • .... He was thrice married ; first to Anne, daughter of Sir George Neville, by whom he had two sons, John and Henry. " This latter was in holy orders, and was installed Precentor of Lincoln Cathedral, March, 26, 1550. He died without issue.
  • JOHN MARKHAM, the eldest, .... etc.


  • The Picturesque Beauties of Great Britain: A Series of Views from Original ... By Thomas Wright
  • Pg.83
  • .... Lewis Fitz-Lewis married Margaret of Essex, and had by her sir John Fitz-Lewis, who acquired fame and knighthood in the first war with Scotland; but was slain at Boroughbridge, fighting in the Lancastrian cause against Edward the second; his estates were therefore confiscated: having married Elizabeth de Harpenden, he left by her his son, sir Richard Fitz-Lewis, to whom the family possessions were restored by king Edward the third. He married Elizabeth le Baude, by whom he had sir John Fitz-Lewis, of West Horndon; who in the inquisitions is called sir Lodowick John, and died possessed of this manor, and other estates, in 1442. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Neville, by whom he had Elizabeth, married to sir John Wingfield; secondly, he married Alicia, daughter of John de Vere, the twelfth earl of Oxford, by whom he had sir Lewis Fitz-Lewis, and sir Henry Fitz-Lewis. The latter, a brave knight, magnanimously supporting the Lancastrian interest: He married Mary, second sister and co-heiress of Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset, by whom he had Mary, his daughter and heiress, first married to Anthony Woodville, earl Rivers, and afterwards to sir John, a natural son of the earl of Westmoreland, to whom she bore Anne, married to sir John Markham. Sir John Lewis Fit-Lewis married, thirdly,
  • Pg.84
  • Anne, daughter of John Montacute, earl of Salisbury, and had by her Lodowic, or Lewis John, who appears to have had this estate; .... etc.



Reviewing my file notes, I see that Mary Fitz Lewis, Countess Rivers, was stated to be dead at Michaelmas term, 1514, when a Beaufort family lawsuit recorded that her mother, Elizabeth Beaufort's living heir and representative was John Markham (that is, Mary Fitz Lewis' son-in-law or grandson) [Reference: Baker, Reports of Cases by John Caryll 2 (Selden Soc. 116(2)) (2000): 650-653].

Based on the evidence presented in the previous post and this additional new information, it appears that Mary, Countess Rivers, was living in 1492 (as per an Act of Parliament), and that she died sometime in or before Michaelmas term, 1514 (date of the lawsuit cited above). Michaelmas term ran from 6 October to 1 December 1514. Thus, Mary Fitz Lewis, Countess Rivers, was dead sometime before 1 December 1514.

The above mentioned lawsuit helps confirm the statement found in Morant that Mary, Countess Rivers' daughter and heiress, Anne Neville, married Sir John Markham. Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire, 1 (1790): 343 similarly states that Anne, daughter of Sir George Neville, was the wife of Sir John Markham. Thoroton specifically refers to Anne Neville as"kinswoman" to Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, mother of King Henry VII, which Lady Margaret apparently helped arrange Anne Neville's marriage to Sir John Markham. Anne Neville's grandmother, Elizabeth (Beaufort) Fitz Lewis was a first cousin to Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, which explains the kinship noted between the two women.

view all

Mary Neville, Countess Rivers's Timeline

Essex, , England
Raby, Durham, England
Age 27