Musa, Queen of the Parthian Empire

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Birthplace: Italy
Death: 4 (49-50)
Immediate Family:

Wife of Phraates IV, king of Parthia
Mother of Vonones I, king of Parthia; Phraates V, king of Parthia and Orodes III, king of Parthia

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About Musa, Queen of the Parthian Empire

According to Josephus, wife of Phraates IV who plotted with her son to murder her husband, and then married the son - infuriating the populace of Parthia so much that they overthrew her.

The Parthian empire was centered on what today is called Iran.

Referenced in a Rootsweb entry that reads "Urania [Julia], daughter of Phraates IV, King of Parthia, d35, &, wife, Thea-Urania"

Musa of Parthia

Musa was Queen of the Parthian Empire from ca. 2 BC to 4 AD. She is called as Thermusa by Josephus and is also known as Thea Urania (Astarte). She was a concubine given by the Roman Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14) to King Phraates IV of Parthia (37-2 BC). Around the same time, Augustus recovered the eagle standards (Aquilae) lost by Marcus Licinius Crassus in the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.

Phraates IV made her his favored wife; her son Phraates V (2 BC-4), commonly called Phraataces (a diminutive form), he appointed successor. She persuaded Phraates IV to send his other sons to Rome as hostages. With all rivals out of the way, she and Phraataces poisoned the king and assumed the throne in 2 BC. They appear together on their coins, and were apparently co-rulers.

Josephus alleges that Musa then married Phraates V, and, this being unacceptable to the Parthians, they rose up and overthrew them, offering the crown to Orodes III (who ruled briefly in 6).

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