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Nahum Sokolow

Hebrew: Nahum Sokolow, נחום סוקולוב, Polish: Nahum Sokołow
Birthplace: Wyszogród, Wyszogród / Płock, Mazowieckie, Poland
Death: Died in London, Greater London, England, Britain (UK)
Place of Burial: Yerushalayim, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Reb. Samuel Joseph Sokolow and Miriam Gitla Sokolow
Husband of Regina Sokolow
Father of Florian Sokołow; Celina Sokołow; Zofia Raczkowska; Maria Mendelson; Henryk Sokołow and 2 others
Brother of Mrs. Degenstein; Jeoshua Stanislaw Sokolow; Celina Sokolow; ? Sokolow; ? Sokolow and 1 other
Half brother of Chaia Sura Sokolow

Occupation: Author, writer, translator, Zionist leader, Journalist, pisarz, tłumacz
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Nahum Sokolow

Nahum Sokolow

Nahum Sokolow (Nahum ben Joseph Samuel Sokolow, Hebrew: נחום ט' סוקולוב‎ Nachum ben Yoseph Shmuel Soqolov, Yiddish: סאָקאָלאָוו, 1859 - 1936) was a Zionist leader, author, translator, and a pioneer of Hebrew journalism.

Born to a rabbinic family in Wyszogród, Poland (then Russian Empire), Sokolow began writing for the local Hebrew newspaper, HaTzefirah, when he was only seventeen years old. He quickly won himself a huge following that crossed the boundaries of political and religious affiliation among Polish Jews, from secular intellectuals to anti-Zionist Haredim, and eventually had his own regular column. Over the years, he would eventually become the newspaper's senior editor and a co-owner.

In 1906 Sokolow was asked to become the secretary general of the World Zionist Congress. In the ensuing years, he crisscrossed Europe and North America to promote the Zionist cause. During World War I, he lived in London, where he was a leading advocate for the Balfour Declaration of 1917, in which the British government declared its support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In 1931 he was elected President of the World Zionist Congress, and served in that capacity until 1935, when he was succeeded by Chaim Weizmann. He also served as President of the Jewish Agency for Palestine between 1931 and 1933 and was succeeded by Arthur Ruppin.

Sokolow was a prolific author and translator. His works include a three-volume history of Baruch Spinoza and his times, and various other biographies. He was the first to translate Theodor Herzl's utopian novel Altneuland into Hebrew, giving it the name Tel Aviv (literally, "An Ancient Hill of Spring"). In 1909, the name was adopted for the first modern Hebrew-speaking city: Tel Aviv.

Sokolov came to Rome to gain support for the plan of a Jewish state in Palestine, where he spoke to Monsignor Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII. That Pope Benedict XV had vehemently condemned anti-semitism a year before was seen as a good omen.

He died in London in 1936. The kibbutz Sde Nahum is named for him.

Coined the term "Tel Aviv", later used to name the famous city.

From the Jewish Encyclopedia

Russian journalist; born in Wishograd, government of Plock, Russian Poland, Jan. 10, 1859. His father, a descendant of Nathan Shapira, author of "Megalleh 'Amuḳḳot," removed to Plock about 1865, where Nahum received the usual Jewish education. He made rapid progress in his studies, and at the age of ten was known as a prodigy of learning and ability. Destined to become a rabbi, he studied under the supervision of his uncle, rabbi of Lubich, and of several other Talmudists, devoting part of his time to the study of the medieval Jewish philosophers, Neo-Hebrew literature, and modern languages. In 1876 he married, and remained for five years with his wife's parents in Makow, continuing his studies. In 1880 he removed to Warsaw, where he became (1884) assistant editor and (1885) associate editor of Ḥayyim Selig Slonimski's Ha-ẓefirah. Owing to Slonimski's advanced age, the editing and management of the newspaper, which became a daily in 1886, devolved entirely upon Sokolow, who became its sole editor and proprietor after Slonimski's death.

Sokolow began to write for Hebrew periodicals at an early age, and is probably the most prolific contributor to the Hebrew press of this generation. His earlier productions appeared in "Ha-Maggid," "Ha-Meliẓ," "Ha-Karmel," and other journals, but since about 1885 he has written, in Hebrew, almost exclusively for "Ha-Ẓefirah." He is the author of "Meẓuḳe Ereẓ," on geography (Warsaw, 1878); "Sin'at 'Olam le-'Am 'Olam," on the development of Jew-hatred (ib. 1882); "Ẓaddiḳ we-Nishgab," historical novel, in which R. Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller is the hero (ib. 1882); "Torat Sefat Anglit," a primer for self-instruction in English (ib. 1882); "Ereẓ Ḥemdah," geography of Palestine, with a résumé of Oliphant's "Land of Gilead" (ib. 1885).

Sokolow was the founder and editor of the year-book Ha-Asif, and of its successor, the "Sefer ha-Shanah," which appeared in Warsaw from 1899 to 1902. He edited the "Sefer Zikkaron" (Warsaw, 1890), a biographical dictionary of contemporary Jewish writers, which appeared as a supplement to "Ha-Asif"; and "Toledot Sifrut Yisrael," a Hebrew translation of Karpeles' "Gesch. der Jüdischen Litteratur" (ib. 1888-91). After Peltin's death, in 1896, Sokolow succeeded him as editor of the Polish weekly "Izraelita." Sokolow came to be regarded as the foremost Hebrew journalist in Russia. In 1903, twenty-five years having elapsed since the publication of his first work, a literary celebration was held in his honor, and was made memorable by the publication, in the following year, of a jubilee book, "Sefer ha-Yobel," to which numerous scholars contributed important articles, and of"Ketabim Nibḥarim," a collection of sketches and articles written by Sokolow for various periodicals.

Bibliography: Eisenstadt, Dor Rabbanaw we-Soferaw, iii. 33-34, Wilna, 1900;

idem, in Jewish Gazette, xxviii., No. 52;

Zeitlin, Bibl. Post-Mendels. pp. 373-374.S. P. Wi.

From Nahum Sokolow: Life & Legend

Born in Wyszograd, along the Vistula river. This was once the capital of Duchy Mazowsze

About Nahum Sokołow (Polski)

Nahum ben Josef Samuel Sokołow (1859-1936) – polski pisarz i tłumacz, pochodzenia żydowskiego, pionier hebrajskojęzycznego dziennikarstwa, lider ruchu syjonistycznego. W latach 1931–1935 był piątym prezydentem Światowej Organizacji Syjonistycznej. Wikipedia PL

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Nahum Sokolow's Timeline

January 10, 1859
Wyszogród, Wyszogród / Płock, Mazowieckie, Poland
Age 25
Age 25
Ha-Ẓefirah Newspaper
Age 26
Age 36
Age 46
World Zionist Congress
Age 46
- 1935
Age 71
World Zionist Congress
May 17, 1936
Age 77
London, Greater London, England, Britain (UK)
Age 77
Yerushalayim, Israel