Philippe de Faulconbridge, Seigneur de Cognac

public profile

Is your surname de Faulconbridge?

Research the de Faulconbridge family

Philippe de Faulconbridge, Seigneur de Cognac's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Philippe de Faulconbridge, Seigneur de Cognac

Also Known As: "Philip of Cognac"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: England
Death: circa 1221 (29-45)
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard "the Lionheart", king of England and Joan de St. Pol
Husband of Amélie de Cognac, dame de Jarnac
Father of Aumus de Cognac
Half brother of Fulk

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Philippe de Faulconbridge, Seigneur de Cognac

Philip of Cognac (early 1180s – after 1201) was an illegitimate son of Richard I of England by an unidentified mother.

Philip had reached adulthood by the end of the 1190s. His father married him to his ward, Amelia, the heiress of Cognac in Charente. However, when she died without issue, Richard kept the castle, and handed it over to his seneschal, Robert of Thornham.[1]

The king was mortally wounded during the suppression of a revolt by Viscount Aimar V of Limoges in 1199, and died without legitimate heirs. The chronicler Roger of Howden claimed that later that same year,

"Philip, illegitimate son of King Richard of England, to whom the aforesaid king his father had granted the castle and honour of Cognac, slew the previously mentioned Viscount of Limoges in vengeance for his father."[2]

No other source corroborates this, or explicitly indicates that Aimar of Limoges's death was a violent one. However, Guiraut de Bornelh's planh (lament) for him, Planc e sospir, does suggest his death was unexpected.

A further reference to Philip is found in the Pipe Rolls for 1201 of his uncle, John of England: "Et Philippo f. R. Ricardi 1 m. de dono R." ("And to Philip, son of King Richard, one mark as a gift"), but nothing later. It seems likely that he died early in the 13th century.

Philip in fiction, drama and film

The sparsely-documented historical Philip of Cognac has been developed in literature. William Shakespeare depicted him as Philip the Bastard in his play, The Life and Death of King John. In this, he is the son of Lady Faulconbridge, widow of Sir Robert Faulconbridge, and learns of his true paternity in the first scene:

Madam, I would not wish a better father.

He that perforce robs lions of their hearts

May easily win a woman's.

However, as mentioned above, nothing is known of the real Philip's mother. Shakespeare's character is essentially a fictional creation, who shares a name and a father with his historical counterpart.

Another highly fictionalised version of Philip, played by Stephen Moyer, figures as the romantic hero of Princess of Thieves (2001), a made-for-TV Disney adventure for young viewers, in which Keira Knightley plays Gwyn, the daughter of Robin Hood. This follows the tradition, begun by John Mair and popularised by Walter Scott, of assigning the Hood legends to Richard's reign. In this, Robin Hood, his daughter and the outlaws help Philip win the throne from his uncle John, and Philip and Gwyn fall in love.

Notes

  • "Comptes d'Alfonse de Poitiers", Archives historiques du Poitou, vol. 4, p. 21.
  • Roger of Howden, Chronica, vol. 4, p. 97.
view all

Philippe de Faulconbridge, Seigneur de Cognac's Timeline

1184
1184
England
1195
1195
Age 11
1221
1221
Age 37