Ranuccio I Farnese, IV. duca di Parma

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Ranuccio Farnese, Duke of Parma

Birthplace: Parma, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Death: March 05, 1622 (52)
Immediate Family:

Son of Alessandro Ignazio Farnese, III. duca di Parma and Maria de Portugal, Duquesa de Parma e Placência
Husband of Margherita Aldobrandini
Ex-partner of Briseide Ceretoli
Father of Alessandro Farnese; Odoardo I Farnese, duke of Parma; Maria Catharina Farnese; Vittoria Farnese; cardinal Francesco Maria Farnese and 2 others
Brother of Margherita Farnese and cardinal Odoardo Farnese
Half brother of Isabella Margherita Farnese

Managed by: Private User
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About Ranuccio I Farnese, IV. duca di Parma

Rainuzzio I Farnese, Duca di Parma

M, #3129, b. 28 March 1569, d. 5 March 1622

Rainuzzio I Farnese, Duca di Parma was born on 28 March 1569. He was the son of Alessandro Farnese, Duca di Parma and Maria de Aviz. He married Margherita Aldobrandini, daughter of John Francis Aldobrandini and Olimpia Aldobrandini, on 7 May 1600. He died on 5 March 1622 at age 52.

    Rainuzzio I Farnese, Duca di Parma gained the title of Duca di Piacenza in 1592. He succeeded to the title of Duca di Parma in 1592.2

Children of Rainuzzio I Farnese, Duca di Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini

-1. Odoardo Farnese, Duca di Parma+ b. 28 Apr 1612, d. 11 Sep 16462

-2. Mary Farnese+ b. 18 Feb 1615, d. 16 Jun 1646

Forrás / Source:



Ranuccio I Farnese (28 March 1569 – 5 March 1622) reigned as Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1592. A firm believer in absolute monarchy, Ranuccio, in 1594, centralised the administration of Parma and Piacenza, thus rescinding the nobles' hitherto vast prerogative. He is best remembered for the "Great Justice" of 1612, which saw the executions of many Piacentine nobles suspected of plotting against him.[1] Because one of the conspirators, Gianfrancesco Sanvitale, falsely implicated several Italian monarchs, namely Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena, in the plot, Vincenzo and Cesares' names appeared on the list of conspirators during formal court proceedings; as a result, Ranuccio's reputation among the monarchs of Italy was irreparably damaged because it was evident that he gave credence to Gianfrancesco's obviously false confession. When, consequently, in the early 1620s, Ranuccio was scouting for a bride for his younger legitimate son and heir, Odoardo, none of the Italian ruling families were forthcoming with princesses. He did, however, manage to engineer a match with Margherita de' Medici, daughter of Cosimo II of Tuscany.

The husband of Margherita Aldobrandini, niece of Pope Clement VIII, Ranuccio, the son of a Portuguese infanta, was considered as a potential monarch of Portugal when his childless great-uncle King Henry I died. The throne, however, passed to Philip II of Spain, whose troops had promptly occupied the country after Henry I's death.

His great-uncle Henry I of Portugal's death triggered the struggle for the throne of Portugal when Ranuccio was 11 years old. As the son of the late elder daughter of Infante Edward, 4th Duke of Guimarães, the only son of King Manuel I whose legitimate descendants survived at that time, Ranuccio was according to the feudal custom the first heir to the throne of Portugal. However his father was an ally and even a subject of the Spanish king, another contender, so Ranuccio's rights were not very forcibly claimed. Instead, Ranuccio's mother's younger sister Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, claimed the throne, very ambitiously, but failed.

Under Ranuccio I's rule, the dukedom annexed the territories of Colorno, Sala Baganza, and Montechiarugolo. He guided a cultural renewal in the city of Parma, supporting the arts and constructing the 4,500 seat Farnese Theater. Numerous improvements and monuments in Parma were constructed under Ranuccio I at his behest, including a revitalization of the University of Parma and the final expansion of the city walls. Construction of the Palazzo della Pilotta, the court palace of the Farnese family, was completed in 1620.

Ranuccio I is also remembered for his cruelty, one infamous example being the public execution of over 100 Parma residents suspected of conspiring against him.

He was succeeded by his son Odoardo, initially under the regency of Ranuccio's brother, Odoardo Farnese.


He married Donna Margarita Aldobrandini daughter of Don Giovanni Francesco Aldobrandini, Prince of Carpineto and his wife the heiress Donna Olimpia Aldobrandini, Princess Campinelli on 7 May 1600 in Rome, St. Sixtus. The couple had nine children:

1.Alessandro Francesco Maria Farnese (8 August 1602) died at birth;

2.Maria Farnese (5 September 1603-?) died in infancy;

3.Alessandro Farnese (5 September 1610-July 1630) died unmarried;

4.Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma (28 April 1612 – 11 September 1646) married Margherita de' Medici and had issue;

5.Onorato Farnese (7 July 1613-28 February 1614) died in infancy;

6.Maria Caterina Farnese (18 February 1615 – 25 July 1646) married Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena and had issue;

7.Maria Farnese (29 Apr 1618) died at birth;

8.Vittoria Farnese (29 April 1618-10 Aug 1649) married Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena and had issue;

9.Francesco Farnese (19 August 1620-13 July 1647) died unmarried; Cardinal.

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Ranuccio I Farnese, IV. duca di Parma's Timeline

March 28, 1569
Parma, Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
December 20, 1598
April 13, 1600
Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
September 5, 1610
Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
April 28, 1612
Parma, Italy
February 18, 1615
April 29, 1618
Parma, Province of Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
August 15, 1619
Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
March 5, 1622
Age 52