Sancho II el Fuerte, rey de Castilla

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Sancho II 'el Fuerte' de Castilla y León, rey de Castilla

Also Known As: "El Fuerte", "called the Strong", "or in Spanish", "el Fuerte"
Death: October 07, 1072 (31-40)
Zamora, Castille and Leon, Spain (murdered)
Place of Burial: Oña, Castille and Leon, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Ferdinand I the Great, King of Castile and Sancha I, reina de León
Husband of Alberta
Brother of Urraca de León, reina titular de Zamora; Elvira, reina titular de Toro; García I, rey de Galicia; Alfonso VI the Brave, King of Castile and León and Tigridia, Infanta de Castilla y León

Managed by: Gwyneth Potter McNeil
Last Updated:

About Sancho II el Fuerte, rey de Castilla

Sancho II (1036/1038-October 7, 1072), called the Strong, or in Spanish, el Fuerte, was King of Castile (1065-1072) and León (1072).

He was the eldest son of Ferdinand I of Castile and Sancha of León. His maternal grandparents were Alfonso V of Leon by Elvira Mendes.

He succeeded in Castile while his younger brother Alfonso succeeded in their mother's inheritance of León and Galicia was given to the youngest son García.

In 1068, Sancho defeated his cousins Sancho IV of Navarre and Sancho of Aragón in the War of the Three Sanchos. He reconquered Bureba, Alta Rioja, and Álava which his father had given to Sancho of Navarre's father, García, in return for aid against Bermudo III of León. In that year, he defeated Alfonso, his brother, at Llantada, but he soon teamed up with him to conquer Galicia. They succeeded (1071) and partitioned it, but Sancho then turned on Alfonso. With the aid of his alférez El Cid, he defeated Alfonso at Golpejera (1072). He then forced him into exile in Toledo and took over León as king.

His sister Urraca, Lady of Zamora, held that city against him, as the Leonese were strongly opposed to his presence. It was consequently a Zamoran noble who finally put and end to Sancho's campaigning success. Vellido Dolfos entered Sancho's camp as a pretendant deserter, separating Sancho from his guard as if to tell him the secrets of the Zamoran defence, and assassinated him.

He was succeeded in his kingdoms by the brother he displaced, Alfonso.

Finally, mention should be made of the part these events play in the Cantar de Mío Cid.

In the game Age of Empires II, Sancho appears in the first scenario of the El Cid campaign. In the scenario, he makes El Cid his general and asks him to defeat and capture Alfonso. He also Appears as the King of Castille in the 1066 scenario of the game Crusader Kings.

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Sancho II el Fuerte, rey de Castilla's Timeline

October 7, 1072
Age 36
Zamora, Castille and Leon, Spain
Monasterio de San Salvador de Oña, Oña, Castille and Leon, Spain