|Birthplace:||Canongate, Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland|
|Death:||Died in Melrose, Roxburghshire, Scotland|
|Managed by:||Alisdair James Smyth|
Historical records matching Sir David Brewster
About Sir David Brewster
BREWSTER, SIR DAVID. 11/12/1781-10/02/1868. Ref: 195. Male.
- Titles and British Honours: KH(1832).
- Place of Birth: Canongate, Jedburgh, Roxburghshire.
- Place of Death: Allerly, Melrose, Roxburghshire.
- Profession: Physicist.
- Appointments Held: Principal 1837-59, St Andrews University; 1859-68, Edinburgh University.
- Undergraduate Studies: MA(Edinburgh 1800).
- Postgraduate Studies: LL D(Aberdeen 1807), MA(Cantab1807).
- Mother: Margaret Key.
- Father: James Brewster, Rector of Jedburgh Grammar School.
- References: DNB 6, 1886, 299-303; Royal Scottish Museum Studies, 1984; Proc Roy Soc Edinb, 6, 1866-9, 282-4; Proc Roy Soc, 17, 1869, lxix-lxxiv signed JHG; Shapin 58; A Livingstone, Minerals of Scotland Past And Present, Edinburgh, 2002, 47-9; Gillispie 2, 451-4.
- Memberships: FRS (1815),FSA(Scot), MRIA, MICE, FSSA(Founding Director).
- Date of Election: 25/06/1808.
- Proposers: Alexander Dirom, John Playfair, James Russell (Minute 04/01/1808 NLS Acc10,000/4). See notes.
- Service to the RSE: Councillor (Physical) 1813-19, Councillor 1828-31, Vice-President 1831-64, President 1864-8.
- RSE Prizes and Medals: Keith Prize 1827-9, 1829-31.
- Notes: Previously proposed by Alexander Dirom, John Playfair, John Leslie (Minute 02/02/1807 NLS Acc10,000/4 & Acc10,000/12) "Father of Modern Optics".
- Fellow Type: OF.
SOURCE: Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Biographical index of former fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783-2002: Biographical Index. I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. page 111
- Wikipedia contributors. "David Brewster." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Sir David Brewster KH PRSE FRS FSA(Scot) FSSA MICE (11 December 1781 – 10 February 1868) was a Scottish physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, writer, historian of science and university principal.
He was invested as a Knight, Hanoverian Order (K.H.). He was a natural philosopher and academic administrator.
Most noted for his contributions to the field of optics, he studied the double refraction by compression and discovered the photoelastic effect, which gave birth to the field of optical mineralogy. For his work, William Whewell dubbed him the "Father of modern experimental optics" and "the Johannes Kepler of Optics."
He is well-recognized for being the inventor of the kaleidoscope and an improved version of the stereoscope applied to photography. He called it the "lenticular stereoscope", which was the first portable, 3D viewing device. He also invented the binocular camera, two types of polarimeters, the polyzonal lens and the lighthouse illuminator.
A prominent figure in the popularization of science, he is considered one of the founders of the British Association, of which he would be elected President in 1849. In addition, he was the editor of the 18-volume Edinburgh Encyclopedia.