Sir Hans Sloane 1st Baronet

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Hans Sloane, PRS

Birthdate: (92)
Birthplace: Killyleagh, County Down, Ireland
Death: January 11, 1753 (92)
Chelsea, London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexander Sloane and Sarah Sloane
Husband of Elizabeth Sloane
Father of Elizabeth Cadogan; Sarah Stanley; Mary Sloane and Hans Sloane
Brother of William Sloane
Half brother of Alice Elsmere

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Sir Hans Sloane 1st Baronet

  • Birth: Apr. 16, 1660
  • Killyleagh, Ireland
  • Death: Jan. 11, 1753
  • London, England

Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet, PRS (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753) was an Irish physician and collector, notable for bequeathing his collection to the nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum. He gave his name to Sloane Square in London and also to Sir Hans Sloane Square in his birthplace, Killyleagh

He was the seventh son of Alexander Sloane (d. 1666), agent for James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye and later first Earl of Clanbrassil. Sloane's family had migrated from Scotland, but settled in the north of Ireland under James I. His father died when he was six years old. Hans Sloane's brother, William, purchased South Stoneham House near Southampton in 1740.

Sloane married Elisabeth Langley, who was the widow of Fulke Rose of Jamaica, and daughter of alderman John Langley. They had three daughters Mary, Sarah and Elizabeth. They also had one son, Hans. Of the four children only Sarah and Elizabeth survived infancy. Sarah married George Stanley of Paultons and Elizabeth the future Second Baron Cadogan.

He invented Drinking Chocolate Milk - he encountered cocoa while he was in Jamaica, where the locals drank it mixed with water, and he is reported to have found it nauseating. However, he devised a means of mixing it with milk to make it more pleasant. When he returned to England, he brought his chocolate recipe back with him. Initially, it was manufactured and sold by apothecaries as a medicine; though, by the nineteenth century, the Cadbury Brothers sold tins of Sloane's drinking chocolate.

The Sloane Letters Blog

Sir Hans Sloane's Correspondence Online

Sloane’s wishes...

  • to be buried in Chelsea,
  • to have his intimates invited to the funeral,
  • that his friends be given rings worth twenty shillings
  • landed estates were divided into thirds for his eldest daughter Mrs Stanley, youngest daughter Lady Cadogan, and his niece Fowler (who was in the Elsmere family).
  • He left any of his “live rare animals” to the care of the Duke of Richmond.
  • fifty pounds each to his nephew William Sloane, sister Alice Elsmere and to her son Sloane Elsmere, but £200 to each of her two daughters. His grandson Hans Stanley and a John Roberts of Lincoln’s Inn received £100.
  • Two named servants, Henry Darlington and Martha Katling, were to receive an annuity of ten pounds for the rest of their lives
  • all of his servants would receive one full year’s wages in addition to wages owed and five pounds to buy mourning clothes.
  • His will and desire was that the government of Great Britain would understand his collection’s true value and purchase it at the bargain price of £20000. To this end, Sloane requested that his friends who had access to the King, George II–the Duke of Richmond, Lord Cadogan, Sir Robert Walpole, Sir Paul Methuen and Mr. Edgcombe–would intercede on his behalf. If Britain refused, the collection should be offered to (in this order) the Royal Society, Oxford University, Edinburgh College of Physicians, Paris Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Berlin Academy of Sciences or Madrid Academy of Sciences.


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Sir Hans Sloane 1st Baronet's Timeline

April 10, 1660
Age 34
October 28, 1709
Age 49
January 11, 1753
Age 92
London, England