Sir Ralph de Percy

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Sir Ralph de Percy

Also Known As: "Percy"
Birthplace: Alnwick, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom
Death: September 15, 1397 (Battle of Otterburn)
Place of Burial: Northumberland, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and Margaret de Neville, Baroness de Ros
Ex-husband of Philippa de Strathbogie, of Atholl
Brother of Isolda Percy; Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Sir Thomas Percy

Managed by: Charles Arthur Chester
Last Updated:

About Sir Ralph de Percy

  • Sir Ralph Percy1,2,3,4,5,6
  • M, #46036, d. 1400
  • Father Sir Henry Percy, 4th Earl Northumberland, Marshal & Constable of England3,7,5,8 b. 10 Nov 1341, d. 19 Feb 1408
  • Mother Margaret de Neville2,3,7,5,8 b. 12 Feb 1339, d. 12 May 1372
  • Sir Ralph Percy married Phillipa Strathbogie, daughter of David Strathbogie, 12th Earl Atholl, 3rd Lord Strabolgi and Elizabeth de Ferrers, before 20 March 1377 at Strathbogie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland; They had no issue. Marriage was subsequently annulled due to consanguinity.1,2,9,3,4,5,6 Sir Ralph Percy died in 1400 at Palestine; d.s.p. Slain by the Saracens. He had married (2) Joan, but had no issue.2,3,5
  • Family Phillipa Strathbogie d. 1 Nov 1395
  • Citations
  • [S11563] The Scots Peerage, Vol. I, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 433.
  • [S11581] Burke's Dormant & Extinct Peerages, p. 424.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 66.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 341.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 194.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 354.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 339.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 352.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 51.
  • From:


  • Sir Ralph de Percy1
  • M, #109182, b. circa 1365, d. 15 September 1397
  • Last Edited=4 Dec 2013
  • Consanguinity Index=0.18%
  • Sir Ralph de Percy was born circa 1365 at Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England.2 He was the son of Henry de Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and Margaret de Neville.1 He married Philippa of Atholl, daughter of David of Strathbogie, 12th Earl of Atholl and Elizabeth Ferrers, on 20 March 1376.3 He died on 15 September 1397 at Holy Land, killed in action, without issue.1,2
  • His marriage to Philippa of Atholl was annulled.1
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 309. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 3759. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • From:


  • Ralph PERCY (Sir)
  • Born: ABT 1359, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Died: 15 Sep 1397, Battle In Holy Land
  • Father: Henry PERCY (1º E. Northumberland)
  • Mother: Margaret NEVILLE (B. Ros)
  • Married: Phillippa STRATHBOGIE (b. 1361 - d. 2 Nov 1395) (dau. of David De Strathbogie, E. Atholl, and Elizabeth Ferrers) 20 Mar 1376/1377, Strathbogie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
  • From: PERCY (Sir)1


  • Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland
  • Spouse(s) Margaret Neville
  • Maud, Baroness Lucy
  • Issue
    • Harry "Hotspur" Percy
    • Sir Thomas Percy
    • Sir Ralph Percy
    • Alan Percy
    • Margaret Percy
  • Titles and styles
  • The Earl of Northumberland
  • The Lord of Mann[1]
  • Noble family House of Percy
  • Father Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy
  • Mother Mary of Lancaster
  • Born 10 November 1341
  • Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Died 20 February 1408 (aged 66)
  • Bramham Moor, Yorkshire, England
  • From:,_1st_Earl_of_Northumberland


Battle of Otterburn

  • The Battle of Otterburn took place according to Scottish sources on 5 August 1388,[1][2] or 19 August according to English sources,[3][4]as part of the continuing border skirmishes between the Scottish and English.
  • The best remaining record of the battle is .... etc.
  • It was timed to take advantage of divisions on the English side between Lord Neville and Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland who had just taken over defence of the border.
  • The Scots divided their forces with the main force and their baggage train heading towards Carlisle while a raiding party under the Earl of Douglas ravaged the countryside around Durham and Newcastle. Northumberland sent his two sons Harry Hotspur and Sir Ralph Percy to engage while he stayed at Alnwick to cut off the marauders' retreat.
  • Froissart says that the first fighting included a meeting of the Earl of Douglas and Henry Percy in hand-to-hand combat, in which Percy's pennon was captured. .... etc.

From: _________________

  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 44
  • Percy, Henry (1342-1408) by William Hunt
  • PERCY, HENRY, first Earl of Northumberland (1342–1408), son of Henry, third baron Percy of Alnwick [see under Percy, Henry, second Baron], by his first wife, Mary, daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster (1281?–1345) [q. v.], was born in 1342. In 1359 he married Margaret, daughter of Ralph Neville, fourth Baron Neville of Raby [q. v.], and widow of William, lord Ros of Hamlake, or Helmsley; in that year and the next he was a leader of troops in the French war, and was knighted before October 1360, in which month he appears as one of the guarantors of the treaty of Bretigny at Calais (Fœdera, iii. 518, 531). He was appointed to treat with David Bruce in 1362, being then a warden of the marches towards Scotland .... etc.
  • In March 1388 he was appointed to treat with the Scots. In the summer the Scots made a great raid across the border under the Earls of Douglas, Dunbar, and Moray, and ravaged the land to the gates of Durham, intending to return by way of Newcastle. The earl sent his sons, Sir Henry and Sir Ralph, to Newcastle, while he himself remained at Alnwick, thinking that he might thus take them on both sides. His sons met the Scots in battle at Otterburn, near Woolley [see under Percy, Sir Henry, (1364–1403)]. In 1389 he was appointed captain .... etc.
  • .... By his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Ralph, fourth baron Neville of Raby [q. v.], he had three sons—Sir Henry, called Hotspur [q. v.]; Sir Thomas, married Elizabeth, elder daughter and coheiress of David, earl of Atholl, and died in Spain in March 1387, leaving a son Henry; and Sir Ralph, who was taken prisoner at Otterburn in 1388, acted efficiently as warden of west march in 1393, and probably died soon afterwards—and a daughter. In 1384 he married his second wife, Maud, daughter of Thomas de Lucy of Cockermouth, and eventually sole heir of her brother Anthony, last baron Lucy, and widow of Gilbert de Umfraville, earl of Angus, by whom he had no issue, and who died on 24 Dec. 1398. A portrait of the earl is to be found in Harleian MS. 1318, and is given in Doyle's ‘Official Baronage.’
  • .... etc.
  • From:,_Henry_(1342-1408)_(DNB00)
  • to


  • Sir Henry de Percy
  • Birth: Nov. 10, 1341 Alnwick, Northumberland, England
  • Death: Feb. 19, 1408 Bramham, West Yorkshire, England
  • Oldest of two sons of Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron de Percy of Alnwick and his first wife, Lady Mary Plantagenet. His brother, Thomas, would become the first and last Earl of Worcester while Henry became the 4th Baron de Percy and the 1st Earl of Northumberland.
  • Henry married Margaret de Neville on July 12, 1358, the daughter of Ralph de Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby and Alice de Audley. They were the parents of:
    • Henry 1364-1403 Lord Percy m Elizabeth de Mortimer
    • Ralph 1365-1397 m Phillipa Atholl, no issue
    • Thomas 1366-1388 m Phillipa Atholl
    • Possibly Margaret and Alan
  • After Margaret died in 1372, Henry married again about 1383, to Maud Lucy, daughter of Thomas de Lucy, 2nd Lord Lucy and Margaret de Multon, but had no children.
  • Henry was loyal to Edward III, and held high positions in northern England's administration offices. in 1362, he was made Warden of the Scotland Marches, and given the supervision of all Scottish marches castle and fortifications in February of 1367.
  • When his father died in 1368, Henry succeeded him as the 4th Baron de Percy of Alnwick Castle, where he was born.

Kind Edward died in 1377, replaced by Richard II, who Henry supported until Richard made Ralph de Neville the Earl of Westmorland in 1397, when Ralph and Henry, after Margaret's death, became rivals. Henry and his brother, Thomas, both turned their loyalties to Henry Bolingbroke, the son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, who would become King Henry IV. After Henry's coronation (and Richard's untimely and sudden death), Henry de Percy was appointed Constable of England and granted the Isle of Man, but given the task of quelling the Welsh rebellions led my Owain Glyndwir. By this time, Henry's son, Henry 'the hotspur' was old enough to join forces with his father.

  • Then in 1403, Henry turned against Henry IV in favor of Edmund Mortimer who conspired with Owain, as he laid claim to the throne through his father as a direct descendant of Edward. Henry would lose his brother, Thomas, at the Battle of Shrewbury July 21, 1403 (his son Henry Hotspur would lead the battle against Henry IV), and Henry would meet his end only five years later at the Battle of Branham Moor in 1408, invading Northern England and well defeated.
  • His son, Henry Hotspur, met a similar fate, killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury, buried on Henry IV's orders, but later exhumed as rumors proclaimed Hotspur still alive. He was impaled on a spear, then cut into quarters to be sent all over England. His head was placed on a pole at York's gates.
  • The Percy line would continue into the twenty first century, still living at Alnwick Castle, Northumberland.
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • Henry de Percy (1320 - 1368)
  • Mary Plantagenet Percy (1320 - 1362)
  • Spouse:
  • Margaret de Neville Percy (1341 - 1372)
  • Children:
    • Henry Percy (1364 - 1403)*
  • Sibling:
  • Henry de Percy (1341 - 1408)
  • Thomas de Percy (1343 - 1403)*
  • Burial: Alnwick Abbey , Alnwick, Northumberland Unitary Authority, Northumberland, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 69493848
  • From:



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Sir Ralph de Percy's Timeline

September 15, 1397
May 27, 1941
Alnwick, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom