Sir Robert Mond

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Robert Ludwig Mond

Birthdate: (71)
Birthplace: Farnworth, Lancashire, England
Death: October 22, 1938 (71)
Paris, France (Gastric Ailment)
Place of Burial: Brittany, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Ludwig Mond and Frida Mond
Husband of Helen Edith Mond and Marie-Louise Guggenheim, Lady Mond
Father of Frieda Helen Mond and Irene Henrietta Dunn
Brother of Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett

Occupation: Industrialist, Chemist
Managed by: Simon Goodman
Last Updated:

About Sir Robert Mond

Sir Robert Ludwig Mond FRS, FRSE (9 September 1867 — 22 October 1938) was a British chemist and archaeologist.

Early life and education

Robert Mond was born at Farnworth, Widnes, Lancashire, the elder son of Ludwig Mond, chemist and industrialist. He was educated at Cheltenham College, Peterhouse, Cambridge, Zurich Polytechnic, the University of Edinburgh and the University of Glasgow. At Glasgow he studied under William Thomson.

Chemistry He collaborated with his father in the discovery of the gaseous compound nickel carbonyl. He perfected the industrial production of iron carbonyl, and discovered the first derivative of a metallic carbonyl (cobalt nitroso-carbonyl) and a new ruthenium carbonyl For a time he made trials of scientific farming. Following his father's heritage he became a director of Brunner Mond & Company and because of a connection with nickel mines in Canada he was a trustee of the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto.

Archaeology He then took an interest in Egyptian archaeology and worked with some of the major archaeologists of the time, including Percy Newberry, Howard Carter, Arthur Weigall and Alan Gardiner. With the last named he worked on the Theban necropolis. After World War I he was involved with the preservation of the tomb of Rameses. He built up a considerable collection of artifacts which he bequeathed to the British Museum. He also performed archaeological work in Palestine, France and the Channel Islands and assisted in the foundation of a British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem. Robert Mond also took an interest in model soldiers building up a collection of 900 figures representing all the regiments in Napoleon's army.

Honours and benefactions Mond helped convert a house in Paris into the Maison de la Chimie which supported the work of chemistry in France and he was a benefactor of the British Institute in Paris. He also made large benefactions to the universities of Liverpool, Manchester and Toronto. He was knighted in 1932. He received numerous honours including the honorary degrees of LL.D from the universities of Liverpool and Toronto, and D.Sc from the University of London. He was made president of the Faraday Society (1930–1932)and was awarded the Messel medal of the Society of Chemical Industry. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and Fellow of the Royal Society. In France he became Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur and a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, thereby joining the Institut de France. He was elected president of the Société de Chimie.

Personal life Robert Mond married twice. In 1898 he married Helen Levis and they had two daughters but Helen died in 1905, following the birth of their second daughter (born in 1901). In her memory Mond founded the Infants' Hospital in Vincent Square, London. In 1922 he married Marie-Louise Guggenheim (née Le Manach) of Belle-Île-en-Terre, Brittany and following this spent more of his life in France. He died in Paris, was cremated at the Père Lachaise Cemetery and his ashes were buried at his home at Belle-Île-en-Terre.


Biographical Summary

Mond, Sir Robert Ludwig. 09/09/1867-22/10/1938. Ref: 1871. Male.

  • Titles and British Honours: Knight(1932).
  • Place of Birth: Farnworth, Near Widnes, Lancashire.
  • Place of Death: Paris, France.
  • Place of interment: Ashes at Belle Isle en Terre,Brittany, France.
  • Profession: Industrial Chemist, Archaeologist.
  • Appointments Held: Director 1897, Brunner, Mond & Co, Director later Chairman, Mond Nickel Co.
  • Schools and Tutors: Cheltenham College, Gloucestershire.
  • Undergraduate Studies: BA (Cantab.), Zurich, Edinburgh & Glasgow Universities.
  • Postgraduate Studies: LL.D(Hon Liverpool, Toronto).
  • Marital Status: Married 1st (1898) Helen Edith Levis d.1905, 2nd (1922) Marie Louise Le Manach (Mrs Simon Guggenheim).
  • Mother: Frida Loewenthal.
  • Father: Ludwig Mond, FRS 1839-1909.
  • References: DNB 1931-1940,1949, 622-3; Obituary Notices of Fellows of The Royal Society,2, 627-32 signed J.F.Thorpe (Portrait); Proc Roy Soc Edinb, 59, 1938-39, 273-5; Who Was Who 3.
  • Memberships: FRS(1938), FSA, Faraday Society(President 1930-2), Societe de Chimie Industrielle.
  • Date of Election: 02/06/1890.
  • Proposers: Alexander Crum Brown, Sir W Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Sir G Sims Woodhead, A Peebles Aitken (Billet 5/5, 19/5/1890).
  • Fellow Type: OF.

SOURCE: Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Biographical index of former fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783-2002: Biographical Index. II. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. page 660

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Sir Robert Mond's Timeline

September 9, 1867
Farnworth, Lancashire, England
August 26, 1899
Age 31
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
March 24, 1901
Age 33
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
October 22, 1938
Age 71
Paris, France
Brittany, France