Vittorio Amedeo III, duca di Savoia

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About Vittorio Amedeo III, duca di Savoia

Victor Amadeus III of Savoy

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Victor Amadeus III

Duke of Savoy, Piedmont, and Aosta, King of Sardinia

King of Sardinia

Reign 20 February 1773 – 16 October 1796

Predecessor Charles Emmanuel III

Successor Charles Emmanuel IV

Spouse Maria Antonietta of Spain


Charles Emmanuel IV of Savoy

Marie Joséphine, Countess of Provence

Marie Thérèse

Maria Ana, Duchess of Chablais

Vittorio Emanuele I

Maurizio Giuseppe Maria, Duke of Montferrat

Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony

Carlo Felice I

Giuseppe Benedetto, Count of Moriana and Asti

Father Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy

Mother Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg

Born 26 June 1726(1726-06-26)

Turin, Piedmont

Died 16 October 1796 (aged 70)

Castle of Moncalieri

Victor Amadeus III (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo III di Savoia) (June 26, 1726, Turin, Piedmont – October 16, 1796) was King of Sardinia from 1773 until his death.



   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Marriage and issue
   * 3 Ancestry
   * 4 External links

[edit] Biography

Victor Amadeus III of Savoy.

Born in Turin, he was a son of Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy and his second wife Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg.

Having succeeded his father in 1773, he soon started works of improvements in the port of Nice, and had dams in the Arce and the road of the Côte built.

During in the Napoleonic Wars, his troops were defeated by the French at the Battle of Millesimo (April 13, 1796). Victor Amadeus was therefore forced to sign the Treaty of Paris, by which he ceded the fortress of Cuneo, Ceva, Alessandria and Tortona to France, and allowed free passage of the latter's armies towards Italy. He was also compelled to cede Nice and Savoy.

He was a private conservative and very religious person, who, as a young boy, stayed far from public life. His father felt him to be unsuitable to hold power. When he came to the throne in 1773 and worked on bureaucratic and military aspects of the reign. He was suspicious of anything innovative. However, he did implement several public works as well as paying a great deal of attention to his administration and armed forces. He approved and set up two new important cultural state institutions on the advice of the bourgeoisie and aristocracy alike, the Academy of Science and the Agricultural Society

He died soon thereafter in the Castle of Moncalieri.

[edit] Marriage and issue

Maria Carolina of Savoy.

Coat of Arms of Kings of Sardinia of House of Savoy after 1720.

He married Infanta Maria Antonietta of Spain (1729-1785), youngest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth of Parma.

They had twelve children including:

  1. Carlo Emanuele IV (1751-1819), married Princess Clotilde of France
  2. Marie Elizabeth Charlotte, (1752-1753)
  3. Marie Josephine Louise 1753-1810, married Louis XVIII of France
  4. Amedeus Alexander, Duke of Montferrat (1754-1755).
  5. Marie Thérèse (1756-1805), married Charles X of France
  6. Maria Anna Carlotta Gabriella (1757-1824), married her uncle Benedetto, Duke of Chablais (1741-1808), no issue.
  7. Vittorio Emanuele I (1759-1824), married Maria Theresia of Austria-Este
  8. Maria Christine Josephine (1760-1768)
  9. Maurizio Giuseppe Maria, Duke of Montferrat, (1762-b.1799) unmarried.
 10. Maria Carolina Antonietta Adelaide (1764-1782) married Anton, later king of Saxony.
 11. Carlo Felice I (1765–1831), married Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily, daughter of Maria Carolina of Austria
 12. Giuseppe Benedetto (1766-1802), Count of Moriana (-1796), and Asti (1796-1802) unmarried.

This page was last modified on 24 July 2010 at 14:18.

[edit] External links

   * Genealogy
view all 20

Vittorio Amedeo III, duca di Savoia's Timeline

June 26, 1726
Torino, Sardegna
June 26, 1726
- February 20, 1773
Turin, Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italy
August 20, 1726
Royal Palace of Turin, Torino, Città Metropolitana di Torino, Piemonte, Italy
May 24, 1751
Torino, Piemonte, Italy
July 16, 1752
Turin, Piedmont, Italy
September 2, 1753
Piazzetta Reale, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
October 5, 1754
Turin, Piedmont, Italy
January 31, 1756
Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
December 17, 1757
Royal Palace of Turin, Turin